Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary



UNWILLINGNESS, n. Loathness; disinclination; reluctance.

UNWIND, v.t. pret. and pp. unwound.

1. To wind off; to loose or separate what is wound or convolved; as, to unwind thread or a ball.

2. To disentangle.

UNWIND, v.i. To admit evolution.

UNWIPED, a. Not cleaned by rubbing.

UNWISE, a. s as z.

1. Not wise; not choosing the best means for the end; defective in wisdom; as an unwise man; unwise kings.

2. Not dictated by wisdom; not adapted to the end; as unwise measures.

UNWISELY, adv. Not wisely; not prudently; as unwisely rigid; unwisely studious.

UNWISH, v.t. To wish that which is, not to be. [Not in use.]

UNWISHED, a. Not wished; not sought; not desired.

UNWIST, a. Not known. Obs.

UNWIT, v.t. To deprive of understanding. [Not in use.]

UNWITHDRAWING, a. Not withdrawing; continually liberal.

UNWITHERED, a. Not withered or faded.

UNWITHERING, a. Not liable to wither or fade.

UNWITHSTOOD, a. Not opposed.

UNWITNESSED, a. Not witnessed; not attested by witnesses; wanting testimony.

UNWITTILY, adv. Without wit.

UNWITTINGLY, adv. Without knowledge or consciousness; ignorantly; as, he has unwittingly injured himself, or his neighbor.

UNWITTY, a. Not witty; destitute of wit.

UNWIVED, a. Having no wife. [Not used.]

UNWOMAN, v.t. To deprive of the qualities of a woman.

UNWOMANLY, a. Unbecoming a woman.


1. Unaccustomed; unused; not made familiar by practice; as a child unwonted to strangers; sea calves unwonted to fresh water.

2. Uncommon; unusual; infrequent; rare; as an unwonted meteor; unwonted changes.

UNWONTEDNESS, n. Uncommonness; rareness.

UNWOOED, a. Not wooed; not courted.

UNWORKING, a. Living without labor.

UNWORMED, a. Not wormed. [Not used.]

UNWORN, a. Not worn; not impaired.

UNWORSHIPED, a. Not worshiped; not adored.

UNWORSHIPING, a. Not worshiping; habitually neglecting the worship of God.

UNWORTHILY, adv. [See Worthy and Worth.]

Not according to desert; without due regard to merit; as, to treat a man unworthily.

UNWORTHINESS, n. Want of worth or merit.


1. Not deserving; followed by of. As sinners, were are utterly unworthy of the divine favor.

2. Not deserving; wanting merit. Receive your unworthy son into favor. One great evil of government is that unworthy men are elected or appointed to fill important offices.

3. Unbecoming; vile; base; as unworthy usage or treatment.

4. Not suitable; inadequate. This opinion is unworthy of its author.

UNWOUND, pp. of wind. Wound off; untwisted.


1. Not wounded; not hurt; not injured in body; as unwounded enemies.

2. Not hurt; not offended; as unwounded ears.

UNWRAP, v.t. To open what is wrapped or folded.

UNWREATH, v.t. To untwist or untwine.

UNWRINKLE, v.t. To reduce wrinkles; to smooth.

UNWRITING, a. Not writing; not assuming the character of an author; as an unwriting citizen.

UNWRITTEN, a. unrit’n.

1. Not written; not reduced to writing; verbal.

2. Blank; containing no writing.

Unwritten doctrines, in religion, are such as have been handed down by word of mouth; oral or traditional doctrines.

Unwritten laws, are such as have been delivered down by tradition or in songs. Such were the laws of the early nations of Europe.

The unwritten laws of England and of the United States, called common law, are such as have not the authority of statutes, not having originated from any legislative act, or originating from some act not now extant. These laws are now contained in the reports of judicial decisions.

UNWROUGHT, a. unraut’. Not labored; not manufactured; not reduced to due form.

UNWRUNG, a. unrung’. Not pinched.

UNYIELDED, a. Not yielded; not conceded; not given up.


1. Not yielding to force or persuasion; unbending; unpliant; stiff; firm; obstinate.

2. Not giving place.

UNYOKE, v.t.

1. To loose from a yoke; to free from a yoke.

Unyoke the steers.

2. To part; to disjoin.


1. Freed from the yoke.

2. a. Not having worn the yoke.

3. Licentious; unrestrained.

UNYOKING, ppr. Freeing from the yoke.

UNZONED, a. Not bound with a girdle; as an unzoned bosom.

UP, adv.

1. Aloft; on high

But up or down -

2. Out of bed. He is not up.

3. Having risen from a seat.

Sir Roger was up.

4. From a state of concealment or discumbiture.

5. In a state of being built.

Up with my tent.

6. Above the horizon. The sun is up.

7. To a state of excitement. He was wrought up to a rage.

8. To a state of advance or proficiency.

- Till we have wrought ourselves up to this degree of christian indifference.

9. In a state of elevation or exaltation.

Those that were up, kept others low.

10. In a state of climbing or ascending. We went up to the city or town.

11. In a state of insurrection.

The gentle archbishop of York is up.

My soul is up in arms.

12. In a state of being increased or raised. The river is up; the flood is up.

13. In a state of approaching; as up comes a fox.

14. In order. He drew up his regiment.

15. From younger to elder years; as from his youth up.

1. Up and down, from one place to another; here and there.

2. From one state or position to another; backwards and forwards.

1. Up to, to an equal highth with; as up to the chin in water.

2. To a degree or point adequate. Live up to the principles professed.

Up with, raise; life; as, up with the fist; up with the timber.

Up is much used to modify the actions expressed by verbs. It is very often useful and necessary; very often useless.

To bear up, to sustain.

To go up, to ascend.

To lift up, to raise.

To get up, to rise from bed or a seat.

To bind up, to bind together.

To blow up, to inflate; to distend; to inflame.

To grow up, to grow to maturity.

Up stream, from the mouth towards the head of a stream; against the stream; hence up is in a direction towards the head of a stream or river; as up the country.

Up sound, in the direction from the sea; opposed to down sound, that is, in the direction of the ebb tide.

Up is used elliptically for get up, expressing a command or exhortation.

Up, let us be going. Judges 19:28.

UP, prep. From a lower to a higher place. Go up the hill.

UPBEAR, v.t. pret. upbore; pp. upborne. [up and bear. See Bear.]

1. To raise aloft; to life; to elevate.

2. To sustain aloft; to support in an elevated situation.

Upborne they fly.

3. To support; to sustain.

UPBIND, v.t. To bind up.

UPBLOW, v.t. To blow up. [Not used.]


1. To charge with something wrong or disgraceful; to reproach; to cast in the teeth; followed by with or for, before the thing imputed; as, to upbraid a man for his folly or his intemperance.

Yet do not upbraid us with our distress.

He upbraided them with their unbelief. Mark 16:14.

[The use of to and of, after upbraid, as to upbraid a man of his gain by iniquity, to upbraid to a man his evil practices, has been long discontinued.]

2. To reproach; to chide.

God who giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not. James 1:5.

3. To reprove with severity.

Then he began to upbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty works were done - Matthew 11:20.

4. To bring reproach on.

How much doth thy kindness upbraid my wickedness!

5. To treat with contempt. Obs.

UPBRAIDED, pp. Charged with something wrong or disgraceful; reproached; reproved.

UPBRAIDER, n. One who upbraids or reproves.

UPBRAIDING, ppr. Accusing; casting in the teeth; reproaching; reproving.


1. A charging with something wrong or disgraceful; the act of reproaching or reproving.

I have too long borne your blunt upbraidings.

2. The reproaches or accusations of conscience.

UPBRAY, for upbraid, to shame, is not in use.

UPBROUGHT, a. upbraut’. Brought up; educated. [Not in use.]


1. Cast up; a term in bowling.

2. Thrown upwards; as with upcast eyes.

UPCAST, n. In bowling, a cast; a throw.

UPDRAW, v.t. To draw up. [Not in use.]

UPGATHER, v.t. To contract. [Not in use.]

UPGROW, v.i. To grow up. [Not in use.]

UPHAND, a. Lifted by the hand.

UPHEAVE, v.t. To heave or lift up.

UPHELD, pret. and pp. of uphold. Sustained; supported.

UPHILL, a. Difficult, like the act of ascending a hill; as uphill labor.

UPHOARD, v.t. To hoard up. [Not used.]

UPHOLD, v.t. pret. and pp. upheld. [Upholden is obsolete.]

1. To lift on high; to elevate.

2. To support; to sustain; to keep from falling or slipping.

Honor shall uphold the humble in spirit. Proverbs 29:23.

3. To keep from declension.

4. To support in any state.

5. To continue; to maintain.

6. To keep from being lost.

Faulconbridge, in spite of spite, along upholds the day.

7. To continue without failing.

8. To continue in being.


1. One that upholds; a supporter; a defender; a sustainer.

2. An undertaker; one who provides for funerals.

UPHOLSTERER, n. [from up and hold.] One who furnishes houses with beds, curtains and the like.

UPHOLSTERY, n. Furniture supplied by upholsterers.

UPLAND, n. [up and land.] High land; ground elevated above the meadows and intervals which lie on the banks of rivers, near the sea, or between hills; land which is generally dry. It is opposed to meadow, march, swamp, interval, etc. Uplands are particularly valuable as affording pasture for sheep.


1. Higher in situation; being on upland; as upland inhabitants.

2. Pertaining to uplands; as upland pasturage.

UPLANDISH, a. Pertaining to uplands; dwelling on high lands or mountains.

UPLAY, v.t. To lay up; to hoard. [Not in use.]

UPLEAD, v.t. To lead upwards.

UPLED, pp. Led upwards.

UPLIFT, v.t. To raise aloft; to raise; to elevate; as, to uplift the arm. It is chiefly used in the participle; as uplifted eyes; uplifted arms.

UPLIFTED, pp. Raised high; lifted; elevated.

UPLOOK, v.t. To look up. [Not in use.]

UPMOST, a. [up and most.] Highest; topmost. [Little used. We generally use uppermost.]

UPON, prep.

1. Resting or being on the top or surface; as being upon a hill, or upon a rock; upon a field; upon a table; upon a river; upon the altar; upon the roof. He has his coat upon his back; his hat is upon his head.

2. In a state of resting or dependence; as upon this condition; he will contract with you upon these terms. Upon our repentance we hope to be forgiven.

3. Denoting resting, as a burden. Impose upon yourself this task.

4. In the direction or part of; as upon the right hand.

5. Relating to. They are now engaged upon the affairs of the bank.

6. In consideration of; as upon the whole matter.

7. Near to; as a village upon the Thames.

8. With, or having received. He came upon an hour’s warning.

9. On the occasion of; engaged in for the execution of. He sent the officer upon a bold enterprise.

10. In; during the time of; as upon the seventh day; upon the first of January.

11. Noting security; as, to borrow money upon lands, or upon mortgage.

12. Noting approach or attack.

The Philistines be upon thee, Samson. Judges 16:9.

13. Noting exposure or incurring some danger or loss. You do this upon pain of death, or upon the penalties of the law.

14. At the time of; on occasion of. What was their conduct upon this event?

15. By inference from, or pursuing a certain supposition. Upon his principles, we can have no stable government.

16. Engaged in. What is he upon?

17. Having a particular manner. The horse is now upon a hard trot.

18. Resting or standing, as on a condition. He is put upon his good behavior.

19. Noting means of subsistence or support. Cattle live upon grass.

20. Noting dependence for subsistence; as, paupers come upon the parish or town.

To take upon, to assume.

To assume upon, in law, to promise; to undertake.

UPPER, a. [comp. from up.]

1. Higher in place; as the upper lip; the upper side of a thing. An upper story is a higher one; the upper story is the highest. So the upper deck of a ship.

2. Superior in rank or dignity; as the upper house of a legislature.

Upper hand, advantage; superiority.

Upper-works, in a ship, the parts above water when the ship is properly balanced for a voyage; or that part which is above the main wale.

UPPERMOST, a. [superl.; upper and most.]

1. Highest in place; as the uppermost seats.

2. Highest in power or authority.

Whatever faction happens to be uppermost -

3. Predominant; most powerful.

UPRAISE, v.t. s as z. [up and raise.] To raise; to lift up.

UPREAR, v.t. [up and rear.] To rear up; to raise.

UPRIGHT, a. upri’te or up’rite. [up and right. This word is marked in books with the accent on the first syllable. But it is frequently pronounced with the accent on the second, and the accent on the first syllable of its derivatives is inadmissible.]

1. Erect; perpendicular to the plane of the horizon; as an upright tree; an upright post. Among mechanics, plumb.

2. Erected; pricked up; shooting directly from the body.

All have their ears upright -

With chatt’ring teeth and bristling hair upright.

3. Honest; just; adhering to rectitude in all social intercourse; not deviating from correct moral principles; as an upright man. Job 1:8.

4. Conformable to moral rectitude.

Conscience rewards upright conduct with pleasure.


1. In architecture, a representation or draught of the front of a building; called also an elevation, or orthography.

2. Something standing erect or perpendicular.


1. In a direction perpendicular to the plane of the horizon; in an erect position.

2. Honestly; with strict observance of rectitude; as, to live uprightly.

He that walketh uprightly, walketh surely. Proverbs 10:9.


1. Perpendicular erection.

2. Honesty; integrity in principle or practice; conformity to rectitude and justice in social dealings.

The truly upright man is inflexible in his uprightness.

UPRISE, v.i. s as z. pret uprose; pp. uprisen.

1. To rise from bed or from a seat.

Uprose the virgin with the morning light.

2. To ascend above the horizon.

Uprose the sun.

3. To ascend, as a hill. Obs.

UPRISE, n. A rising; appearance above the horizon. Obs.

UPRISING, ppr. Rising; ascending.

UPRISING, n. The act of rising.

Thou knowest my down-sitting and mine uprising. Psalm 139:2.


Great tumult; violent disturbance and noise; bustle and clamor.

The Jews who believed not - set all the city in an uproar. Acts 17:5.

Horror thus prevail’d, and wild uproar.

UPROAR, v.t. To throw into confusion. [Not in use.]

UPROLL, v.t. [up and roll.] To roll up.

UPROOT, v.t. [up and root.] To root up; to tear up by the roots; as, to uproot the hills or trees.

UPROUSE, v.t. uprouz. [up and rouse.] To rouse from sleep; to awake.

UPSET, v.t. [up and set.] To overturn; to overthrow; to overset; as a carriage.

UPSHOT, n. [up and shot.] Final issue; conclusion; end; as the upshot of the matter.

Here is the upshot and result of all.

Upside down, the upper part undermost. As a phrase, this denotes in confusion; in complete disorder.

UPSPRING, n. [up and spring.] An upstart. [Not in use.]

UPSPRING, v.i. To spring up. [Not in use.]

UPSTAND, v.i. To be erected. [Not used.]

UPSTART, v.i. [up and start.] To start or spring up suddenly.


1. One that suddenly rises from low life to wealth, power or honor.

2. Something that springs up suddenly.

UPSTART, a. Suddenly raised.

UPSTAY, v.t. [up and stay.] To sustain; to support.

UPSWARM, v.t. [See Swarm.] To raise in a swarm. [Not in use.]

UPTAKE, v.t. [up and take.] To take into the hand. [Not in use.]

UPTEAR, v.t. [up and tear.] To tear up.