Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary



EXTRAVASATION, n. The act of forcing or letting out of its proper vessels or ducts, as a fluid; the state of being forced or let out of its containing vessels; effusion; as an extravasation of blood after a rupture of the vessels.

EXTRAVENATE, a. [L. extra and vena, vein.]

Let out of the veins.

EXTRAVERSION, n. [L. extra and versio, a turning.] The act of throwing out; the state of being turned or thrown out. [Little used.]

EXTREAT, n. Extraction.

EXTREME, a. [L. extremus, last.] Outermost; utmost; farthest; at the utmost point, edge or border; as the extreme verge or point of a thing.

1. Greatest; most violent; utmost; as extreme pain, grief, or suffering; extreme joy or pleasure.

2. Last; beyond which there is none; as an extreme remedy.

3. Utmost; worst or best that can exist or be supposed; as an extreme case.

4. Most pressing; as extreme necessity.

Extreme unction, among the Romanists, is the anointing of a sick person with oil, when decrepit with age or affected with some mortal disease, and usually just before death. It is applied to the eyes, ears, nostrils, mouth, hands, feet and reins of penitents, and is supposed to represent the grace of God poured into the soul.

Extreme and mean proportion, in geometry, is when a line is so divided, that the whole line is to the greater segment, as the segment is to the less; or when a line is so divided, that the rectangle under the whole line and the lesser segment is equal to the square of the greater segment.

EXTREME, n. The utmost point or verge of a thing; that part which terminates a body; extremity.

1. Utmost point; furthest degree; as the extremes of heat and cold; the extremes of virtue and vice. Avoid extremes. Extremes naturally beget each other.

There is a natural progression from the extreme of anarchy to the extreme of tyranny.

2. In logic, the extremes or extreme terms of a syllogism are the predicate and subject. Thus, “man is an animal: Peter is a man, therefore Peter is an animal;” the word animal is the greater extreme, and man the medium.

3. In mathematics, the extremes are the first and last terms of a proportion; as, when three magnitudes are proportional, the rectangle contained by the extremes is equal contained by the extremes is equal to the square of the mean.

EXTREMELY, adv. In the utmost degree; to the utmost point. It is extremely hot or cold; it is extremely painful.

1. In familiar language, very much; greatly.

EXTREMITY, n. [L. extremitas.] The utmost point or side; the verge; the point or border that terminates a thing; as the extremities of a country.

1. The utmost parts. The extremities of the body, in painting and sculpture, are the head, hands and feet; but in anatomy, the term is applied to the limbs only.

2. The utmost point; the highest or furthest degree; as the extremity of pain or suffering; the extremity of cruelty. Even charity and forbearance may be carried to extremity.

3. Extreme or utmost distress, straits or difficulties; as a city besieged and reduced to extremity.

4. The utmost rigor or violence. The Greeks have endured oppression in its utmost extremity.

5. The most aggravated state.

The world is running after farce, the extremity of bad poetry.

EXTRICABLE, a. [infra.] That can be extricated.

EXTRICATE, v.t. [L. extrico. The primary verb trico is not in the Latin. We probably see its affinities in the Gr. hair, or a bush of hair, from interweaving, entangling. I suspect that three is contracted from this root; three for threg, folded, or a plexus. The same word occurs in intricate and intrigue; Eng. trick.]

1. Properly, to disentangle; hence, to free from difficulties or perplexities; to disembarrass; as, to extricate one from complicated business, from troublesome alliances or other connections; to extricate one’s self from debt.

2. To set out; to cause to be emitted or evolved.

EXTRICATED, pp. Disentangled; freed from difficulties and perplexities; disembarrassed; evolved.

EXTRICATING, ppr. Disentangling; disembarrassing; evolving.

EXTRICATION, n. The act of disentangling; a freeing from perplexities; disentanglement.

1. The act of sending out or evolving; as the extrication of heat or moisture from a substance.

EXTRINSIC, EXTRINSICAL, a. [L. extrinsecus.] External; outward; not contained in or belonging to a body. Mere matter cannot move without the impulse of an extrinsic agent. It is opposed to intrinsic.

EXTRINSICALLY, adv. From without; externally.

EXTRUCT, v.t. [L. extruo, extructus.] To build; to construct. [Not in use.]

EXTRUCTION, n. A building. [Not used.]

EXTRUCTIVE, a. Forming into a structure.

EXTRUCTOR, n. A builder; a fabricator; a contriver. [Not used.]

EXTRUDE, v.t. [L. extrudo; ex and trudo, to thrust.]

1. To thrust out; to urge, force or press out; to expel; as, to extrude a fetus.

2. To drive away; to drive off.

EXTRUDED, pp. Thrust out; driven out or away; expelled.

EXTRUDING, ppr. Thrusting out; driving out; expelling.

EXTRUSION, n. s as z. The act of thrusting or throwing out; a driving out; expulsion.

EXTUBERANCE, EXTUBERANCY, n. [L. extuberans, extubero; ev and tuber, a puff.]

1. In medicine, a swelling or rising of the flesh; a protuberant part.

2. A knob or swelling part of a body.

EXTUBERANT, a. Swelled; standing out.

EXTUBERATE, v.i. [L. extubero.] To swell. [Not in use.]

EXTUMESCENCE, n. [L. extumescens, extumesco; ex and tumesco, tumeo, to swell.] A swelling or rising. [Little used.]

EXUBERANCE, EXUBERANCY, n. [L. exuberans, exubero; ex and ubero, to fatten; uber, a pap or breast, that is, a swelling or mass.]

1. An abundance; an overflowing quantity; richness; as an exuberance of fertility or fancy.

2. Superfluous abundance; luxuriance.

3. Overgrowth; superfluous shoots, as of trees.

EXUBERANT, a. Abundant; plenteous; rich; as exuberant fertility; exuberant goodness.

1. Over-abundant; superfluous; luxuriant.

2. Pouring forth abundance; producing in plenty; as exuberant spring.

EXUBERANTLY, adv. Abundantly; very copiously; in great plenty; to a superfluous degree. The earth has produced exuberantly.

EXUBERATE, v.i. [L. exubero.] To abound; to be in great abundance. [Little used.]

EXUDATE, EXUDE, v.t. and i. [See Exsude, the preferable orthography.]

EXUDATION, n. [See Exsudation.]

EXUDED, pp. [See Exsuded.]

EXUDING, ppr. [See Exsuding.]

EXULCERATE, v.t. [L. exulcero; ex and ulcero, to ulcerate, ulcus, an ulcer.]

1. To cause or produce an ulcer or ulcers.

2. To afflict; to corrode; to fret or anger.

EXULCERATE, v.i. To become an ulcer or ulcerous.

EXULCERATED, pp. Affected with ulcers; having become ulcerous.

EXULCERATING, ppr. Producing ulcers on; fretting; becoming ulcerous.

EXULCERATION, n. The act of causing ulcers on a body, or the process of becoming ulcerous; the beginning erosion which wears away the substance and forms an ulcer.

1. A fretting; exacerbation; corrosion.

EXULCERATORY, a. Having a tendency to form ulcers.

EXULT, v.i. egzult’. [L. exulto; ex and salto, salio, to leap.]

Properly, to leap for joy; hence, to rejoice in triumph; to rejoice exceedingly, at success or victory; to be glad above measure; to triumph. It is natural to man to exult at the success of his schemes, and to exult over a fallen adversary.

EXULTANCE, EXULTANCY, n. Exultation. [Not used.]

EXULTANT, a. Rejoicing triumphantly.

EXULTATION, n. The act of exulting; lively joy at success or victory, or at any advantage gained; great gladness; rapturous delight; triumph. Exultation usually springs from the gratification of our desire of some good; particularly of distinction or superiority, or of that which confers distinction. It often springs from the gratification of pride or ambition. But exultation may be a lively joy springing from laudable causes.

EXULTING, ppr. Rejoicing greatly or in triumph.

EXUNDATE, v.i. To overflow. [Not used.]

EXUNDATION, n. [L. exundatio, from exundo, to overflow; ex and undo, to rise in waves, unda, a wave.]

An overflowing abundance. [Little used.]

EXUPERATE, v.t. To excel; to surmount. [Not used, nor its derivatives.]

EXUSTION, n. [L. exustus.] The act or operation of burning up.

EXUVLAE, n. plu. [L.] Cast skins, shells or coverings of animals; any parts of animals which are shed or cast off, as the skins of serpents and caterpillars, the shells of lobsters. etc.

1. The spoils or remains of animals found in the earth, supposed to be deposited there at the deluge, or in some great convulsion or change which the earth has undergone, in past periods.

EY, in old writers, Sax. ig, signifies an isle.

EYAS, n. A young hawk just taken from the nest, not able to prey for itself.

EYAS, a. Unfledged. [Not used.]

EYAS-MUSKET, n. A young unfledged male hawk of the musket kind or sparrow hawk.

EYE, n. pronounced as I. [L. oculus, a diminutive. The old English plural was eyen, or eyne.]

1. The organ of sight or vision; properly, the globe or ball movable in the orbit. The eye is nearly of a spherical figure, and composed of coats or tunics. But in the term eye, we often or usually include the ball and the parts adjacent.

2. Sight; view; ocular knowledge; as, I have a man now in my eye. In this sense, the plural is more generally used.

Before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you. Galatians 3:1.

3. Look; countenance.

I’ll say yon gray is not the morning’s eye.

4. Front; face.

Her shall you hear disproved to your eyes.

5. Direct opposition; as, to sail in the wind’s eye.

6. Aspect; regard; respect; view.

Booksellers mention with respect the authors they have printed, and consequently have an eye to their own advantage.

7. Notice; observation; vigilance; watch.

After this jealousy, he kept a strict eye upon him.

8. View of the mind; opinion formed by observation or contemplation.

It hath, in their eye, no great affinity with the form of the church of Rome.

9. Sight; view, either in a literal or figurative sense.

10. Something resembling the eye in form; as the eye of a peacock’s feather.

11. A small hole or aperture; a perforation; as the eye of a needle.

12. A small catch for a hook; as we say, hooks and eyes. in nearly the same sense, the word is applied to certain fastenings in the cordage of ships.

13. The bud of a plant; a shoot.

14. A small shade of color. [Little used.]

Red with an eye of blue makes a purple.

15. The power of perception.

The eyes of your understanding being enlightened. Ephesians 1:18.

16. Oversight; inspection.

The eye of the master will do more work than both his hands.

The eyes of a ship, are the parts which lie near the hawse-holes, particularly in the lower apartments.

To set the eyes on, is to see; to have a sight of.

To find favor in the eyes, is to be graciously received and treated.

EYE, n. A brood; as an eye of pheasants.
EYE, v.t. To fix the eye on; to look on; to view; to observe; particularly, to observe or watch narrowly, or with fixed attention.

Eye nature’s walks, shoot folly as it flies.

EYE, v.i. To appear; to have an appearance.

EYEBALL, n. The ball, globe or apple of the eye.

EYEBEAM, n. A glance of the eye.

EYEBOLT, n. In ships, a bar or iron or bolt, with an eye, formed to be driven into the deck or sides, for the purpose of hooking tackles to.

EYEBRIGHT, n. A genus of plants, the Euphrasia, of several species.

EYE-BRIGHTENING, n. A clearing of the sight.

EYEBROW, n. The brow or hairy arch above the eye.

EYED, pp. Viewed; observed; watched.

1. Having eyes; used in composition, as a dull-eyed man, ox-eyed Juno.

EYEDROP, n. A tear.

EYEGLANCE, n. A glance of the eye; a rapid look.

EYEGLASS, n. A glass to assist the sight; spectacles.

In telescopes, the glass next the eye; and where there are several, all except the object glass are called eye-glasses.

EYE-GLUTTNIG, n. A feasting of the eyes. [Not in use.]

EYELASH, n. The line of hair that edges the eyelid.

EYELESS, a. Wanting eyes; destitute of sight.

EYELET, n. A small hole or perforation, to receive a lace or small rope or cord. We usually say, eyelet-hole.

EYELIAD, n. A glance of the eye.

EYELID, n. The cover of the eye; that portion of movable skin with which an animal covers the eyeball, or uncovers it, at pleasure.

EYE-OFFENDING, a. That hurts the eyes.

EYE-PLEASING, a. Pleasing the eye.

EYER, n. One who eyes another.

EYE-SALVE, n. Ointment for the eye.

EYE-SERVANT, n. A servant who attends to his duty only when watched, or under the eye of his master or employer.

EYE-SERVICE, n. Service performed only under inspection or the eye of an employer.

Not with eye-service, as men-pleasers; but in singleness of heart, fearing God. Colossians 3:22.

EYESHOT, n. Sight; view; glance of the eye.

EYESIGHT, n. The sight of the eye; view; observation. Psalm 18:24.

Josephus sets this down from his own eyesight.

1. The sense of seeing. His eyesight fails.

EYESORE, n. Something offensive to the eye or sight.

Mordecai was an eyesore to Haman.

EYESPLICE, n. In seaman’s language, a sort of eye or circle at the end of a rope.

EYESPOTTED, a. Marked with spots like eyes.

EYESTONE, n. A small calcarious stone used for taking substance from between the lid and ball of the eye.

EYESTRING, n. The tendon by which the eye is moved.

EYETOOTH, n. A tooth under the eye; a pointed tooth in the upper jaw next to the grinders, called also a canine tooth; a fang.

EYEWINK, n. A wink, or motion of the eyelid; a hint or token.

EYE-WITNESS, n. One who sees a thing done; one who has ocular view of any thing.

We were eye-witnesses of his majesty. 2 Peter 1:16.

EYOT, n. A little isle.

EYRE, n. ire. [L. iter.] Literally, a journey or circuit. In England, the justices in eyre were itinerant judges, who rode the circuit to hold courts in the different counties.

1. A court of itinerant justices.

EYRY, n. The place where birds of prey construct their nests and hatch. It is written also eyrie. [See Aerie.]

The eagle and the stork

On cliffs and cedar-tops their eyries build.