The Conditionalist Faith of Our Fathers, vol. 1

PART II (Chapters 11-28)

New Testament Evidence
11. Christ’s Infallible Testimony of Life Versus Death183
   I. Definitive Testimony of Jesus, Supreme Witness of All Time183
      1. Jesus Christ—Star Witness of All Time183
      2. Fatal Clash Comes Over Man’s Destiny184
   II. Transcendent Scope and Significance of Incarnation185
      1. Master Key to All Redemptive History185
      2. Becoming Man, He Retains Humanity Forever186
      3. Retains Only Scars of Sin in Universe187
      4. Purpose of Incarnation Was Fivefold188
   III. Eternal Life—Throbbing Heart of John’s Gospel Story188
      1. From Bleakness of Sin to Radiance of Salvation189
      2. New Testament a New Revelation of Life189
      3. Brought About by New Spiritual Ingeneration190
   IV. Two Progenitors, Two Births, Two Contrasting Destinies191
      1. Significance and Scope of the Term “Life”191
      2. Natural Dying Life; Supernatural Endless Life193
      3. Nicodemus the Pharisee Held to Innate Immortality193
      4. “Living Water” Springing Up Unto “Everlasting Life”195
      5. Central Doctrine of John’s Gospel196
      6. Controversy Over Bread From Heaven and Resurrection197
      7. Jewish Challenge of Advent, Resurrection, Damnation197
      8. Blinded by Platonism Jews Reject Life-Truth198
      9. Many Followers Turn Away Because of Claims199
   V. Rejection Comes Over Amazing “Zoe-Life” Claims200
      1. Conflict Develops Into Supreme Crisis200
      2. Again Sought to Stone Him Because of Claims201
      3. Miraculous Raising of Lazarus From Death202
      4. Burden of Christ’s High Priestly Prayer204
      5. “Life Solely in Christ” John’s Paramount Theme205
      6. Contingent Immortality Gives Honor to Christ205
12. Coordinates All Aspects of Life, Death, and Destiny207
   I. Significance of Christ’s Life and Death in Plan of Redemption207
      1. Christ—Revealer of God and Redeemer of Man207
      2. Life-giving Scope and Significance of Christ’s Death208
      3. Christ’s Death Summit of Sacrifice for Man210
      4. Rejection of Christ’s Redemptive Provisions Supreme Sin211
   II. Pivotal Place of Christ’s Teachings on Life, Death, and Destiny211
      1. Proclamation of Truth and Confutation of Error212
      2. Key to Understanding Conflicts of Centuries213
   III. Sets Pattern for Eschatological and Chronological Sequence214
      1. Prophetic Repetition for Emphasis and Amplification217
      2. Repetition—Clearly Established Pattern of Prophecy217
      3. First Coverage Leads Up to the “End”218
      4. Second Coverage Likewise Leads to Advent219
      5. Celestial Signs Are Chronologically Placed219
      6. “Hour” Not Known, Imminence Can Be Known220
   IV. Transcendent Events Mark “End of the World”221
      1. Preparatory Events, Coming in Glory, Final Separations221
      2. “Wheat” Into God’s Garner; “Tares” Into Fire222
   V. Apostles’ Descriptions Agree With Christ’s223
      1. Second Advent Ushers In “Day of the Lord”223
      2. Second Advent Is Day of Separation224
      3. Eternal Results of Final Reaping224
   VI. “Sleep” of Death Followed by Resurrection “Awakening”225
      1. Christ and Paul Both Employ Metaphor of Sleep226
      2. No Conscious Lapse of Time Between Death and Resurrection227
      3. Premise of “Sleep” Only Way of Understanding Paul228
      4. Sleeping Dead Do Not Precede the Living229
      5. Intent of the “Quick” and the “Dead”229
   VII. The Resurrection Provision Pivotal in Christ’s Teaching230
      1. Christ’s Resurrection Prerequisite to Ours230
      2. Resurrection Is of the Whole Person231
      3. Certitude of Resurrection Rests on Christ’s Infallible Word232
      4. Not Uninterrupted Survival but Resurrection233
13. Christ’s Great Parable of the Lost Opportunity234
   I. Problem Text (Luke 16:19-31): Parable-Fable of Dives and Lazarus234
      1. Clearly One of Christ’s Many Parables235
      2. Uttered When Jews Derided His Teachings237
   II. Significant Place of Parables in Christ’s Teaching237
      1. “Parable” and “Fable,” Definitions and Distinctions237
      2. Parabolic Method Adopted to Circumvent Prejudice239
      3. Revealed to Disciples; Concealed From Hostile Jews240
      4. Number and Scope of Christ’s Parables241
      5. Parables Not a Sound Basis for Doctrine241
   III. Doctrinal Dogmas of Pharisees in Time of Christ242
      1. Platonic Postulates Embraced by Time of Christ242
      2. Paralleling Allegories in OT Imagery243
      3. Not Biographical Sketch but Parabolic Fable243
   IV. Christ’s Great Parable of the Lost Opportunity245
      1. Rejoicing in Heaven: Resentment by Pharisees245
      2. Logical Climax of “Lost Opportunity” Parable246
   V. Salient Points and Perplexing Problems Outlined247
      1. Terse Outline of the Parable247
      2. Key Terms and Expressions Examined248
      3. Sufficiency of Scripture, Unwillingness to Believe250
14. Gravity of Ascribing False Teachings to Christ252
   I. Josephus Illuminates Dives-Lazarus Story252
      1. Representative Character of Josephus’ Depiction252
      2. Multiple Features of Hades Described254
      3. “Just” Guided by “Angels” to “Bosom of Abraham”254
      4. “Unjust” Dragged to “Neighborhood” of Hell255
      5. Impassable Gulf Separates the Two Groups255
      6. Eternal Torment for Wicked After Judgment256
      7. Deflecting Inroads in Inter-Testamental Period257
      8. Advocates Inject Unwarranted Additions258
   II. Literalism Violates Consistency; Vitiates Christ’s Witness, Overturns Scripture Testimony259
      1. Scofield Makes Passage Wholly Literal259
      2. Inconsistencies Involved in Literal Interpretation260
      3. Literalism Contradicts Christ’s Explicit Declarations261
      4. Literalism Contradicts Inspired Revelation’s Dictums262
   III. Gravity of Ascribing False Teaching to Christ, Embodiment of Truth263
      1. Use of Parable Not Endorsement of Its Theology263
      2. Gravity of Implied Charges Against Christ263
      3. Makes Christ Guilty of Purveying Error and Perversion264
      4. Demands of Resurrection Brought On Crisis264
   IV. Major Area of Disagreement Between Christ and Pharisees265
      1. Differences as Opposite as Light and Darkness265
      2. Christ Must Not Be Arrayed Against Christ266
   V. Conclusion: Immortal Soulism Collapses Under Scrutiny268
      1. Fourfold Case Against Popular Contention268
      2. Specific Counts Against Acceptance Are Determinative269
15. Christ’s Majestic Answer to the Penitent’s Plea270
   I. Problem Text (Luke 23:43): Penitent Thief—”Today” and “Paradise”270
      1. Setting of This Amazing Episode270
      2. Acquainted With Christ’s Claims and Offers272
      3. What, Where, and When Is “Paradise”?272
   II. Three “Heavens and Earths”—Past, Present, Future273
      1. No Conflict Between Peter’s and Paul’s Versions274
      2. Paradise of First Earth Restored in Third Earth274
   III. Penitent Neither in Kingdom Nor in Paradise That Day275
      1. Did Not Die on Same Day275
      2. “Together” That Day Only on Adjoining Crosses275
      3. Jesus Went to the Grave, Not to Paradise, That Day276
      4. Not in Heaven During “Three Days and Nights”277
   IV. Meaning Completely Altered by Position of Comma278
      1. Punctuation Constitutes Exegesis—Right or Wrong278
      2. Placing of Comma Determines Meaning279
   V. Determining Evidences on the Technical Side279
      1. Punctuation Based Entirely on Human Authority280
      2. Punctuation Not Introduced Till Time of Renaissance280
      3. Relationship of Greek Adverb “Semeron” to Problem281
   VI. Most Sublime Episode of Christ’s Redemptive Career282
      1. Recognized in Jesus the Coming King283
      2. Symbol of Multitudes in Earth’s Eleventh Hour284
      3. Problem Removed by Shift of Comma284
      4. Beware of Putting Falsehood on Lips of Christ284
16. Christ Portrays Doom of Wicked as Utter Destruction286
   I. Seventeen Graphic Illustrations of Doom of Wicked286
      1. Six Illustrations From Inanimate Life286
      2. Second Group Based on Human Life287
      3. All Portray Total and Final Extinction287
   II. Christ’s Meaning of “Eternal” Fire, Punishment, Damnation288
      1. Meaning Determined by Noun to Which Attached289
      2. Divine Actions or Activities May Be Terminable290
   III. Christ’s Explicit Teachings on “Hell” Examined291
      1. Two Terms Used by Christ291
      2. Christ’s Specific Teachings on Gehenna292
      3. Explanatory Notes on the Seven Texts293
      4. Inspired Key to Expression “Eternal Fire”294
      5. Not Misery but “Destruction” Is Eternal295
   IV. “Hades”—True Understanding Based on NT Usage, Not Pagan-Romanist297
      1. Pagan Origin and Influence of “Hades”297
      2. English Translations Molded by Romanist Backgrounds297
      3. Hades Connected With Death, Never With Life298
      4. Hades Clearly the Grave, or Gravedom298
      5. All Souls Remain in Gravedom Until Resurrection299
      6. Gravedom: Place of Repose Throughout Death-Sleep300
   V. Problem Text (Mark 9:43-48): “Their Worm Dieth Not”300
   VI. Sin’s Punishment Does Not Continue Through All Eternity301
17. Theologian Paul on Life, Death, and Immortality303
   I. “Christ Our Life” Is Post-Pentecostal Theme303
      1. Proclaimed First to Jews, Then to Gentiles303
      2. Paul Preaches With Futility to Platonic Athenians305
      3. Romans: Immortality a Gift Through Christ305
      4. 1 Corinthians: Immortality Must Be “Put On”306
      5. 2 Corinthians: Central Theme Christ Our Life308
      6. “Eternal Life” Theme Runs Through Remaining Epistles309
      7. Peter, James, and Jude Give Same Emphasis310
   II. Heart of Pauline Theology—Gift of Life Instead of Destruction310
      1. Redemption of Man Brings Life and Immortality310
      2. Tremendous Scope of Salvation311
      3. Opening Message Is on Eschatology311
      4. Punishment of Wicked Is Total Destruction313
   III. Places All Messages in Graphic Eschatological Setting314
      1. Second Advent Involves Resurrection and Translation314
      2. “Day of the Lord” Brings “Sudden Destruction” to Sinners314
      3. Attendant Circumstances of Advent Portrayed314
      4. Coming Apostasy Paul’s Grave Concern315
      5. Differentiates Between Resurrection of Righteous and Wicked316
      6. Our Vile Bodies Changed at Advent317
      7. Seducing Spirits Impinge on God’s Unapproachable Immortality318
      8. Immortality Brought Into Focus Through Gospel318
   IV. Pauline Portrayal and Usage of “Immortal” and “Immortality”319
      1. Absolute Immortality Is Attribute of God Alone319
      2. Christ the Revealer of Immortality to Man320
      3. Immortality Not Present Possession of Humanity320
      4. Man, Now Mortal, to Put On Immortality320
      5. Resurrection Is Time of Putting On Immortality320
      6. Those Not Receiving Immortality Are Doomed322
      7. Immortality Predicated Only of God323
18. Paul’s Leading Problem Passage (2 Corinthians 5:1-9)324
   I. “Absent From the Body”; “Present With the Lord”324
      1. Peril of Invoking the Isolated Verse324
      2. Contention: Death Only a “Transition”324
      3. Contention: Soul Now Enjoying Celestial Life of Bliss325
      4. Unknown in Christian Church Until Nearly A.D. 200326
   II. Setting and Intent of Paul’s Unusual Portrayal326
      1. Two Lives for Believers—Present and Future327
      2. Earthen Vessels Must Be Replaced329
   III. Full Text of Problem Passage With Definitions330
   IV. Five Basic Considerations Involved331
      1. Three Consecutive States Impressively Portrayed331
      2. Shrinks From Being Unclothed in Death331
      3. Longs for Eternal State332
      4. Intermediate State the Basic Question332
      5. Death Not a Point of Time, but a Period333
      6. Interim Death State Versus Eternal Resurrection State333
      7. Significance of Term “Not Made With Hands”334
      8. Exemplified in Christ’s Natural and Resurrection Body335
      9. Earthly Tabernacle Temporary; Heavenly Temple Eternal336
      10. Simultaneous Reunion and Reward at Christ’s Return338
   V. Glossary of Key Words and Phrases by Verses339
   VI. Expositional Survey of Passage by Verses340
      1. Verse 1—Earthly Home Dissolved; Heavenly House Eternal340
      2. Verse 2—Groaning for Immortality Beyond Resurrection342
      3. Verse 3—Clothed Again After Naked, State of Death342
      4. Verse 4—Mortality to Be Swallowed Up by Immortality343
      5. Indwelling Spirit Is Pledge of Our Resurrection345
      6. Verse 6—At Home in Body; Absent From the Lord346
      7. Verse 8—Interval of Death Separates From Presence With Lord346
      8. Recapitulation: Three States for Man347
19. Paul’s Other Problem Passages348
   I. (2 Corinthians 12:2-4): Paul’s Vision—”In or Out of the Body”348
      1. Exact Specifications of Passage348
      2. Visions Produced by Agency of Holy Spirit349
      3. “Visions” Inseparable Part of Prophetic Role350
      4. Paul’s Vision of Heaven Matched by Isaiah, Daniel, John351
      5. Absurdity of “Soul’s Separation” Theory352
      6. Preposterous Conclusions Involved353
   II. (Philippians 1:20-24): “To Depart, and to Be With Christ”354
      1. Basic Principles of Sound Interpretation354
      2. Passage Regarded as Bulwark of Immortal-Soulism355
      3. The Problem Passage in Its Entirety _356
      4. Historical Background for Philippian Epistle356
      5. The Twin Gateways to Glory358
      6. Paul’s “So” Precludes Every Other Means358
   III. Paul’s Baffling Dilemma—“Life” or “Death”359
      1. Christ “Magnified” by Either Life or Death359
      2. Involvements and Advantages of Death360
      3. Christ Will Call Forth From Dusty Beds361
      4. Only Two Designated Ways to Glory361
      5. Paul’s Multiple Testimony as to “When”362
      6. Resurrection, Not Death, Ushers Into Presence of Christ363
   IV. Paul’s Great Third Choice—Translation364
      1. Translation Far Better Than Living or Dying364
      2. Desired to Be Loosed, Set Free From Earth365
      3. Relation of Problem Passages to Whole of Scripture366
20. Unique Witness of Epistles of Peter and John368
   I. Peter’s Portrayal of Cataclysmic End Events368
      1. Imposing Outline in Sweeping Strokes368
      2. Characteristics of Centuries That Precede370
      3. Coming Deluge of Fire in “Day of the Lord”371
   II. Problem Text (1 Peter 3:19)—Preaching to “Spirits in Prison”372
      1. Doubtful Texts Invoked to Support Doubtful Positions372
      2. Profound Implications of Papal Position374
      3. Christ Went Nowhere in Death; Preached to No One375
      4. Christ Was Made Alive; Did Not Continue Alive During Interim375
      5. When and to Whom Did Christ Preach?376
   III. Christ Truly “Died” According to Prediction, Fulfillment, Attestation377
      1. Explicit OT Prophecies of Forthcoming Death377
      2. Jesus’ Own Unequivocal Predictions of His Death377
      3. Inspiration’s Record of Christ’s Death378
      4. Apostolic Witness to Christ’s Death379
      5. Christ’s Post-Ascension Testimony From Heaven381
      6. Christ’s Death Established, Certified, Attested381
      7. All Is Lost if Christ Did Not Actually Die381
      8. Multiple Benefits Annulled if Christ Did Not Die382
   IV. Problem Text (2 Peter 2:4)—Fallen Angels Detained in “Tartarus”383
      1. Place of Detention for Fallen Angels384
      2. No Punishment Before Decisions of Judgment384
   V. John’s Epistles: Life in and Through Christ Is Central Thought385
      1. Life Manifested, Promised, Possessed in Christ385
      2. Possession of Eternal Life Conditioned on Indwelling Christ386
21. Revelation—Inspiration’s Supreme Portrayal of Human Destiny388
   I. Tremendous Scope and Grand Finale of Book of Revelation389
      1. Sweeps in Past, Present, but Primarily Future390
      2. Triumph of “Seed” and Crushing of Serpent390
      3. “Day of the Lord” Is Master Key to Apocalypse391
      4. Covers Transition From Time to Eternity393
      5. Complete Vindication of God and Righteousness394
   II. “Day of the Lord”—God’s Great Day of Reckoning With Man395
   III. OT Texts and Terms Portraying “Day of the Lord”396
   IV. NT Portrayal of Day of the Lord Jesus Christ398
   V. “Day of the Lord”—Fulfills in Historical Actualities of Apocalypse399
      1. New Note Has Increasing Volume and Tempo400
      2. Detailed Bill of Particulars in Apocalypse401
      3. “Old” Passes Forever; “New” Established Forever401
      4. Consummating Testimony Seals Age-old Witness402
22. Apocalypse Reveals Final Fate of Wicked404
   I. Teaching of the Apocalypse on Final Punishment404
   II. Gehenna “Lake of Fire” Totally Destroys All Sinners405
      1. “Second Death” Tied In With “Day of Wrath”405
      2. “Lake of Fire” Equated With “Second Death”406
      3. “Lake of Fire” Is Predicted “Gehenna of Fire”406
      4. Constitutes Inexorable Chain of Evidence408
   III. Problem Text (Revelation 14:11)—Torment Day and Night; Smoke Ascending Forever409
      1. Terms of Revelation 14:11 Limited to Specified Group409
      2. Smoke Ascends Up Forever—Fires Burned Out410
      3. Neither “Torment” nor “Smoke” Are Eternal411
      4. “Father” of First “No-Death” Lie Last to Die in Gehenna412
   IV. No Eternally Seething “Lake of Fire” in Coming “New Earth”413
      1. Dogma of Eternal Torment Involves Notorious Dualism413
      2. Celestial Conflict Terminates on Earth414
      3. New Earth and New Jerusalem Gloriously Real415
      4. Endless Life in Christ Undeviating Note of Apocalypse416
23. Greek Terms and Usages—”Psuche” (Soul); “Pneuma” (Spirit)419
   I. Characteristic Advantages, Disadvantages, and Pitfalls of Greek419
      1. Issue of Immortality of Paramount Concern420
      2. Conflict Over Punishment of Wicked420
   II. “Psuche” in New Testament Usage421
      1. Hebrew Background of the Early Church421
      2. How the Translators Rendered “Psuche”422
      3. Meanings of “Psuche” Fall Into Four Categories423
   III. “Pneuma” in New Testament Usage425
   IV. Exit and Re-entry of the Spirit427
      1. Departure of “Spirit” From “Body” at Death427
      2. Variant Ways of Expressing Act of Dying428
      3. “Spirit” Departs at Death: Restored at Resurrection429
24. Terms and Usages: “Aion” and “Aionios”431
   I. Principles Governing the Meaning of “Aion” and “Aionios”431
      1. Definitions and Usages431
      2. Specific “Aionios” Usages Outlined433
   II. “Aion” and “Aionios” in the Contrasts of Scripture433
      1. Golden Rule: Perpetuity Within Limits433
      2. Two Determinative Principles re “Aionios”434
      3. Gehazi’s “For Ever”—Leprosy Lasted Until Posterity Extinct434
      4. Length Governed by Noun to Which Attached435
      5. Body Blow to Immortal-Soul Theory436
      6. Restricted Use in the Apocalypse436
   III. Texts Exemplify Diversified Meanings of “Aion” and “Aionios”436
   IV. Sound Interpretative Principles Emerge for Guidance438
      1. Vast Scope of Meaning of “Aion Exhibited439
      2. God Has Infinity; Man Does Not440
      3. “Aionios”—Eternal in Results. Not in Process441
      4. Revelation 20:10—Example of Limited Torment442
      5. Beware of Unscriptural Foundations and Unsound Reasoning443
25. Terms and Usages: “Immortal,” “Incorruption,” “Immortality,” “Eternal Life”445
   I. “Immortality”—Springs From God, Bestowed on Man445
      1. “Athanasia” (“Immortality”)—Possessed by God; Put On by Man445
      2. “Immortality” Is Immunity to Death or Destruction446
      3. Not Natural Endowment but Special Bestowment446
   II. “Athanasia,” “Aphthartos,” “Aphtharsia”—Restrict Innate Immortality to God447
      1. “Aphthartos” (“Incorruptible”) Likewise Confined Exclusively to God447
      2. “Aphtharsia” (“Incorruption”)—Not Inalienable Possession of Man448
      3. Observation449
   III. The Five English Uses of Immortal/Immortality Examined449
      1. God the Possessor, Man the Future Receiver449
      2. Recapitulation of Fivefold Witness452
   IV. Problem “Eternal Life” and “Immortality”—Differences, Similarities, and Relationships452
      1. Problem: Are “Eternal Life” and “Immortality” Equivalents?452
      2. God’s Immortality Absolute; Man’s Always Contingent453
      3. Eternal Life—God’s by Nature; Man’s to Receive454
      4. Both Eternal Life and Immortality Center in Christ455
      5. Eternal Life Based on Dual Relationships455
      6. Sound Conclusions Deducible From Scripture Evidence456
   V. Eternal Life—Present Possession, but in Christ457
   VI. Immortality—God’s Alone, Man’s to “Put On” at Advent459
   VII. Basic Twofold Provision—Condition of Eternal Life459
      1. Similar to Christ’s Relationship to the Father461
      2. Life of God Implanted Through New Birth461
   VIII. Believers Predestined Heirs of Eternal Life Hereafter462
      1. Already Heirs, Awaiting Time of Possession462
      2. Proleptic Figure Employed re “Eternal Life”463
      3. Eternal Life Vested in Christ, Not in Us464
      4. Minor Heir Does Not Have Possession Until of Age464
26. Technical Terms: Sleeping, Waking, Resurrection466
   I. “Sleeping” and “Awakening”—NT Terms for Death and Resurrection466
      1. Multiple Speculations Over State in Death466
      2. “Sleep”—Common Term for “Dead in Christ”467
      3. Figure of “Sleep” Used Only of First Death468
      4. Uniform Usage Determines the Meaning469
      5. “Sleep” Implies Assurance of “Awakening”470
      6. “Awakening” From Death—Sleep Is Inspired Terminology471
      7. Translation Conceals Reiterated “Awakening” Emphasis472
      8. Bears Vital Relationship to Advent Hope474
   II. Two Separate General Resurrections—of Righteous and Wicked474
      1. Two General Resurrections Follow in Sequence474
      2. Resurrection Universal in Operation475
      3. Drama of Rebellion, Sin, and Death Over476
   III. Glory of Our Immortalized Resurrection Bodies476
      1. Resurrection of Body Indispensable to Future Life476
      2. Continuity of Identity and Personality Preserved477
      3. Resurrection Bodies to Be Vastly Different478
      4. “Spiritual Bodies” Perfectly Adapted to Resurrection Life479
   IV. Many in Heaven Through Special Resurrection or Translation480
      1. Enoch, Moses, and Elijah Are Earliest Trophies480
      2. Glorified Moses and Elijah Appear at Transfiguration482
      3. Special Resurrection at Christ’s Resurrection483
      4. God’s Stipulated Way for Immortalization483
      5. General Resurrection and Translation at Christ’s Return484
27. Terms and Usages: Final Disposition of the Wicked486
   I. Multiple Terms Affirm Destruction, Perishing, Extinction486
      1. English Translations Signify Utter “Destruction”486
      2. Constable’s Considered Supporting Conclusions488
   II. Greek Terms Affirm “Destroy,” “Consume,” “Perish,” “Obliterate”488
      1. Leading Greek Terms Defined488
      2. Not One in List Implies Eternal Torment490
   III. Weymouth’s Devastating Charge of Manipulated Meanings491
   IV. Succinct Summary of Over-all Evidence494
28. Summing Up the Case for Biblical Conditionalism498
   I. Conditionalism Accentuated and Enforced in New Testament498
      1. Complete Harmony Between Testaments498
      2. Immortalization Accentuated and Amplified in New Testament499
      3. Immortality an Acquisition, Not Inherent Possession500
      4. Contrasting Positions Succinctly Set Forth500
      5. Immortal-Soulism Is Immortality Without a Saviour501
      6. Conditionalism Is Positive, Not Negative502
      7. More Gained Through Christ Than Lost Through Adam503
   II. Issues Illuminated Through Significant Series of “Two’s”504
      1. Two Worlds: Temporal and Eternal505
      2. Two Adams: The Natural, Then the Spiritual506
      3. Second Adam: Progenitor of Immortal Race507
      4. Two Births: First Fleshly, Second Spiritual and Eternal508
      5. Two Covenants: First of Works, Second of Faith508
      6. Two Classes: Carnal and Perishing, Heavenly and Abiding509
      7. Two Kingdoms: Of God and of Satan509
      8. Two Advents: In the Flesh, and in Power and Glory510
      9. Two Resurrections: To “Life” and to “Damnation”510
      10. Finality of Separation Occurs at Second Advent511
      11. Two Deaths: First Death for All, Second Only for Wicked512
      12. Second Death Follows Second Resurrection513
      13. Second Death for Irreclaimably Wicked Only514
      14. The Two Ways: Way of Life, and Way of Death515
      15. Destined Endings of the Two Ways516
   III. Fundamental Fallacy of Immortal-Soulist Concept517
      1. Dualism Not Part of Divine Plan of the Ages518