Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary

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OCTOPETALOUS — OIL-NUT

OCTOPETALOUS, a. [Gr. eight and a petal.] Having eight petals or flower-leaves.

OCTORADIATED, a. [L. octo, eight, and radius, ray.] Having eight rays.

OCTOSPERMOUS, a. [Gr. eight, and seed.] Containing eight seeds.

OCTOSTYLE, n. [Gr. eight, and style.] In ancient architecture, the face of an edifice adorned with eight columns, or a range of eight columns.

OCTOSYLLABLE, a. [L. octo, eight, and syllaba, syllable.] Consisting of eight syllables.

OCTUPLE, a. [L. octuplus; octo, eight, and plico, to fold.] Eight-fold.

OCULAR, a. [L. ocularius, from oculus, eye.]

Depending on the eye; known by the eye; received by actual sight; as ocular proof; ocular demonstration or evidence.

OCULARLY, adv. By the eye, sight or actual view.

OCULATE, a. [L. oculatus.] Furnished with eyes; knowing by the eye.

OCULIFORM, a. [L. oculus, eye, and forma, form.]

In the form of an eye; resembling the eye in form; as an oculiform pebble.

OCULIST, n. [from L. oculus, the eye.] One skilled in diseases of the eyes, or one who professes to cure them.

Oculus beli, a semi-pellucid gem, a variety of agate of a grayish white color, variegated with yellow, and with a black central nucleus. Its variegations resemble the pupil and iris of the eye.

Oculus cati, cat’s eye or asteria, a beautiful gem approaching the nature of the opal, having a bright color which seems to be lodged deep in the stone, and which shifts as it is moved in various directions. It is larger than a pea, and generally of a semi-circular form, naturally smooth. It is found in the East and West Indies, and in Europe.

Oculus mundi, otherwise called hydrophane and lapis mutabilis, a precious stone of an opake whitish brown color, but becoming transparent by infusion in an aqueous fluid, and resuming its opacity when dry. It is found in beds over the opals in Hungary, Silesia and Saxony, and over the chalcedonies and agates in Iceland.

ODD, a.

1. Not even; not divisible into equal numbers; as one, three, five, seven, etc.

Good luck lies in odd numbers.

2. Left or remaining after the union, estimate or use of even numbers; or remaining after round numbers or any number specified; as the odd number; the odd man.

Sixteen hundred and odd years after the earth was made, it was destroyed by a deluge.

3. Singular; extraordinary; differing from what is usual; strange; as an odd phenomenon.

It sometimes implies dislike or contempt; as an odd fellow.

4. Not noted; unheeded; not taken into the common account.

There are yet missing some few odd lads that you remember not.

5. Uncommon; particular.

The odd man to perform all three perfectly is Joannes Sturmis.

6. Uncommon; in appearance improper or not likely to answer the purpose. This is an odd way of doing things.

Locke’s Essay would be an odd book for a man to make himself master of, who would get a reputation by his critical writings.

7. Separate from that which is regularly occupied; remaining unemployed. I will take some odd time to do this business. He may do it at odd times.

ODDITY, n.

1. Singularity; strangeness; as the oddity of dress, manners or shape; oddity of appearance.

2. A singular person; in colloquial language. This man is an oddity.

ODDLY, adv.

1. Not evenly. [Little used.]

2. Strangely; unusually; irregularly; singularly; uncouthly; as oddly dressed; oddly formed.

A figure oddly turned.

A black substance lying on the ground very oddly shaped.

ODDNESS, n.

1. The state of being not even.

2. Singularity; strangeness; particularity; irregularity; uncouthness; as the oddness of dress or shape; the oddness of an event or accident.

ODDS, n. s as z. [It is used both in the singular and plural.]

1. Inequality; excess of either compared with the other; difference in favor of one and against another.

Preeminent by so much odds.

In this example, much marks the singular number, and many cannot be used.

Cromwell, with odds of number and of fate -

All the odds between them has been the different scope given to their understandings to range in.

Judging is balancing an account and determining on which side the odds lie.

There appeared at least four to one odds against them.

2. Advantage; superiority.

3. Quarrel; dispute; debate.

It is odds, more likely than the contrary. It is odds that he will find a shrewd temptation.

At odds, in dispute; at variance; in controversy or quarrel.

That sets us all at odds.

Or they must always be at odds.

ODE, n. [L. ode; Gr.] A short poem or song; a poetical composition proper to be set to music or sung; a lyric poem. The ode is of the greater or less kind; the less is characterized by sweetness and ease; the greater by sublimity, rapture and quickness of transition.

Pindar has left Olympic odes, Pythian odes, Nemean odes, and Isthmian odes.

The ode consists of unequal verses in stanzas or strophes.

ODIOUS, a. [L. odiosus, from odi, I hated, Eng. hate.]

1. Hateful; deserving hatred. It expresses something less than detestable and abominable; as an odious name; odious vice.

All wickedness is odious.

2. Offensive to the senses; disgusting; as an odious sight; an odious smell.

3. Causing hate; invidious; as, to utter odious truth.

4. Exposed to hatred.

He rendered himself odious to the parliament.

ODIOUSLY, adv.

1. Hatefully; in a manner to deserve or excite hatred.

2. Invidiously; so as to cause hate.

ODIOUSNESS, n.

1. Hatefulness; the quality that deserves or may excite hatred; as the odiousness of sin.

2. The state of being hated. [Not usual.]

ODIUM, n. [L.]

1. Hatred; dislike. This measure brought a general odium on his government.

2. The quality that provokes hatred; offensiveness.

She threw the odium of the fact on me.

ODONTALGIC, a. [Gr. a tooth, and pain.] Pertaining to the tooth-ache.

ODONTALGIC, n. A remedy for the tooth-ache.

ODONTALGY, n. Tooth-ache.

ODOR, n. [L.] Smell; scent; fragrance; a sweet or an offensive smell; perfume.

ODORAMENT, n. [L. odoramentum.] A perfume; a strong scent.

ODORATE, a. [L. odoratus.] Scented; having a strong scent, fetid or fragrant.

ODORATING, a. Diffusing odor or scent; fragrant.

ODORIFEROUS, a. [L. odoriferus; odor and fero, to bear.]

1. Giving scent; diffusing fragrance; fragrant; perfumed; usually, sweet of scent; as odoriferous spices; odoriferous flowers.

2. Bearing scent; as odoriferous gales.

ODORIFEROUSNESS, n. The quality of diffusing scent; fragrance; sweetness of scent.

ODOROUS, a. Sweet of scent; fragrant.

ODOROUSNESS, n. Fragrance; the quality of diffusing scent, or of exciting the sensation of smell.

OECONOMICAL, OECONOMY, OEDEMATOUS, OESOPHAGUS. [See Economical, Economy, Edematous, Esophagus.]

OEILIAD, n. A glance; a wink.

OER, contracted from over, which see.

OF, prep. ov. [Gr.]

1. From or out of; proceeding from, as the cause, source, means, author or agent bestowing.

I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered to you. 1 Corinthians 11:23.

For it was of the Lord to harden their hearts. Joshua 11:20.

It is of the Lord’s mercies that we are not consumed. Lamentations 3:22.

The whole disposing thereof is of the Lord. Proverbs 16:33.

Go, inquire of the Lord for me. 2 Chronicles 34:21.

That holy thing that shall be born of thee. Luke 1:35.

Hence of is the sign of the genitive case, the case that denotes production; as the son of man, the son proceeding from man, produced from man. This is the primary sense, although we now say, produced by man. “Part of these were slain;” that is, a number separate, for part denotes a division; the sense then is, a number from or out of the whole were slain. So also, “some of these were slain;” that is, some from or out of others. “I have known him of old, or of a child;” that is, from old times, from a child. “He is of the race of kings;” that is, descended from kings. “He is of noble blood or birth, or of ignoble origin.” “No particle of matter, or no body can move of itself;” that is, by force or strength proceeding from itself, derived from itself.

“The quarrel is not now of fame and tribute, or of wrongs done;” that is, from fame or wrongs, as the cause, and we may render it concerning, about, relating to.

“Of this little he had some to spare;” that is, some from the whole. It may be rendered out of.

“Of all our heroes thou canst boast alone;” that is, thou alone from the number of heroes. This may be rendered among.

“The best of men, the most renowned of all;” that is, the best from the number of men, the most renowned from the whole; denoting primarily separation, like part.

“I was well entertained of the English Consul;” that is, entertained from the Consul; my entertainment was from the Consul. This use is obsolete, and we use by in lieu of it.

“This does of right belong to us;” that is, from right, de jure; our title proceeds from right.

“The chariot was all of cedar;” that is, made from cedar. So we say, made of gold, made of clay; an application corresponding with our modern use of from; manufactured from wool, or from raw materials. Hence we say, cloth consisting of wool. “This is a scheme of his own devising;” that is, from his own devising or device. “If any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God giveth;” that is, as from the ability, as the source of action.

“Of happy, he is become miserable;” that is, from happy; from being happy, he has passed to being miserable. “Of necessity this must prove ruinous;” that is, from necessity, as the cause or source. “Of a hundred take fifty;” that is, from a hundred, or out of a hundred, from among a hundred.

Of sometimes implies a part or share.

It is a duty to communicate of those blessings we have received.

From is then the primary sense of this preposition; a sense retained in off, the same word differently written for distinction. But this sense is appropriately lost in many of its applications; as a man of genius, a man of courage, a man of rare endowments, a fossil of a red color, or of a hexagonal figure. he lost all hope of relief. This is an affair of the cabinet. He is a man of decayed fortune. What is the price of corn? We say that of, in these and similar phrases, denotes property or possession, making of the sign of the genitive or possessive case. These applications, however, all proceeded from the same primary sense. That which proceeds from or is produced by a person, is naturally the property or possession of that person, as the son of John; and this idea of property in the course of time would pass to things not thus produced, but still bearing a relation to another thing. Thus we say, the father of a son, as well as the son of a father. In both senses, other languages also use the same word, as in the French de, de la, and Italian di, dell. Of then has one primary sense, from, departing, issuing, proceeding from or out of, and a derivative sense denoting possession or property.

OFF, a. auf. Most distant; as the off horse in a team.

OFF, adv. auf.

1. From, noting distance. The house is a mile off.

2. From, with the action of removing or separating; as, to take off the hat or cloke. So we say, to cut off, to pare off, to clip off, to peel off, to tear off, to march off, to fly off.

3. From, noting separation; as, the match is off.

4. From, noting departure, abatement, remission or a leaving. The fever goes off; the pain goes off.

5. In painting, it denotes projection or relief.

This comes off well and excellent.

6. From, a way; not towards; as, to look off; opposed to on or toward.

7. On the opposite side of a question.

The questions no way touch upon puritanism, either off or on.

Off hand, without study or preparation. She plays a tune off hand. He speaks fluently off hand.

Off and on, at one time applying and engaged, then absent or remiss.

To be off, in colloquial language, to depart or to recede from an agreement or design.

To come off, to escape, or to fare in the event.

1. To get off, to alight; to come down.

2. To make escape

1. To go off, to depart; to desert.

2. To take fire; to be discharged; as a gun.

Well off, ill off, badly off, having good or ill success.

OFF, prep.

1. Not on; as, to be off one’s legs. He was not off the bed the whole day.

2. Distant from; as about two miles off this town. [Not now used.]

OFF, as an exclamation, is a command to depart, either with or without contempt or abhorrence.

OFFAL, n.

1. Waste meat; the parts of an animal butchered which are unfit for use or rejected.

2. Carrion; coarse meat.

3. Refuse; that which is thrown away as of no value, or fit only for beasts.

4. Any thing of no value; rubbish.

OFFEND, v.t. [L. offendo; of and fendo, Obs. to strike, hit, meet, or thrust against. We use the simple verb in fend, to fend off, to fence.]

1. To attack; to assail. [Not used.]

2. To displease; to make angry; to affront. It expresses rather less than make angry, and without any modifying word, it is nearly synonymous with displease. We are offended by rudeness, incivility and harsh language. Children offend their parents by disobedience, and parents offend their children by unreasonable austerity or restraint.

The emperor was grievously offended with them who had kept such negligent watch.

A brother offended is harder to be won than a strong city. Proverbs 18:19.

3. To shock; to wound; as, to offend the conscience.

4. To pain; to annoy; to injure; as, a strong light offends weak eyes.

5. To transgress; to violate; as, to offend the laws. But we generally use the intransitive verb in this sense, with against; to offend against the law.

6. To disturb, annoy, or cause to fall or stumble.

Great peace have they that love thy law, and nothing shall offend them. Psalm 119:165.

7. To draw to evil, or hinder in obedience; to cause to sin or neglect duty.

If thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out - if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off. Matthew 5:29-30.

OFFEND, v.i.

1. To transgress the moral or divine law; to sin; to commit a crime.

Whoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, is guilty of all. James 2:10.

In many things we offend all. James 3:2.

2. To cause dislike or anger.

I shall offend, either to detain or to give it.

But this phrase is really elliptical, some person being understood.

3. To be scandalized; to be stumbled.

If meat make my brother to offend. 1 Corinthians 8:13.

1. To offend against, to act injuriously or unjustly.

Nor yet against Caesar have I offended any thing at all. Acts 25:8.

2. To transgress; to violate; as, to offend against the laws of society, the laws of God, or the rules of civility or propriety.

We have offended against the Lord already. 2 Chronicles 28:13.

OFFENDED, pp. Displeased.

OFFENDER, n. One that offends; one that violates any law, divine or human; a criminal; a trespasser; a transgressor; one that does an injury. The man who robs, steals, or commits an assault, is an offender.

OFFENDING, ppr. Displeasing; making angry; causing to stumble; committing sin.

OFFENDRESS, n. A female that offends.

OFFENSE, n. offens’. [L. offensus, offensa.]

1. Displeasure; anger, or moderate anger. He gave them just cause of offense. He took offense.

2. Scandal; cause of stumbling. Christ is called a stone of stumbling and rock of offense to both the houses of Israel. Isaiah 8:14.

3. Any transgression of law, divine or human; a crime; sin; act of wickedness or omission of duty.

Christ was delivered for our offenses, and raised again for our justification. Romans 4:25.

4. An injury.

I have given my opinion against the authority of two great men, but I hope without offense to their memories.

5. Attack; assault; as a weapon of offense.

6. Impediment. Matthew 16:23.

OFFENSEFUL, a. offens’ful. Giving displeasure; injurious. [Not used.]

OFFENSELESS, a. offens’less. Unoffending; innocent; inoffensive.

OFFENSIVE, a.

1. Causing displeasure or some degree of anger; displeasing. All sin is offensive to God. Rude behavior is offensive to men. Good breeding forbids us to use offensive words.

2. Disgusting; giving pain or unpleasant sensations; disagreeable; as an offensive taste or smell; an offensive sight. discordant sounds are offensive to the ears.

3. Injurious.

It is an excellent opener for the liver, but offensive to the stomach.

4. Assailant; used in attack; opposed to defensive; as an offensive weapon or engine.

5. Assailant; invading; making the first attack; opposed to defensive; as an offensive war.

A league offensive and defensive, is one that requires both or all parties to make war together against a nation, and each party to defend the other in case of being attacked.

OFFENSIVE, n. The part of attacking; as, to act on the offensive.

OFFENSIVELY, adv.

1. In a manner to give displeasure; as language offensively harsh or sarcastic.

2. Injuriously; mischievously.

3. By way of invasion or first attack. The enemy was not in a condition to act offensively.

4. Unpleasantly to the senses.

OFFENSIVENESS, n.

1. The quality that offends or displeases; as the offensiveness of rude language or behavior.

2. Injuriousness; mischief.

3. Cause of disgust; the quality that gives pain to the senses, or unpleasant sensations; as the offensiveness of smell or taste.

OFFER, v.t. [L. offero; ob and fero, to bring.]

1. Literally, to bring to or before; hence, to present for acceptance or rejection; to exhibit something that may be taken or received or not. He offered me a sum of money. He offered me his umbrella to defend me from the rain.

The heathen women under the Mogul, offer themselves to the flames at the death of their husbands.

2. To present in words; to proffer; to make a proposal to.

I offer thee three things. 2 Samuel 24:12.

3. To present, as an act of worship; to immolate; to sacrifice; often with up.

Thou shalt offer every day a bullock as a sin-offering for atonement. Exodus 29:36.

The one lamb shalt thou offer in the morning.

A holy priesthood to offer up spiritual sacrifices. 1 Peter 2:5.

4. To present in prayer or devotion.

Offer to God thanksgiving. Psalm 50:14.

5. To bid, as a price, reward or wages; as, to offer ten eagles for a ring; to offer a hundred dollars a year for a laborer; to offer a salary.

6. To present to the view or to the mind; as ideas which sense or reflection offers to the mind.

To offer violence, to assault; to attack or commence attack.

OFFER, v.i.

1. To present itself; to be at hand.

Th’ occasion offers and the youth complies.

2. To present verbally; to declare a willingness. He offered to accompany his brother.

3. To make an attempt.

We came close to the shore and offered to land.

Formerly with at.

I will not offer at that I cannot master. Obs.

OFFER, n.

1. A proposal to be accepted or rejected; presentation to choice. The prince made liberal offers, but they were rejected.

When offers are disdained, and love deny’d.

2. First advance.

Force compels this offer.

3. The act of bidding a price, or the sum bid. By an offer we manifest a desire to buy. When the seller declines accepting, he manifests that he thinks the offer not sufficient.

4. Attempt; endeavor; essay.

It is the power of every one to make some essay, some offer and attempt. [Nearly obsolete.]

OFFERABLE, a. That may be offered.

OFFERED, pp. Presented for acceptance or rejection; presented in worship or devotion; immolated; bid; presented to the eye or the mind.

OFFERER, n. One that offers; one that sacrifices or dedicates in worship.

OFFERING, ppr. Presenting; proposing; sacrificing; bidding; presenting to the eye or mind.

OFFERING, n. That which is presented in divine service; an animal or a portion of bread or corn, or of gold and silver, or other valuable articles, presented to God as an atonement for sin, or as a return of thanks for his favors, or for other religious purpose; a sacrifice; an oblation. In the Mosaic economy, there were burnt-offerings, sin-offerings, peace-offerings, trespass-offerings, thank-offerings, wave-offerings, and wood-offerings. Pagan nations also present offerings to their deities. Christ by the offering of himself has superseded the use of all other offerings, having made atonement for all men.

When thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed - Isaiah 53:10.

OFFERTORY, n. The act of offering, or the thing offered. [Little used.]

1. Offertory was properly an anthem chanted or a voluntary played on the organ during the offering and a part of the mass, in the Catholic church; but since the reformation it denotes certain sentences in the communion-office, read while the alms are collecting.

2. Anciently, the linen on which the offering was laid.

OFFERTURE, n. Offer; proposal. [Not used.]

OFFICE, n. [L. officium; ob and facio, to make or do.]

1. A particular duty, charge or trust conferred by public authority and for a public purpose; an employment undertaken by commission or authority from government or those who administer it. Thus we speak of the office of secretary of state, of treasurer, of a judge, of a sheriff, of a justice of the peace, etc. Offices are civil, judicial, ministerial, executive, legislative, political, municipal, diplomatic, military, ecclesiastical, etc.

2. A duty, charge or trust of a sacred nature, conferred by God himself; as the office of priest, in the Old Testament; and that of the apostles, in the New Testament.

Insomuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify my office. Romans 11:13.

3. Duty or employment of a private nature; as the office of a midwife. Exodus 1:16.

4. That which is performed, intended or assigned to be done by a particular thing, or that which any thing is fitted to perform; answering to duty in intelligent beings. We enjoy health when the several organs of the body perform their respective offices.

In this experiment, the several intervals of the teeth of the comb do the office of so many prisms.

5. Business; particular employment.

Hesperus, whose office is to bring twilight upon the earth.

6. Act of good or ill voluntarily tendered; usually in a good sense; as kind offices; offices of pity; pious offices.

7. Act of worship.

8. Formulary of devotion.

The Lord’s prayer, the ten commandments and the creed, is a very good office for children if they are not fitted for more regular offices.

9. A house or apartment in which public officers and others transact business; as the register’s office; a lawyer’s office.

10. In architecture, an apartment appropriated for the necessary business or occasions of a palace or nobleman’s house. The word is used also for a building pertaining to a farm.

11. In the canon law, a benefice which has no jurisdiction annexed to it.

12. The person or persons entrusted with particular duties of a public nature.

- This office [of quarter-master-general] not to have the disposal of public money, except small occasional sums.

OFFICE, v.t. To perform; to do; to discharge. [Not used.]

OFFICER, n. A person commissioned or authorized to perform any public duty. Officers are civil, military or ecclesiastical. There are great officers of state, and subordinate officers. Military and naval officers of the same grade usually take rank according to the dates of their commissions. Non-commissioned officers are nominated by their captains, and appointed by the commanding officers of regiments.

OFFICER, v.t. To furnish with officers; to appoint officers over.

Count Pulaski raised a legionary corps, which he officered principally with foreigners.

OFFICERED, pp. Furnished with officers.

OFFICIAL, a.

1. Pertaining to an office or public trust. The secretary is engaged in official duties.

2. Derived from the proper office or officer, or from the proper authority; made or communicated by virtue of authority; as an official statement or report. We have official intelligence of the battle.

3. Conducive by virtue of appropriate powers.

The stomach and other parts official to nutrition. [Unusual.]

OFFICIAL, n. An ecclesiastical judge appointed by a bishop, chapter, archdeacon, etc., with charge of the spiritual jurisdiction.

OFFICIALLY, adv. By the proper officer; by virtue of the proper authority; in pursuance of the special powers vested; as accounts or reports officially verified or rendered; letters officially communicated; persons officially notified.

OFFICIALTY, n. The charge or office of an official.

OFFICIATE, v.t.

1. To act as an officer in his office; to transact the appropriate business of an office or public trust. At this court the chief justice officiated.

The bishops and priests officiate at the altar.

2. To perform the appropriate official duties of another.

OFFICIATE, v.t. To give in consequence of office.

The stars officiate light. [Improper.]

OFFICIATING, ppr. Performing the appropriate duties of an office; performing the office of another.

OFFICINAL, a. [L. officina, a shop.]

Used in a shop or belonging to it. Officinal drugs, medicines and simples are such as are required to be constantly kept in the shops of apothecaries.

OFFICIOUS, a. [L. officiosus.]

1. Kind; obliging; doing kind offices.

Yet not to earth are those bright luminaries Officious.

2. Excessively forward in kindness; importunately interposing services.

You are too officious in her behalf that scorns your services.

3. Busy; intermeddling in affairs in which one has no concern.

OFFICIOUSLY, adv.

1. Kindly; with solicitous care.

Let thy goats officiously be nurs’d.

2. With importunate or excessive forwardness.

Flattering crowds officiously appear, to give themselves, not you, a happy year.

3. In a busy meddling manner.

OFFICIOUSNESS, n.

1. Eagerness to serve; usually, an excess of zeal to serve others, or improper forwardness, interposing in affairs without being desired, or with a disposition to meddle with the concerns of others.

2. Service. [Little used.]

OFFING, n. [from off.] That part of the sea which is at a good distance from the shore, or at a competent distance, where there is deep water and no need of a pilot. We saw a ship in the offing.

OFFSCOURING, n. [off and scour.] That which is scoured off; hence, refuse; rejected matter; that which is vile or despised. Lamentations 3:45; 1 Corinthians 4:13.

OFFSET, n. [off and set.]

1. A shoot; a sprout from the roots of a plant.

2. In surveying, a perpendicular let fall from the stationary lines to the hedge, fence or extremity of an inclosure.

3. In accounts, a sum, account or value set off against another sum or account, as an equivalent.

[This is also written set-off.]

OFFSET, v.t. To set one account against another; to make the account of one party pay the demand of another.

OFFSPRING, n. [off and spring.]

1. A child or children; a descendant or descendants, however remote from the stock. Acts 17:28; Revelation 22:16.

2. Propagation; generation.

3. Production of any kind.

OFFUSCATE, OFFUSCATION. [See Obfuscate, Obfuscation.]

OFFWARD, adv. [off and ward.] Leaning off, as a ship on shore.

OFT, adv. Often; frequently; not rarely. It was formerly used in prose and may be so used still; but is more generally used in poetry.

Oft she rejects, but never one offends.

OFTEN, adv. of’n. comp. oftener; superl. oftenset. Frequently; many times; not seldom.

OFTEN, a. of’n. Frequent. [Improper.]

OFTENNESS, n. of’nness. Frequency. [Not used.]

OFTENTIMES, adv. of’ntimes. [often and times.] Frequently; often; many times.

OFTTIMES, adv. [oft and times.] Frequently; often.

OG. [See Ogee.]

OGDOASTICH, n. [Gr. eighth, and a verse.] A poem of eight lines. [Little used.]

OGEE, n.

1. In architecture, a molding consisting of two members, the one concave, the other convex, or of a round and a hollow somewhat like an S.

2. In gunnery, an ornamental molding in the shape of an S, used on guns, mortars and howitzers.

OGGANITION, n. [L. obgannio, ogganio, to growl.]

The murmuring of a dog; a grumbling or snarling. [Not used.]

OGHAM, n. A particular kind of stenography or writing in cipher practiced by the Irish.

OGIVE, n. o’jiv. In architecture, an arch or branch of the Gothic vault, which passing diagonally from one angle to another forms a cross with the other arches. The middle where the ogives cross each other, is called the key. The members or moldings of the ogives are called nerves, branches or reins, and the arches which separate the ogives, double arches.

OGLE, v.t. [L. oculus. See Eye.]

To view with side glances, as in fondness or with design to attract notice.

And ogling all their audience, then they speak.

OGLE, n. A side glance or look.

OGLER, n. One that ogles.

OGLING, ppr. Viewing with side glances.

OGLING, n. The act of viewing with side glances.

OGLIO, now written olio, which see.

OGRE, OGRESS, n. An imaginary monster of the East.

OGRESS, n. In heraldry, a cannon ball of a black color.

OH, exclam. Denoting surprise, pain, sorrow or anxiety.

OIL, n. It seems to be named from its inflammability, for aelan, is to kindle, and to oil; hence anaelan, to anneal; aeled, fire. [L. oleum; Gr.]

An unctuous substance expressed or drawn from several animal and vegetable substances. The distinctive characters of oil are inflammability, fluidity, and insolubility in water. Oils are fixed or fat, and volatile or essential. They have a smooth feel, and most of them have little taste or smell. Animal oil is found in all animal substances. Vegetable oils are produced by expression, infusion or distillation.

OIL, v.t. To smear or rub over with oil; to lubricate with oil; to anoint with oil.

OIL-BAG, n. A bag, cyst or gland in animals containing oil.

OIL-COLOR, n. A color made by grinding a coloring substance in oil.

OILED, pp. Smeared or anointed with oil.

OILER, n. One who deals in oils and pickles.

OIL-GAS, n. Inflammable gas procured from oil, and used for lighting streets and apartments in buildings.

OILINESS, n. The quality of being oily; unctuousness; greasiness; a quality approaching that of oil.

OILING, ppr. Smearing or anointing with oil.

OILMAN, n. One who deals in oils and pickles.

OIL-NUT, n. The butternut of North America.

OIL-NUT, OIL-TREE, n. A plant, a species of Ricinus, the palma Christi, or castor, from which is procured castor oil.