Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary



TRUSTINGLY, adv. With trust or implicit confidence.

TRUSTLESS, a. Not worthy of trust; unfaithful.

TRUSTY, a. That may be safely trusted; that justly deserves confidence; fit to be confided in; as a trusty servant.

1. That will not fail; strong; firm; as a trusty sword.


1. Conformity to fact or reality; exact accordance with that which is, or has been, or shall be. The truth of history constitutes its whole value. We rely on the truth of the scriptural prophecies.

My mouth shall speak truth. Proverbs 8:7.

Sanctify them through thy truth; thy word is truth. John 17:17.

2. True state of facts or things. The duty of a court of justice is to discover the truth. Witnesses are sworn to declare the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth.

3. Conformity of words to thoughts, which is called moral truth.

Shall truth fail to keep her word?

4. Veracity; purity from falsehood; practice of speaking truth; habitual disposition to speak truth; as when we say, a man is a man of truth.

5. Correct opinion.

6. Fidelity; constancy.

The thoughts of past pleasure and truth.

7. Honesty; virtue.

It must appear

That malice bears down truth.

8. Exactness; conformity to rule.

Plows, to go true, depend much on the truth of the iron work. [Not in use.]

9. Real fact of just principle; real state of things. There are innumerable truths with which we are not acquainted.

10. Sincerity.

God is a spirit, and they that worship him must worship in spirit and in truth. John 4:24.

11. The truth of God, is his veracity and faithfulness. Psalm 71:22.

Or his revealed will.

I have walked in thy truth. Psalm 26:3.

12. Jesus Christ is called the truth. John 14:6.

13. It is sometimes used by way of concession.

She said, truth, Lord; yet the dogs eat of the crums-- Matthew 15:27.

That is, it is a truth; what you have said, I admit to be true.

In truth, in reality; in fact.

Of a truth, in reality; certainly.

To do truth, is to practice what God commands. John 3:21.

TRUTHFUL, a. Full of truth.

TRUTHLESS, a. Wanting truth; wanting reality.

1. Faithless.

TRUTINATION, n. [L. trutina, a balance; trutinor, to weigh.]

The act of weighing. [Not used.]

TRUTTACEOUS, a. [from L. trutta, trout.] Pertaining to the trout; as fish of the truttaceous genus.

TRY, v.i. To exert strength; to endeavor; to make an effort; to attempt. Try to learn; try to lift a weight. The horses tried to draw the load. [These phrases give the true sense.]

TRY, v.t. To examine; to make experiment on; to prove by experiment.

Come, try upon yourselves what you have seen me.

1. To experience; to have knowledge by experience of.

Or try the Libyan heat, or Scythian cold.

2. To prove by a test; as, to try weights and measures by a standard; to try one’s opinions by the divine oracles.

3. To act upon as a test.

The fire sev’n times tried this.

4. To examine judicially by witnesses and the principles of law; as causes tried in court.

5. To essay; to attempt.

Let us try advent’rous work.

6. To purify; to refine; as silver seven times tried.

7. To search carefully into. Psalm 11:4.

8. To use as means; as, to try remedies for a disease.

9. To strain; as, to try the eyes; the literal sense of the word.

To try tallow, etc. is to melt and separate it from the membranes.

To tryout, to pursue efforts till a decision is obtained.

TRYING, ppr. Exerting strength; attempting.

1. Examining by searching or comparison with a test; proving; using; straining, etc.

2. a. Adapted to try, or put to severe trial.

TRY-SAIL, n. A sail used by a ship in a storm; literally the strain-sail.

TUB, n.

1. An open wooden vessel formed with staves, heading and hoops; used for various domestic purposes, as for washing, for making cheese, etc.

2. A state of salivation; so called because the patient was formerly sweated in a tub. [Not in use.]

3. A certain quantity; as a tub of tea, which is 60 pounds; a tub of camphor, from 56 to 80 pounds; a tub of vermilion, from 3 to 4 hundred pounds. [local.]

4. A wooden vessel in which vegetables are planted, for the sake of being movable and set in a house in cold weather.

TUB, v.t. To plant or set in a tub.

TUBBER, n. In Cornwall, a mining instrument, called in other places a beele. The man who uses this tool is called tubber-man or beel-man.

TUBBING, ppr. Setting in a tub.

TUBE, n. [L. tubus.] A pipe; a siphon; a canal or conduit; a hollow cylinder, either of wood, metal or glass, used for the conveyance of fluids, and for various other purposes.

1. A vessel of animal bodies or plants, which conveys a fluid or other substance.

2. In botany, the narrow hollow part of a monopetalous corol, by which it is fixed to the receptacle.

3. In artillery, an instrument of tin, used in quick firing.

TUBE, v.t. To furnish with a tube; as, to tube a well.

TUBER, n. In botany, a knob in roots, solid, with the component particles all similar.

TUBERCLE, n. [L. tuberculum, from tuber, a bunch.]

1. A pimple; a small push, swelling or tumor on animal bodies.

2. A little knob, like a pimple, on plants; a little knob or rough point on the leaves of some lichens, supposed to be the fructification.

TUBERCULAR, TUBERCULOUS, a. Full of knobs or pimples.

1. Affected with tubercles.

TUBERCULATE, a. Having small knobs or pimples, as a plant.

TUBEROSE, n. [L. tuberosa.] A plant with a tuberous root and a liliaceous flower, the Polianthus tuberosa; formerly called the tuberous hyacinth.

TUBEROUS, a. [from L. tuber, a bunch.] Knobbed. In botany, consisting of roundish fleshy bodies, or tubers, connected into a bunch by intervening threads; as the roots of artichokes and potatoes.

TUB-FISH, n. [tub and fish.] A species of Trigla, sometimes called the flying-fish.

TUBIPORE, n. [tube and pore.] A genus of zoophytes or corals.

TUBIPORITE, n. Fossil tubipores.

TUB-MAN, n. In the exchequer, a barrister so called.

TUBULAR, a. [from L. tubus.] Having the form of a tube or pipe; consisting of a pipe; fistular; as a tubular snout; a tubular calyx.

TUBULE, n. [L. tubulus.] A small pipe or fistular body.

TUBULIFORM, a. Having the form of a tube.

TUBULOUS, a. Longitudinally hollow.

1. Containing tubes; composed wholly of tubulous florets; as a tubulous compound flower.

2. In botany, having a bell-shaped border, with five reflex segments, rising from a tube; as a tubulous floret.

TUCH, n. A kind of marble.

TUCK, n.

1. A long narrow sword.

2. A kind of net.

3. [from the verb following.] In a ship, the part where the ends of the bottom planks are collected under the stern.

4. A fold; a pull; a lugging. [See Tug.]

TUCK, v.t. [In some parts of England, this verb signifies to full, as cloth.]

1. To thrust or press in or together; to fold under; to press into a narrower compass; as, to tuck up a bed; to tuck up a garment; to tuck in the skirt of anything.

2. To inclose by tucking close around; as, to tuck a child into a bed.

3. To full, as cloth. [Local.]

TUCK, v.i. To contract; to draw together. [Not in use.]

TUCKER, n. A small piece of linen for shading the breast of women.

1. A fuller, whence the name. [Local.]

TUCKET, n. A flourish in music; a voluntary; a prelude.

1. A steak; a collop.

TUCKETSONANCE, n. The sound of the tucket, an ancient instrument of music.

TUCKING, ppr. Pressing under or together; folding.

TUESDAY, n. s as z. The third day of the week.

TUFA, TUF, n. A stone or porous substance formed by depositions from springs or rivulets, containing much earthy matter in solution. Tufa is also formed by the concretion of loose volcanic dust or cinders, cemented by water, or by the consolidation of mud thrown out of volcanoes. The disintegration and subsequent consolidation of basaltic rocks, forms a kind of tufa, called by the German geologists, trap-tuff.

TUFACEOUS, a. Pertaining to tufa; consisting of tufa, or resembling it.

TUFFOON, n. [a corruption of typhon.] A violent tempest or tornado with thunder and lightning, frequent in the Chinese sea and the gulf of Tonquin.

TUFT, n.

1. A collection of small things in a knot or bunch; as a tuft of flowers; a tuft of feathers; a tuft of grass or hair. A tuft of feathers forms the crest of a bird.

2. A cluster, a clump; as a tuft of trees; a tuft of olives.

3. In botany, a head of flowers, each elevated on a partial stalk, and all forming together a dense roundish mass. The word is sometimes applied to other collections, as little bundles of leaves, hairs and the like.

TUFT, v.t. To separate into tufts.

1. To adorn with tufts or with a tuft.

TUF-TAFFETA, n. A villous kind of silk. [Not in use.]

TUFTED, pp. or a. Adorned with a tuft, as the tufted duck; growing in a tuft or clusters, as a tufted grove.

TUFTY, a. Abounding with tufts; growing in clusters; bushy.

TUG, v.t. [L. duco. See Tow, to draw.]

1. To pull or draw with great effort; to drag along with continued exertion; to haul along.

There sweat, there strain, tug the laborious oar.

2. To pull; to pluck.

--To ease the pain

His tugg’d ears suffer’d with a strain.

TUG, v.i. To pull with great effort; as, to tug at the oar; to tug against the stream.

1. To labor; to strive; to struggle.

They long wrestled and strenuously tugged for their liberty. [This is not elegant.]

TUG, n. A pull with the utmost effort.

At the tug he falls--

Vast ruins come along--

1. A sort of carriage, used in some parts of England for conveying bavins or faggots and other things.

2. In some parts of New England, the traces of a harness are called tugs.

TUGGER, n. One who tugs, or pulls with great effort.

TUGGING, ppr. Pulling or dragging with great exertion; hauling.

TUGGINGLY, adv. With laborious pulling.

TUITION, n. [L. tuitio, from tueor, to see, behold, protect, etc.; L. duco, to lead.]

1. Guardianship; superintending care over a young person; the particular watch and care of a tutor or guardian over his pupil or ward.

2. More especially, instruction; the act or business of teaching the various branches of learning. We place our children under the preceptors of academies for tuition. [This is now the common acceptation of the word.]

3. The money paid for instruction. In our colleges, the tuition is from thirty to forty dollars a year.

TULIP, n. [L. tulipa.] A plant and a flower of the genus Tulipa, of a great variety of colors, and much cultivated for its beauty.

TULIP-TREE, n. An American tree bearing flowers resembling the tulip, of the genus Liriodendron. Also, a tree of the genus Magnolia.

TUMBLE, v.i. [L. tumulus, tumultus, tumeo.]

1. To roll; to roll about by turning one way and the other; as, a person in pain tumbles and tosses.

2. To fall; to come down suddenly and violently; as, to tumble from a scaffold.

3. To roll down. The stone of Sisyphus is said to have tumbled to the bottom, as soon as it was carried up the hill.

4. To play mountebank tricks.

TUMBLE, v.t. To turn over; to turn or throw about for examination or searching; sometimes with over; as, to tumble over books or papers; to tumble over clothes. [To tumble over in thought, is not elegant.]

1. To disturb; to rumple; as, to tumble a bed.

To tumble out, to throw or roll out; as, to tumble out casks from a store.

To tumble down, to throw down carelessly.

TUMBLE, n. A fall.

TUMBLED, pp. Rolled; disturbed; rumpled; thrown down.

TUMBLER, n. One who tumbles; one who plays the tricks of a mountebank.

1. A large drinking glass.

2. A variety of the domestic pigeon, so called from his practice of tumbling or turning over in flight. It is a short-bodied pigeon, of a plain color, black, blue or white.

3. A sort of dog, so called form his practice of tumbling before he attacks his prey.

TUMBLING, ppr. Rolling about; falling; disturbing; rumpling.

Tumbling-home, in a ship, is the inclination of the top-sides from a perpendicular, towards the center of the ship; or the part of a ship which falls inward above the extreme breadth.

TUMBLING-BAY, n. In a canal, an overfall or weir.


1. A ducking stool for the punishment of scolds.

2. A dung-cart.

3. A cart or carriage with two wheels, which accompanies troops or artillery, for conveying the tools of pioneers, cartridges and the like.

TUMBRIL, n. A contrivance of the basket kind, or a kind of cage of osiers, willows, etc. for keeping hay and other food for sheep.

TUMEFACTION, n. [L. tumefacio, to make tumid. See Tumid.] The act or process of swelling or rising into a tumor; a tumor; a swelling.

TUMEFIED, pp. [from tumefy.] Swelled; enlarged; as a tumefied joint.

TUMEFY, v.t. [L. tumefacio; tumidus, tumeo, and facio.]

To swell, or cause to swell.

TUMEFY, v.i. To swell; to rise in a tumor.

TUMEFYING, ppr. Swelling; rising in a tumor.

TUMID, a. [L. tumidus, from tumeo, to swell.]

1. Being swelled, enlarged or distended; as a tumid leg; tumid flesh.

2. Protuberant; rising above the level.

So high as heav’d the tumid hills.

3. Swelling in sound or sense; pompous; puffy; bombastic; falsely sublime; as a tumid expression; a tumid style.

TUMIDLY, adv. In a swelling form.

TUMIDNESS, n. A swelling or swelled state.

TUMITE, n. A mineral. [See Thumerstone.]

TUMOR, n. [L. from tumeo, to swell.] In surgery, a swelling; a morbid enlargement of any part of the body; a word of very comprehensive signification.

The morbid enlargement of a particular part, without being caused by inflammation.

Any swelling which arises from the growth of distinct superfluous parts or substances, which did not make any part of the original structure of the body, or from a morbid increase in the bulk of other parts, which naturally and always existed in the human frame.

The term tumor is limited by Abernathy to such swellings as arise from new productions, and includes only the sarcomatous and encysted tumors.

An encysted tumor is one which is formed in a membrane called a cyst, connected with the surrounding parts by the neighboring cellular substance. There are also fatty tumors, called lipomatous or adipose, (adipose sarcoma,) formed by an accumulation of fat in a limited extent of the cellular substance.

1. Affected pomp; bombast in language; swelling word or expressions; false magnificence or sublimity. [Little used.]

TUMORED, n. Distended; swelled.

TUMOROUS, a. Swelling; protuberant.

1. Vainly pompous; bombastic; as language or style. [Little used.]

TUMP, n. [infra.] A little hillock.

TUMP, v.t. [L. tumulus. See Tomb.] In gardening, to form a mass of earth or a hillock round a plant; as, to tump teasel. [This English phrase is not used in America, but it answers nearly to our hilling. See Hill.]

TUMPED, pp. Surrounded with a hillock of earth.

TUMPING, ppr. Raising a mass of earth round a plant.

TUMULAR, a. [L. tumulus, a heap.] Consisting in a heap; formed or being in a heap or hillock.

TUMULATE, v.i. To swell. [Not in use.]

TUMULOSITY, n. [infra.] Hilliness.

TUMULOUS, a. [L. tumulosus.] Full of hills.

TUMULT, n. [L. tumultus, a derivative from tumeo, to swell.]

1. The commotion, disturbance or agitation of a multitude, usually accompanied with great noise, uproar and confusion of voices.

What meaneth the noise of this tumult? 1 Samuel 4:14.

Till in loud tumult all the Greeks arose.

2. Violent commotion or agitation with confusion of sounds; as the tumult of the elements.

3. Agitation; high excitement; irregular or confused motion; as the tumult of the spirits or passions.

4. Bustle; stir.

TUMULT, v.i. To make a tumult; to be in great commotion.

TUMULTUARILY, adv. [from tumultuary.] In a tumultuary or disorderly manner.

TUMULTUARINESS, n. Disorderly or tumultuous conduct; turbulence; disposition to tumult.

TUMULTUARY, a. [L. tumultus.]

1. Disorderly; promiscuous; confused; as a tumultuary conflict.

2. Restless; agitated; unquiet.

Men who live without religion, live always in a tumultuary and restless state.

TUMULTUATE, v.i. [L. tumultuo.] To make a tumult. [Not used.]

TUMULTUATION, n. Commotion; irregular or disorderly movement; as the tumultuation of the parts of a fluid.

TUMULTUOUS, a. Conducted with tumult; disorderly; as a tumultuous conflict; a tumultuous retreat.

1. Greatly agitated; irregular; noisy; confused; as a tumultuous assembly or meeting.

2. Agitated; disturbed; as a tumultuous breast.

3. Turbulent; violent; as a tumultuous speech.

4. Full of tumult and disorder; as a tumultuous state or city.

TUMULTUOUSLY, adv. In a disorderly manner; by a disorderly multitude.

TUMULTUOUSNESS, n. The state of being tumultuous; disorder; commotion.

TUN, n. [L. teneo, to hold; Gr. to stretch.]

1. In a general sense, a large cask; an oblong vessel bulging in the middle, like a pipe or puncheon, and girt with hoops.

2. A certain measure for liquids, as for wine, oil, etc.

3. A quantity of wine, consisting of two pipes or four hogsheads, or 252 gallons. In different countries, the tun differs in quantity.

4. In commerce, the weight of twenty hundreds gross, each hundred consisting of 112 lb = 2240 lb. But by a law of Connecticut, passed June 1827, gross weight is abolished, and a tun is the weight of 2000 lb. It is also a practice in N. York to sell by 2000 lb. to the tun.

5. A certain weight by which the burden of a ship is estimated; as a ship of three hundred tuns, that is, a ship that will carry three hundred times two thousand weight. Forty two cubic feet are allowed to a tun.

6. A certain quantity of timber, consisting of forty solid feet if round, or fifty four feet if square.

7. Proverbially, a large quantity.

8. In burlesque, a drunkard.

9. At the end of names, tun, ton, or don, signifies town, village, or hill.

TUN, v.t. To put into casks.

TUNABLE, a. [from tune.] Harmonious; musical.

And tunable as sylvan pipe or song.

1. That may be put in tune.

TUNABLENESS, n. Harmony; melodiousness.

TUNABLY, adv. Harmoniously; musically.

TUN-BELLIED, a. [tun and belly.] Having a large protuberant belly.

TUN-DISH, n. [tun and dish.] A tunnel.

TUNE, n. [L. tonus.]

1. A series of musical notes in some particular measure, and consisting of a single series, for one voice or instrument, the effect of which is melody; or a union of two or more series or parts to be sung or played in concert, the effect of which is harmony. Thus we say, a merry tune, a lively tune, a grave tune, a psalm tune, a martial tune.

2. Sound; note.

3. Harmony; order; concert of parts.

A continual parliament I thought would but keep the commonweal in tune.

4. The state of giving the proper sounds; as when we say, a harpsichord is in tune; that is, when the several chords are of that tension, that each gives its proper sound, and the sounds of all are at due intervals, both of tones and semitones.

5. Proper state for use or application; right disposition; fit temper or humor. The mind is not in tune for mirth.

A child will learn three times as fast when he is in tune, as he will when he is dragged to this task.

TUNE, v.t. To put into a state adapted to produce the proper sounds; as, to tune a forte-piano; to tune a violin.

Tune your harps.

1. To sing with melody or harmony.

Fountains, and ye that warble as ye flow

Melodious murmurs, warbling tune his praise.

So we say of birds, they tune their notes or lays.

2. To put into a state proper for any purpose, or adapted to produce a particular effect. [Little used.]

TUNE, v.i. To form one sound to another.

While tuning to the waters’fall

The small birds sang to her.

1. To utter inarticulate harmony with the voice.

TUNED, pp. Uttered melodiously or harmoniously; put in order to produce the proper sounds.

TUNEFUL, a. Harmonious; melodious; musical; as tuneful notes; tuneful birds.

TUNELESS, a. Unmusical; unharmonious.

1. Not employed in making music; as a tuneless harp.

TUNER, n. One who tunes.

1. One whose occupation is to tune musical instruments.

TUNG, n. A name given by the Indians to a small insect, called by the Spaniards pique, which inserts its eggs within the human skin; an insect very troublesome in the East and West Indies.

TUNG, n. In man, the instrument of taste, and the chief instrument of speech. [See Tongue.]

TUNGSTATE, n. A salt formed of tungstenic acid and a base.

TUNGSTEN, n. In mineralogy, a mineral of a yellowish or grayish white color, of a lamellar structure, and infusible by the blowpipe. It occurs massive or crystallized, usually in octahedral crystals. This is an ore. The same name is given to the metal obtained from this ore. This metal is procured in small panes as fine as sand, of a strong metallic luster, an iron gray color, and slightly agglutinated. It is one of the hardest of the metals, and very brittle.

TUNGSTENIC, a. Pertaining to or procured from tungsten.

TUNIC, n. [L. tunica. See Town and Tun.]

1. A kind of waistcoat or under garment worn by men in ancient Rome and the east. In the later ages of the republic, the tunic was a long garment with sleeves.

2. Among the religious, a woolen shirt or under garment.

3. In anatomy, a membrane that covers or composes some part or organ; as the tunics or coats of the eye; the tunics of the stomach, or the membranous and muscular layers which compose it.

4. A natural covering; an integument; as the tunic of a seed.

The tunic of the seed, is the arillus, a covering attached to the base only of the seed, near the hilum or scar, and enveloping the rest of the seed more or less completely and closely.

TUNICATED, a. In botany, covered with a tunic or membranes; coated; as a stem.

A tunicated bulb, is one composed of numerous concentric coats, as an onion.