Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary



SELF-EVIDENCE, n. [self and evidence.] Evidence or certainty resulting from a proposition without proof; evidence that ideas offer to the mind upon bare statement.

SELF-EVIDENT, a. Evident without proof or reasoning; that produces certainty or clear conviction upon a bare presentation to the mind; as a self-evident propostion or truth. That two and three make five, is self-evident.

SELF-EVIDENTLY, adv. By means of self-evidence.

SELF-EXALTATION, n. The exaltation of one’s self.

SELF-EXALTING, a. Exalting one’s self.

SELF-EXAMINATION, n. [self and examination.] An examination or scrutiny into one’s own state, conduct or motives, particularly in regard to religious affections and duties.

SELF-EXUSING, a. Excusing one’s self.

SELF-EXISTENCE, n. [self and existence.] Inherent existence; the existence possossed by virtue of a being’s own nature, and independent of any other being or cause; an attribute peculiar to God.

SELF-EXISTENT, a. Existing by its own nature or essense, independent of any other cause. God is the only self-existent being.

SELF-FLATTERING, a. [self and flatter.] Flattering one’s self.

SELF-FLATTERY, n. Flattery of one’s self.

SELF-GLORIOUS, a. [self and glorious.] Springing from vain glory or vanity; vain; boastful.

SELF-HARMING, a. [self and harm.] Injuring or hurting one’s self or itself.

SELF-HEAL, n. [self and heal.] A plant of the genus Sanicula, and another of the genus Prunella.

SELF-HEALING, a. Having the power or property of healing itself. The self-healing power of living animals and vegetables is a property as wonderful as it is indicative of divine goodness.

SELF-HOMICIDE, n. [self and homicide.] The killing of one’s self.

SELF-IDOLIZED, a. Idolized by one’s self.

SELF-IMPARTING, a. [self and impart.] Inparting by its own powers and will.

SELF-IMPOSTURE, n. [self and imposture.] Imposture practiced on one’s self.

SELF-INTEREST, n. [self and interest.] Private interest; the interest or advantage of one’s self.

SELF-INTERESTED, a. Having self-interest; particularly concerned for one’s self.

SELF-JUSTIFIER, n. One who excuses or justifies himself.

SELF-KINDLED, a. [self and kindle.] Kindled of itself, or without extraneous aid or power.

SELF-KNOWING, a. [self and know.] Knowing of itself, or without communication from another.

SELF-KNOWLEDGE, n. The knowledge of one’s own real character, abilities, worth or demerit.

SELF-LOVE, n. [self and love.] The love of one’s own person or happiness.

Self-love, the spring motion, acts the soul. Pope.

SELF-LOVING, a. Loving one’s self.

SELF-METAL, n. [self and metal.] The same metal.

SELF-MOTION, n. [self and motion.] Motion given by inherent powers, without external impulse; spontaneous motion.

Matter is not indued with self-motion. Cheyne.

SELF-MOVED, a. [self and move.] Moved by inherent power without the aid of extraneous influence.

SELF-MOVING, a. Moving or exiting to action by ingerent power, without the impulse of another body or extraneous ingluence.

SELF-MURDER, n. [self and murder.] The murder of one’s self; suicide.

SELF-NEGLECTING, n. [self and neglect.] A neglecting of one’s self.

Self-love is not so great a sin as self-neglecting. Shak.

SELF-OPINION, n. [self and opinion.] One’s own opinion.

SELF-OPINIONED, a. Valuing one’s own opinion highly.

SELF-PARTIALITY, n. [self and partiality.] That partiality by which a man overrates his own worth when compared with others.

SELF-PLEASING, a. [self and please.] Pleasing one’s self; gratifying one’s own wishes.

SELF-PRAISE, n. [self and praise.] The praise of one’s self; self-applause.

SELF-PREFERENCE, n. [self and preference.] The preference of one’s self to others.

SELF-PRESERVATION, n. [self and preservation.] The preservation of one’s self from destruction or injury.

SELF-REPELLENCY, n. [self and repellency.] The inherent power of repulsion in a body.

SELF-REPELLING, a. [self and repel.] Repelling by its own inherent power.

SELF-REPROVED, a. [self and reprove.] Reproved by consciousness or one’s own sense of guilt.

SELF-REPROVING, a. Reproving by consciouness.

SELF-REPROVING, n. The act of reproving by a conscious sense of guilt.

SELF-RESTRAINED, a. [self an restrain.] Restrained by itself, or by one’s own power or will; not controlled by external force or authority.

SELF-RESTRAINING, a. Restraining or controlling itself.

SELF-SAME, a. [self and same.] Numerically the same; the very same; identical.

SELF-SEEKING, a. [self and seek.] Seeking one’s own interest or happiness; selfish.

SELF-SLAUGHTER, n. self-slau’ter. [self and slaughter.] The slaughter of one’s self.

SELF-SUBDUED, a. [self and subdue.] Subdued by one’s own power or means.

SELF-SUBVERSIVE, a. Overturning or subverting itself.

SELF-SUFFICIENCY, n. [self and sufficiency.] An overweening opinion of one’s own strength or worth; excessive confidence in one’s own competence or sufficiency.

SELF-SUFFICIENT, a. Having full confidence in one’s own strength, abilities or endowments; whence, haughty; overbearing.

SELF-TORMENTER, n. One who torments himself.

SELF-TORMENTING, a. [self and torment.] Tormenting one’s self; as self-tormenting sin.

SELF-VALUING, a. Esteeming one’s self.

SELF-WILL, n. [self and will.] One’s own will; obstinacy.

SELF-WILLED, a. Governed by one’s own will; not yielding to the will or wishes of others; not accomodating or compliant; obstinate.

SELF-WRONG, n. [self and wrong.] Wrong done by a person to himself.

SELFISH, a. Regarding one’s own interest chiefly or soley; influenced in actions by a view to private advantage.

SELFISHLY, adv. The exclusive of a person to his own interest or happiness; or that supreme self-love or self-preference, which leads a person in his actions to direct his purposes to the advancement of his own interest, power or happiness, without regarding the interest of others. Selfishness, in its worst or unqualified sense, is the ver essence of human depravity, and it stands in direct opposition to benevolence, which is the essence of the divine character. As God is love, so man, in his natural state, is selfishness.

SELFNESS, n. Self-love; selfishness. [Not in use.]

SELL, for self; and sells for selves. [Scot.]

SELL, n. [L. sella.] A saddle, and a throne. Obs.
SELL, v.t. pret. and pp. sold.

1. To transfer property or the exclusive right of possession to another for an equivalent in money. It is correlative to buy, as one party buys what the other sells. It is distinguished from exchange or barter, in which one commodity is given for another; wheras in selling the consideration is money, or its representative in current notes. To this distinction there may be certain exceptions. “Esau sold his birthright to Jacob for a mess of pottage.” But this is unusual. “Let us sell Joseph to the Ishmaelites- And they sold him for twenty pieces of silver.” Genesis 37:27.

Among the Hebrews, parents had power to sell their children.

2. To betray; to deliver or surrender for money or reward; as, to sell one’s country.

3. To yield or give for a certain consideration. the troops fought like lions, and sold their lives dearly. that is, they yielded their lives, but first destroyed many, which made it a dear purchase for their enemies.

4. In Scripture, to give up to be harassed and made slaves.

He sold them into the hands of their enemies. Judges 2:14.

5. To part with; to renounce or forsake.

Buy the truth and sell it not. Proverbs 23:23.

To sell one’s self to do evil, to give up one’s self to be the slave of sin, and to work wickedness without restraint.

SELL, v.i.

1. To have commerce; to practice selling.

2. To be sold. Corn sells at a good price.

SELLANDER, n. A dry scab in a horses hough or pastern.

SELLER, n. The person that sells; a vender.


1. Transferring the property of a thing for a price or equivalent in money.

2. Betraying for money.

SELVEDGE, n. The edgr of a cloth, where it is closed by complication the threads; a woven border, or border of the close works.

SELVEDGED, a. Having a selvedge.

SELVES, plu. of self.

SEMBLABLE, a. Like; similar; resembles.

SEMBLABLY, adv. In like manner. [Not in use.]


1. Likeness; resemblance; actual similitude; as the semblance of worth; semblance of virtue.

The semblance and initations of shells. Woodward.

2. Appearance; show; figure; form.

Their semblance kind, and mild their gestures where. Fairfax.

SEMBLANT, n. Show; figure; resemblance. [Not in use.]

SEMBLANT, a. Like; resembling. [Not in use.]

SEMBLATIVE, a. Resembling; fit; suitable; according to.

And all is semblativea woman’s part. Shak. [Not in use.]

SEMBLE, v.t. To imitate; to represent or make similar.

Where sembling art may carve the fair effect. Shak. [Not in use.]

SEMI, L. semi, In composition, signifies half.

SEMI-ACIDIFIED, a. or pp. Half acidified. [See Acidified.]

SEMI-AMPLEXICAUL, a. [L. semi, amplexus, or amplector, to embrace, and caulis, stem.]

In botang, embracing the stem half way, as a stem.

SEMI-ANNUAL, a. [semi and annual.] Half yearly.

SEMI-ANNUALLY, adv. Every half year.

SEMI-ANNULAR, a. [L. semi and annulus, a ring.] Having the figure of a half circle; that is, half round.

SEMI-APERTURE, n. [semi and aperture.] The half of an aperture.

SEMI-ARIAN, n. [See Arian.] In ecclesiastical history, the Semi-arians were a branch of the Arians, who in appearance condemned the errors of Arius, but acquiesced in some of his principles, disguising them under more moderate terms. they did not acknowledge the Son to be consubstantial with the Father, that is, of the same substance, but admitted him to be of a like substance with the Father, not by nature, but by a peculiar priviledge.

SEMI-ARIAN, a. Pertaining to semi-arianism.

SEMI-ARIANISM, n. The doctrines or tenets of the Semi-arians. The semi-arianism of modern times consists in maintaining the Son to have been from all eternity begotten by the will of the father.

SEMI-BARBARIAN, a. [semi and barbarian.] Half savage; partially civilized.

SEMIBREVE, [semi and breve; formerly written semibref.] In music, a note of half the duration of time of the breve. It is the measure note by which all others are regulated. It contains the time of two minims, four crotchets, eights quavers, sixteen semiquavers and thirty-two demisemiquavers.

SEMI-CASTRATE, v.t. To deprive of one testicle.

SEMI-CASTRATION, n. Half castration; deprivation of one testicle.

SEMICIRCLE, n. [semi and circle.]

1. The half of a circle; the part of a circle comprehended between its diameter and half of its circumference.

2. Any body in the form of a half circle.

SEMICIRCLED, SEMICIRCULAR, a. Having the form of a half circle.

SEMICOLON, n. [semi and colon.] In grammar, and punctuation, the point [;] the mark of pause to be observed- in reading or speaking, of less duration than the colon, double the duration of the comma, or half the duration of the period. It is used to distinguish the conjunct members of the sentence.

SEMI-COLUMNAR, a. [semi and columnar.] Like a half column; flat on one side and round on the other; a term of botany, applied to a stem, leaf or petiole.

SEMI-COMPACT, a. [semi and compact.] Half compact; imperfectly indurated.

SEMI-CRUSTACEOUS, a. [semi and crustaceous.] Half crustaceous.

SEMI-CYLINDRIC, SEMI-CYLINDRICAL, a. [semi and cylindric.] Half cylindrical.

SEMI-DEISTICAL, a. Half deistical; bordering on deism.

SEMI-DIAMETER, n. [semi and diameter.] Half the diameter; a right line or the length of a right line drawn from the center or sphere to its circumference or periphery; a radius.

SEMI-DIAPASON, n. [semi and diapason.] In music, an imperfect octave, or an octave diminished by a lesser semitone.

SEMI-DIAPENTE, n. An imperfect fifth; a hemi-diapente.

SEMI-DIAPHANEITY, n. [See Semidiaphanous.] Half or imperfect transparency. [Little used.] [Instead of this, translucency is used.]

SEMI-DIAPHANOUS, a. [semi and diaphanous.] Half or imperfecty transparent. [Instead of this, translecent is now used.]