Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary



ENLARGEMENT, n. Increase of size or bulk, real or apparent; extension of dimensions or limits; augmentation; dilatation; expansion. The enlargement of bulk may be by accretion or addition; of dimensions, by spreading, or by additions to length and breadth; of a sum or amount, by addition, collection or accumulation.

1. Expansion or extension, applied to the mind, to knowledge, or to the intellectual powers, by which the mind comprehends a wider range of ideas or thought.

2. Expansion of the heart, by which it becomes more benevolent and charitable.

3. Release from confinement, servitude, distress or straits. Esther 4:14.

4. Diffusiveness of speech or writing; an expatiating on a particular subject; a wide range of discourse or argument.

ENLARGER, n. He or that which enlarges, increases, extends or expands; an amplifier.

ENLARGING, ppr. Increasing in bulk; extending in dimension; expanding; making free or liberal; speaking diffusively.

ENL`ARGING, n. Enlargement.

ENLIGHT, v.t. enli’te. To illuminate; to enlighten.

[See Enlighten. Enlight is rarely used.]

ENLIGHTEN, v.t. enli’tn. [from light.]

1. To make light; to shed light on; to supply with light; to illuminate; as, the sun enlightens the earth.

His lightnings enlightened the world. Psalm 97:4.

2. To quicken in the faculty of vision; to enable to see more clearly.

Jonathan’s--eyes were enlightened. 1 Samuel 14:27.

3. To give light to; to give clearer views; to illuminate; to instruct; to enable to see or comprehend truth; as, to enlighten the mind or understanding.

4. To illuminate with divine knowledge, or a knowledge of the truth.

Those who were once enlightened. Hebrews 6:4.

ENLIGHTENED, pp. Rendered light; illuminated; instructed; informed; furnished with clear views.

ENLIGHTENER, n. One who illuminates; he or that which communicates light to the eye, or clear views to the mind.

ENLIGHTENING, ppr. Illuminating; giving light to; instructing.

ENLINK, v.t. [from link.] To chain to; to connect.

ENLIST, v.t. [See List.] To enroll; to register; to enter a name on a list.

1. To engage in public service, by entering the name in a register; as, an officer enlists men.

ENLIST, v.i. To engage in public service, by subscribing articles, or enrolling one’s name.

ENLISTMENT, n. The act of enlisting; the writing by which a soldier is bound.

ENLIVEN, v.t. enli’vn. [from life, live.] Literally, to give life. Hence,

1. To give action or motion to; to make vigorous or active; to excite; as, fresh fuel enlivens a fire.

2. To give spirit or vivacity to; to animate; to make sprightly. social mirth and good humor enliven company; they enliven the dull and gloomy.

3. To make cheerful, gay or joyous.

ENLIVENED, pp. Made more active; excited; animated; made cheerful or gay.

ENLIVENER, n. He or that which enlivens or animates; he or that which invigorates.

ENLIVENING, ppr. Giving life, spirit or animation; inspiriting; invigorating; making vivacious, springtly or cheerful.

ENLUMINE, v.t. To illumine; to enlighten. [See the latter words.]

ENMARBLE, v.t. To make hard as marble; to harden.

ENMESH, v.t. [from mesh.] To net; to entangle to entrap.


1. The quality of being an enemy; the opposite of friendship; ill will; hatred; unfriendly dispositions; malevolence. It expresses more than aversion and less than malice, and differs from displeasure in denoting a fixed or rooted hatred, whereas displeasure is more transient.

I will put enmity between thee and the woman. Genesis 3:15.

The carnal mind is enmity against God. Romans 8:7.

2. A state of opposition.

The friendship of the world is enmity with God. James 4:4.

ENNEACONTAHEDRAL, a. Having ninety faces.

ENNEAGON, n. [Gr. nine, an angle.] In geometry, a polygon or figure with nine sides or nine angles.

ENNEANDER, n. [Gr. nine, a male.] In botany, a plant having nine stamens.

ENNEANDRIAN, a. Having nine stamens.

ENNEAPETALOUS, a. [Gr. nine, a leaf.] Having nine petals or flower-leaves.

ENNEATICAL, a. [Gr. nine.] Enneatical days, are every ninth day of a disease. Enneatical years, are every ninth year of a man’s life.

ENNEW, v.t. To make new. [Not in use.]


1. To make noble; to raise to nobility; as, to ennoble a commoner.

2. To dignify; to exalt; to aggrandize; to elevate in degree, qualities or excellence.

What can ennoble sots, or slaves, or cowards?

3. To make famous or illustrious.

ENNOBLED, pp. Raised to the rank of nobility; dignified; exalted in rank, excellence or value.

ENNOBLEMENT, n. The act of advancing to nobility.

1. Exaltation; elevation in degree or excellence.

ENNOBLING, ppr. Advancing to the rank of a nobleman; exalting; dignifying.

ENNUI, n. Weariness; heaviness; lassitude of fastidiousness.

ENODATION, n. [L. enodatio, from enodo, to clear from knots; e and nodus, a knot.]

1. The act or operation of clearing of knots, or of untying.

2. Solution of a difficulty. [Little used.]

ENODE, a. [L. enodis; e and nodus, knot.] In botany, destitute of knots or joints; knotless.

ENOMOTARCH, n. The commander of an enomoty.

ENOMOTY, n. [Gr. to swear.] In Lacedaemon, anciently, a body of soldiers, supposed to be thirty two; but the precise number is uncertain.

ENORM, a. [Not used. See Enormous.]

ENORMITY, n. [L. enormitas. See Enormous.]

1. Literally, the transgression of a rule, or deviation from right. Hence, any wrong, irregular, vicious or sinful act, either in government or morals.

We shall speak of the enormities of the government.

This law will not restrain the enormity.

1. Atrocious crime; flagitious villainy; a crime which exceeds the common measure.

2. Atrociousness; excessive degree of crime or guilt. Punishment should be proportioned to the enormity of the crime.

ENORMOUS, a. [L. enormis; e and norma, a rule.]

1. Going beyond the usual measure or rule.

Enormous in their gait.

2. Excursive; beyond the limits of a regular figure.

The enormous part of the light in the circumference of every lucid point.

3. Great beyond the common measure; excessive; as enormous crime or guilt.

4. Exceeding, in bulk or highth, the common measure; as an enormous form; a man of enormous size.

5. Irregular; confused; disordered; unusual.

ENORMOUSLY, adv. Excessively; beyond measure; as an opinion enormously absurd.

ENORMOUSENESS, n. The state of being enormous or excessive; greatness beyond measure.

ENOUGH, a. enuf’. [Heb. to rest, to be quiet or satisfied.]

That satisfies desire, or gives content; that may answer the purpose; that is adequate to the wants.

She said, we have straw and provender enough. Genesis 24:25.

How many hired servants of my father have bread enough, and to spare. Luke 15:17.

[Note. This word, in vulgar language, is sometimes placed before its noun, like most other adjectives. But in elegant discourse or composition, it always follows the noun, to which it refers; as, bread enough; money enough.]

ENOUGH, n. enuf’. A sufficiency; a quantity of a thing which satisfies desire, or is adequate to the wants. We have enough of this sort of cloth.

And Esau said, I have enough, my brother. Genesis 33:9.

Israel said, it is enough; Joseph is yet alive. Genesis 45:28.

1. That which is equal to the powers or abilities. He had enough to do to take care of himself.

ENOUGH, adv. enuf’. Sufficiently; in a quantity or degree that satisfies, or is equal to the desires or wants.

The land, behold, it is large enough for them. Genesis 34:21.

Ye have dwelt long enough in this mount. Deuteronomy 1:6.

1. Fully; quite; denoting a slight augmentation of the positive degree. He is ready enough to embrace the offer. It is pleasure enough to consider the different notions of different men respecting the same thing.

2. Sometimes it denotes diminution, delicately expressing rather less than is desired; such a quantity or degree as commands acquiescence, rather than full satisfaction. The song or the performance is well enough.

3. An exclamation denoting sufficiency. Enough, enough, I’ll hear no more.

ENOUNCE, v.t. enouns’. [L. enuncio; e and nuncio, to declare.]

To utter; to pronounce; to declare. [Little used.]

ENOUNCED, pp. Uttered; pronounced.

ENOUNCING, ppr. Uttering; pronouncing.

ENOW, the old plural of enough, is nearly obsolete.

EN PASSANT. In passing; by the way.

ENQUICKEN, v.t. To quicken; to make alive. [Not used.]

ENQUIRE, usually written inquire, which see and its derivatives.

ENRACE, v.t. To implant. [Not used.]

ENRAGE, v.t. To excite rage in; to exasperate; to provoke to fury or madness; to make furious.

ENRAGED, pp. Made furious; exasperated; provoked to madness.

ENRAGING, ppr. Exasperating; provoking to madness.

ENRANGE, v.t. To put in order; to rove over. [Not in use.]

ENRANK, v.t. To place in ranks or order.

ENRAPTURE, v.t. [from rapture.] To transport with pleasure; to delight beyond measure. Enrapt, in a like sense, is little used, and is hardly legitimate.

ENRAPTURED, pp. Transported with pleasure; highly delighted.

ENRAPTURING, ppr. Transporting with pleasure; highly delighting.

ENRAVISH, v.t. [from ravish.] To throw into ecstasy; to transport with delight; to enrapture.

ENRAVISHED, pp. Transported with delight or pleasure; enraptured.

ENRAVISHING, ppr. Throwing into ecstasy; highly delighting.

ENRAVISHMENT, n. Ecstasy of delight; rapture.

ENREGISTER, v.t. To register; to enroll or record.

ENRHEUM, v.i. To have rheum through cold.

ENRICH, v.t.

1. To make rich, wealthy or opulent; to supply with abundant property. Agriculture, commerce and manufactures enrich a nation. War and plunder seldom enrich, more generally they impoverish a country.

2. To fertilize; to supply with the nutriment of plants and render productive; as, to enrich land by manures or irrigation.

3. To store; to supply with an abundance of any thing desirable; as, to enrich the mind with knowledge, science or useful observations.

4. To supply with any thing splendid or ornamental; as, to enrich a pointing with elegant drapery; to enrich a poem or oration with striking metaphors or images; to enrich a garden with flowers or shrubbery.

ENRICHED, pp. Made rich or wealthy; fertilized; supplied with that which is desirable, useful or ornamental.

ENRICHER, n. One that enriches.

ENRICHING, ppr. Making opulent; fertilizing; supplying with what is splendid, useful or ornamental.

ENRICHMENT, n. Augmentation of wealth; amplification; improvement; the addition of fertility or ornament.

ENRIDGE, v.t. enrij’. To form into ridges.

ENRING, v.t. To encircle; to bind.

ENRIPEN, v.t. To ripen; to bring to perfection.

ENRIVE, v.t. To rive; to cleave.

ENROBE, v.t. [from robe.] To clothe with rich attire; to attire; to invest.

ENROBED, pp. Attired; invested.

ENROBING, ppr. Investing; attiring.

ENROLL, v.t.

1. To write in a roll or register; to insert a name or enter in a list or catalogue; as, men are enrolled for service.

2. To record; to insert in records; to leave in writing.

3. To wrap; to involve.

ENROLLED, pp. Inserted in a roll or register; recorded.

ENROLLER, n. He that enrolls or registers.

ENROLLING, ppr. Inserting in a register; recording.

ENROLLMENT, n. A register; a record; a writing in which any thing is recorded.

1. The act of enrolling.

ENROOT, v.t. [from root.] To fix by the root; to fix fast; to implant deep.

ENROOTED, pp. Fixed by the root; planted or fixed deep.

ENROOTING, ppr. Fixing by the root; planting deep.

ENROUND, v.t. To environ; to surround; to inclose. [Not used.]

ENS, n. [L. ens, part. present of esse, to be.]

Entity; being; existence. Among the old chimists, the power, virtue or efficacy, which certain substances exert on our bodies; or the things which are supposed to contain all the qualities or virtues of the ingredients they are drawn from, in little room. [little used.]

ENSAMPLE, n. [L. exemplum.] An example; a pattern or model for imitation.

Being ensamples to the flock. 1 Peter 5:3.

ENSAMPLE, v.t. To exemplify; to shew by example. This word is seldom used, either as a noun or a verb. [See Example.]

ENSANGUINE, v.t. [L. sanguis, blood; Eng. sanguine.]

To stain or cover with blood; to smear with gore; as an ensanguined field.

ENSANGUINED, pp. Suffused or stained with blood.

ENSATE, a. [L. ensis, a sword.] Having sword-shaped leaves.

ENSCHEDULE, v.t. To insert in a schedule. [See Schedule.]

ENSCONCE, v.t. enscons’. [from sconce.]

To cover, or shelter, as with a sconce or fort; to protect; to secure.

I will ensconce me behind the arras.

ENSCONCED, pp. Covered, or sheltered, as by a sconce or fort; protected; secured.

ENSCONCING, ppr. covering, or sheltering, as by a fort.

ENSEAL, v.t. [from seal.] To seal; to fix a seal on; to impress.

ENSEALED, pp. Impressed with a seal.

ENSEALING, ppr. Sealing; affixing a seal to.

ENSEALING, n. The act of affixing a seal to.

ENSEAM, v.t. [from seam.] To sew up; to inclose by a seam or juncture of needlework.

ENSEAMED, a. Greasy. [Not in use.]

ENSEAR, v.t. [from sear.] To sear; to cauterize; to close or stop by burning to hardness.

ENSEARCH, v.i. enserch’. To search for; to try to find. [Not used.]

ENSEMBLE, n. One with another; on an average.