Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary



STRATOGRAPHY, n. [Gr., and army; to describe.] Description of armies, or what belongs to an army. [Not in use.]

STRATUM, n. plu. stratums or strata. The latter is most common. [L., to spread or lay.]

1. In geology and mineralogy, a layer; any species of earth, sand, coal and the like, arranged in a flat form, distinct from the adjacent matter. The thicker strata are called beds; and these beds are sometimes stratified.

2. A bed or layer artificially made.

STRAUGHT, pp. for stretched.

STRAW, n. [G., L. See Strew.]

1. The stalk or stem of certain species of grain, pulse, etc. Chiefly of wheat, rye, oats, barley, buckwheat and peas. When used of single stalks, it admits of a plural, straws. Straws may show which way the wind blows. We say of grain while growing, the straw is large, or it is rusty.

2. A mass of the stalks of certain species of grain when cut, and after being thrashed; as a bundle or a load of straw. In this sense, the word admits not the plural number.

3. Any thing proverbially worthless. I care not a straw for the play. I will not abate a straw.

STRAW, v.t. To spread or scatter. [See Strew and Strow.]

STRAWBERRY, n. [straw and berry.] A plant and its fruit, of the genus Fragaria. Strawberries are of various kinds, all delicious fruit.

STRAWBERRY-TREE, n. An evergreen tree of the genus Arbutus; the fruit is of a fleshy substance, like a strawberry.

STRAW-BUILT, a. [straw and built.] Constructed of straw; as the suburbs of a straw-built citadel.

STRAW-COLOR, n. The color of dry straw; a beautiful yellowish color.

STRAW-COLORED, a. Of a light yellow, the color of dry straw.

STRAW-CUTTER, n. An instrument to cut straw for fodder.

STRAW-DRAIN, n. A drain filled with straw.

STRAW-STUFFED, a. Stuffed with straw.

STRAW-WORM, n. [straw and worm.] A worm bred in straw.


1. Made of straw; consisting of straw.

2. Like straw; light.

STRAY, v.i. [The elements of this word are not certainly known. L., G., to wander, to strike; both probably from the root of reach, stretch. See Straggle.]

1. To wander, as from a direct course; to deviate or go out of the way. We say, to stray from the path or road into the forest or wood.

2. To wander from company, or from the proper limits; as, a sheep strays from the flock; a horse strays from an inclosure.

3. To rove; to wander from the path of duty or rectitude; to err; to deviate.

We have erred and strayed--

4. To wander; to rove at large; to play free and unconfined.

Lo, the glad gales oer all her beauties stray, breathe on her lips and in her bosom play.

5. To wander; to run a serpentine course.

Where Thames among the wanton valley strays.

STRAY, v.t. To mislead. [Not in use.]

1. Any domestic animal that has left an inclosure or its proper place and company, and wanders at large or is lost. The laws provide that strays shall be taken up, impounded and advertised.

Seeing him wander about, I took him up for a stray.

2. The act of wandering. [Little used.]

STRAYER, n. A wanderer. [Little used.]

STRAYING, ppr. Wandering; roving; departing from the direct course, from the proper inclosure, or from the path of duty.

STREAK, n. [G., a stroke or stripe. L.]

1. A line or long mark, of a different color from the ground; a stripe.

What mean those colord streaks in heaven?

2. In a ship, a uniform range of planks on the side or bottom; sometimes pronounced strake.

STREAK, v.t.

1. To form streaks or stripes in; to stripe; to variegate with lines of a different color or of different colors.

A mule admirably streaked and dappled with white and black--

Now streakd and glowing with the morning red.

2. To stretch. [Not elegant.]

STREAK, v.i. To run swiftly. [Vulgar in New England.]

STREAKED, pp. Marked or variegated with stripes of a different color.

STREAKING, ppr. Making streaks in.

STREAKY, a. Having stripes; striped; variegated with lines of a different color.


1. A current of water or other fluid; a liquid substance flowing in a line or course, either on the earth, as a river or brook, or from a vessel or other reservoir or fountain. Hence,

2. A river, brook or rivulet.

3. A current of water in the ocean; as the gulf stream.

4. A current of melted metal or other substance; as a stream of lead or iron flowing from a furnace; a stream of lava from a volcano.

5. Any thing issuing from a source and moving with a continued succession of parts; as a stream of words; a stream of sand.

A stream of beneficence.

6. A continued current of course; as a stream of weather. [Not used.]

The stream of his life.

7. A current of air or gas, or of light.

8. Current; drift; as of opinions or manners. It is difficult to oppose the stream of public opinion.

9. Water.

STREAM, v.i.

1. To flow; to move or run in a continuous current. Blood streams from a vein.

Beneath the banks where rivers stream.

2. To emit; to pour out in abundance. His eyes streamed with tears.

3. To issue with continuance, not by fits.

From opning skies my streaming glories shine.

4. To issue or shoot in streaks; as light streaming from the east.

5. To extend; to stretch in a long line; as a flag streaming in the wind.

STREAM, v.t. To mark with colors or embroidery in long tracts.

The heralds mantle is streamed with gold.

STREAMER, n. An ensign or flag; a pennon extended or flowing in the wind; a poetic use of the word.

Brave Rupert from afar appears, whose waving streamers the glad general knows.


1. Flowing; running in a current.

2. Emitting; pouring out in abundance; as streaming eyes.

3. Flowing; floating loosely; as a flag.

STREAMLET, n. A small stream; a rivulet; a rill.

STREAM-TIN, n. Particles or masses of tin found beneath the surface of alluvial ground.


1. Abounding with running water.

However streamy now, adust and dry, denied the goddess water.

2. Flowing with a current or streak.

His nodding helm emits a streamy ray.

STREEK, v.t. To lay out, as a dead body. [Not in use.]

STREET, n. [L., strewed or spread. See Strew.]

1. Properly, a paved way or road; but in usage, any way or road in a city, chiefly a main way, in distinction from a lane or alley.

2. Among the people of New England, any public highway.

3. Streets, plural, any public way, road or place.

That there be no complaining in our streets. Psalm 144:14.

STREET-WALKER, n. [street and walk.] A common prostitute that offers herself to sale in the streets.

STREET-WARD, n. [street and ward.] Formerly, an officer who had the care of the streets.

STREIGHT, n. A narrow. [See Strait.]

STREIGHT, adv. Strictly. [See Strait.]

STRENE, n. Race; offspring.

STRENGTH, n. [See Strong.]

1. That property or quality of an animal body by which it is enabled to move itself or other bodies. We say, a sick man has not strength to walk, or to raise his head or his arm. We say, a man has strength to lift a weight, or to draw it. This quality is called also power and force. But force is also used to denote the effect of strength exerted, or the quantity of motion. Strength in this sense, is positive, or the power of producing positive motion or action, and is opposed to weakness.

2. Firmness; solidity or toughness; the quality of bodies by which they sustain the application of force without breaking or yielding. Thus we speak of the strength of a bone, the strength of a beam, the strength of a wall, the strength of a rope. In this sense, strength is a passive quality, and is opposed to weakness or frangibility.

3. Power or vigor of any kind.

This act shall crush the strength of Satan.

Strength there must be either of love or war.

4. Power of resisting attacks; fastness; as the strength of a castle or fort.

5. Support; that which supports; that which supplies strength; security.

God is our refuge and strength. Psalm 46:1.

6. Power of mind; intellectual force; the power of any faculty; as strength of memory; strength of reason; strength of judgment.

7. Spirit; animation.

Me thinks I feel new strength within me rise.

8. Force of writing; vigor; nervous diction. The strength of words, of style, of expression and the like, consists in the full and forcible exhibition of ideas, by which a sensible or deep impression is made on the mind of a hearer or reader. It is distinguished from softness or sweetness. Strength of language enforces an argument, produces conviction, or excites wonder or other strong emotion; softness and sweetness give pleasure.

And praise the easy vigor of a line, where Denhams strength and Wellers sweetness join.

9. Vividness; as strength of colors or coloring.

10. Spirit; the quality of any liquor which has the power of affecting the taste, or of producing sensible effects on other bodies; as the strength of wine or spirit; the strength of an acid.

11. The virtue or spirit of any vegetable, or of its juices or qualities.

12. Legal or moral force; validity; the quality of binding, uniting or securing; as the strength of social or legal obligations; the strength of law; the strength of public opinion or custom.

13. Vigor; natural force; as the strength of natural affection.

14. That which supports; confidence.

The allies, after a successful summer, are too apt upon the strength of it to neglect preparation for the ensuing campaign.

15. Amount of force, military or naval; an army or navy; number of troops or ships well appointed. What is the strength of the enemy by land, or by sea?

16. Soundness; force; the quality that convinces, persuades or commands assent; as the strength of an argument or of reasoning; the strength of evidence.

17. Vehemence; force proceeding from motion and proportioned to it; as the strength of wind or a current of water.

18. Degree of brightness or vividness; as the strength of light.

19. Fortification; fortress; as an inaccessible strength. [Not in use.]

20. Support; maintenance of power.

What they boded would be a mischief to us, you are providing shall be one of our principal strengths. [Not used.]

STRENGTH, v.t. To strengthen. [Not in use.]


1. To make strong or stronger; to add strength to, either physical, legal or moral; as, to strengthen a limb; to strengthen an obligation.

2. To confirm; to establish; as, to strengthen authority.

3. To animate; to encourage; to fix in resolution.

Charge Joshua, and encourage him, and strengthen him. Deuteronomy 3:28.

4. To cause to increase in power or security.

Let noble warwick, Cobham and the rest, with powerful policy strengthen themselves.

STRENGTHEN, v.i. To grow strong or stronger.

The disease that shall destroy at length, grows with his growth, and strengthens with his strength.

Grows with his growth, and strengthens with his strength.

STRENGTHENED, pp. Made strong or stronger; confirmed.


1. That which increases strength, physical or moral.

2. In medicine, something which, taken into the system, increases the action and energy of the vital powers.

STRENGTHENING, ppr. Increasing strength, physical or moral; confirming; animating.


1. Wanting strength; destitute of power.

2. Wanting spirit. [Little used.]


1. Eagerly pressing or urgent; zealous; ardent; as a strenuous advocate for national rights; a strenuous opposer of African slavery.

2. Bold and active; valiant, intrepid and ardent; as a strenuous defender of his country.


1. With eager and pressing zeal; ardently.

2. Boldly; vigorously; actively.

STRENUOUSNESS, n. Eagerness; earnestness; active zeal; ardor in pursuit of an object, or in opposition to a measure.

STREPENT, a. [L.] Noisy; loud. [Little used.]

STREPEROUS, a. [L.] Loud; boisterous. [Little used.]


1. Force; urgency; pressure; importance; that which bears with most weight; as the stress of a legal question. Consider how much stress is laid on the exercise of charity in the New Testament.

This, on which the great stress of the business depends--

2. Force or violence; as stress of weather.

3. Force; violence; strain.

Though the faculties of the mind are improved by exercise, yet they must not be put to a stress beyond their strength.

STRESS, v.t. To press; to urge; to distress; to put to difficulties. [Little used.]

STRETCH, v.t. [L.]

1. To draw out to greater length; to extend in a line; as, to stretch a cord or a rope.

2. To extend in breadth; as, to stretch cloth.

3. To spread; to expand; as, to stretch the wings.

4. To reach; to extend.

Stretch thine hand to the poor.

5. To spread; to display; as, to stretch forth the heavens.

6. To draw or pull out in length; to strain; as, to stretch a tendon or muscle.

7. To make tense; to strain.

So the stretchd cord the shackled dancer tries.

8. To extend mentally; as, to stretch the mind or thoughts.

9. To exaggerate; to extend too far; as, to stretch the truth; to stretch ones credit.


1. To be extended; to be drawn out in length or in breadth, or both. A wet hempen cord or cloth contracts; in drying, it stretches.

2. To be extended; to spread; as, a lake stretches over a hundred miles of earth. Lake Erie stretches from Niagara nearly to Huron. Hence,

3. To stretch to, is to reach.

4. To be extended or to bear extension without breaking, as elastic substances.

The inner membrane--because it would stretch and yield, remained unbroken.

5. To sally beyond the truth; to exaggerate. A man who is apt to stretch, has less credit than others.

6. In navigation, to sail; to direct a course. It is often understood to signify to sail under a great spread of canvas close hauled. In this it differs from stand, which implies no press of sail. We were standing to the east, when we saw a ship stretching to the southward.

7. To make violent efforts in running.


1. Extension in length or in breadth; reach; as a great stretch of wings.

2. Effort; struggle; strain.

Those put lawful authority upon the stretch to the abuse of power, under color of prerogative.

3. Force of body; straining.

By stretch of arms the distant shore to gain.

4. Utmost extent of meaning.

Quotations, in their utmost stretch, can signify no more than that Luther lay under severe agonies of mind.

5. Utmost reach of power.

This is the utmost stretch that nature can.

6. In sailing, a tack; the reach or extent of progress on one tack.

7. Course; direction; as the stretch of seams of coal.

STRETCHED, pp. Drawn out in length; extended; exerted to the utmost.


1. He or that which stretches.

2. A term in bricklaying.

3. A piece of timber in building.

4. A narrow piece of plank placed across a boat for the rowers to set their feet against.

STRETCHING, ppr. Drawing out in length; extending; spreading; exerting force.

STREW, v.t. [This verb is written straw, strew, or strow; straw is nearly obsolete, and strow is obsolescent. Strew is generally used.]

1. To scatter; to spread by scattering; always applied to dry substances separable into parts or particles; as, to strew seed in beds; to strew sand on or over a floor; to strew flowers over a grave.

2. To spread by being scattered over.

The snow which does the top of Pindus strew.

Is thine alone the seed that strews the plain?

3. To scatter loosely.

And strewd his mangled limbs about the field.


1. Scattered; spread by scattering; as sand strewed on paper.

2. Covered or sprinkled with something scattered; as a floor strewed with sand.

STREWING, ppr. Scattering; spreading over.


1. The act of scattering or spreading over.

2. Any thing fit to be strewed.

STREWMENT, n. Any thing scattered in decoration. [Not used.]

STRIAE, n. plu. [L. See Streak.] In natural history, small channels in the shells of cockles and in other substances.


1. Formed with small channels; channeled.

2. In botany, streaked; marked or scored with superficial or very slender lines; marked with fine parallel lines.

Striated fracture, in mineralogy, consists of long narrow separable parts laid on or beside each other.

STRIATURE, n. Disposition of striae.

STRICK, n. [Gr., L., a screech-owl.] A bird of ill omen. [Not in use.]

STRICKEN, pp. of strike.

1. Struck; smitten; as the stricken deer. [See Strike.]

2. Advanced; worn; far gone.

Abraham was old and well stricken in age. Genesis 24:1.

STRICKLE, n. [from strike.]

1. A strike; an instrument to strike grain to a level with the measure. [In the United States the word strike is used.]

2. An instrument for whetting sythes.

STRICT, a. [L. See Strain.]

1. Strained; drawn close; tight; as a strict embrace; a strict ligature.

2. Tense; not relaxed; as a strict or lax fiber.

3. Exact; accurate; rigorously nice; as, to keep strict watch. Observe the strictest rules of virtue and decorum.

4. Severe; rigorous; governed or governing by exact rules; observing exact rules; as, the father is very strict in observing the sabbath. The master is very strict with his apprentices.

5. Rigorous; not mild or indulgent; as strict laws.

6. Confined; limited; not with latitude; as, to understand words in a strict sense.


1. Closely; tightly.

2. Exactly; with nice accuracy; as, patriotism strictly so called, is a noble virtue.

3. Positively. He commanded his son strictly to proceed no further.

4. Rigorously; severely; without remission or indulgence.

Examine thyself strictly whether thou didst not best at first.


1. Closeness; tightness; opposed to laxity.

2. Exactness in the observance of rules, laws, rites and the like; rigorous accuracy; nice regularity or precision.

I could not grant too much or distrust too little to men that pretended singular piety and religious strictness.

3. Rigor; severity.

These commissioners proceeded with such strictness and severity as did much obscure the kings mercy.

STRICTURE, n. [L. See Strike and Stroke.]

1. A stroke; a glance; a touch.

2. A touch of criticism; critical remark; censure.

I have given myself the liberty of these strictures by way of reflection, on every passage.

3. A drawing; a spasmodic or other morbid contraction of any passage of the body.

STRIDE, n. [L.] A long step.

Her voice theatrically loud, and masculine her stride.

STRIDE, v.i. pret. strid, strode; pp. strid, stridden.

1. To walk with long steps.

Mars in the middle of the shining shield is gravd, and strides along the field.

2. To straddle.

STRIDE, v.t. To pass over at a step.

See him stride valleys wide.

STRIDING, ppr. Walking with long steps; passing over at a step.

STRIDOR, n. [L.] A harsh creaking noise, or a crack.

STRIDULOUS, a. [L.] Making a small harsh sound or a creaking.

STRIFE, n. [See Strive.]

1. Exertion or contention for superiority; contest of emulation, either by intellectual or physical efforts. Strife may be carried on between students or between mechanics.

Thus Gods contended, noble strife, who most should ease the wants of life.

2. Contention in anger or enmity; contest; struggle for victory; quarrel or war.

I and my people were at great strife with the children of Ammon. Judges 12:2.

These vows thus granted, raisd a strife above betwixt the god of war and queen of love.

3. Opposition; contrariety; contrast.

Artificial strife lives in these touches livelier than life.

4. The agitation produced by different qualities; as the strife of acid and alkali. [Little used.]

STRIFEFUL, a. Contentious; discordant.

The ape was strifeful and ambitious and the fox guileful and most covetous.

STRIGMENT, n. [L.] Scraping; that which is scraped off. [Not in use.]

STRIGOUS, a. [L.] In botany, a strigous leaf is one set with stiff lanceolate bristles.

STRIKE, v.t. pret. struck; pp. struck and stricken; but struck is in the most common use. Strook is wholly obsolete. [G., to pass, move or ramble, to depart, to touch, to stroke, to glide or glance over, to lower or strike, as sails, to curry; L., to sweep together, to spread, as a plaster, to play on a violin, to card, as wool, to strike or whip, as with a rod; a stroke, stripe or lash.]

1. To touch or hit with some force, either with the hand or an instrument; to give a blow to, either with the open hand, the fist, a stick, club or whip, or with a pointed instrument, or with a ball or an arrow discharged. An arrow struck the shield; a ball strikes a ship between wind and water.

He at Philippi kept his sword een like a dancer, while I struck the lean and wrinkled Cassius.

2. To dash; to throw with a quick motion.

They shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side-posts. Exodus 12:7.

3. To stamp; to impress; to coin; as, to strike coin at the mint; to strike dollars or sovereigns; also, to print; as, to strike five hundred copies of a book.

4. To thrust in; to cause to enter or penetrate; as, a tree strikes its root deep.

5. To punish; to afflict; as smite is also used.

To punish the just is not good, nor to strike princes for equity. Proverbs 17:26.

6. To cause to sound; to notify by sound; as, the clock strikes twelve; the drums strike up a march.

7. To run upon; to be stranded. The ship struck at twelve, and remained fast.

8. To pass with a quick or strong effect; to dart; to penetrate.

Now and then a beam of wit or passion strikes through the obscurity of the poem.

9. To lower a flag or colors in token of respect, or to signify a surrender of the ship to an enemy.

10. To break forth; as, to strike into reputation. [Not in use.]

To strike in, to enter suddenly; also, to recede from the surface, as an eruption; to disappear.

To strike in with, to conform to; to suit itself to; to join with at once.

To strike out, to wander; to make a sudden excursion; as, to strike out into an irregular course of life.

To strike, among workmen in manufactories, in England, is to quit work I a body or by combination, in order to compel their employers to raise their wages.


1. An instrument with a straight edge for leveling a measure of grain, salt and the like, for scraping off what is above the level of the top.

2. A bushel; four pecks. [Local.]

3. A measure of four bushels or half a quarter. [Local.]

Strike of flax, a handful that may be hackled at once. [Local.]

STRIKE-BLOCK, n. [strike and block.] A plane shorter than a jointer, used for shooting a short joint.


1. One that strikes, or that which strikes.

2. In Scripture, a quarrelsome man. Titus 1:7.


1. Hitting with a blow; impressing; imprinting; punishing; lowering, as sails or a mast, etc.

2. a. Affecting with strong emotions; surprising; forcible; impressive; as a striking representation or image.

3. Strong; exact; adapted to make impression; as a striking resemblance of features.

STRIKINGLY, adv. In such a manner as to affect or surprise; forcibly; strongly; impressively.

STRIKINGNESS, n. The quality of affecting or surprising.

STRING, n. [G., L., drawing, stretching.]

1. A small rope, line or cord, or a slender strip of lether or other like substance, used for fastening or tying things.

2. A ribin.

Round Ormonds knee thou tyst the mystic string.

3. A thread on which any thing is filed; and hence, a line of things; as a string of shells or beads.

4. The chord of a musical instrument, as of a harpsichord, harp or violin; as an instrument of ten strings.

5. A fiber, as of a plant.

Duck weed putteth forth a little string into the water, from the bottom.

6. A nerve or tendon of an animal body.

The string of his tongue was loosed. Mark 7:35.

[This is not a technical word.]

7. The line or cord of a bow.

He twangs the quivring string.

8. A series of things connected or following in succession; any concatenation of things; as a string of arguments; a string of propositions.

9. In ship-building, the highest range of planks in a ships ceiling, or that between the gunwale and the upper edge of the upper deck ports.

10. The tough substance that unites the two parts of the pericarp of leguminous plants; as the strings of beans.

To have two strings to the bow, to have two expedients for executing a project or gaining a purpose; to have a double advantage, or to have two views. [In the latter sense, unusual.]

STRING, v.t. pret. and pp. strung.

1. To furnish with strings.

Has not wise nature strung the legs and feet?

2. To put in tune a stringed instrument.

For here the muse so oft her harp has strung--

3. To file; to put on a line; as, to string beads or pearls.

4. To make tense; to strengthen.

Toil strung the nerves, and purified the blood.

5. To deprive of strings; as, to string beans.


1. Having strings; as a stringed instrument.

2. Produced by strings; as stringed noise.

STRINGENT, for astringent, binding, is not in use.

STRINGHALT, n. [string and halt.] A sudden twitching of the hinder leg of a horse, or an involuntary or convulsive motion of the muscles that extend or bend the hough. [This word in some of the United States, is corrupted into springhalt.]

STRINGING, ppr. Furnishing with strings; putting in tune; filling; making tense; depriving of strings.

STRINGLESS, a. Having no strings.

His tongue is now a stringless instrument.


1. Consisting of strings or small threads; fibrous; filamentous; as a stringy root.

2. Ropy; viscid; gluey; that may be drawn into a thread.

STRIP, v.t. [G., to strip, to flay, to stripe or streak, to graze upon, to swerve, ramble or stroll. L.]

1. To pull or tear off, as a covering; as, to strip the skin from a beast; to strip the bark from a tree; to strip the clothes from a man’s back.

2. To deprive of a covering; to skin; to peel; as, to strip a beast of his skin; to strip a tree of its bark; to strip a man of his clothes.

3. To deprive; to bereave; to make destitute; as, to strip a man of his possessions.

4. To divest; as, to strip one of his rights and privileges. Let us strip this subject of all its adventitious glare.

5. To rob; to plunder; as, robbers strip a house.

6. To bereave; to deprive; to impoverish; as a man stripped of his fortune.

7. To deprive; to make bare by cutting, grazing or other means; as cattle strip the ground of its herbage.

8. To pull off husks; to husk; as, to strip maiz, or the ears of maiz.

9. To press out the last milk at a milking.

10. To unrig; as, to strip a ship.

11. To pare off the surface of land in strips, and turn over the strips upon the adjoining surface.

To strip off,

1. To pull or take off; as, to strip off a covering; to strip off a mask or disguise.

2. To cast off. [Not in use.]

3. To separate from something connected. [Not in use.]

[We may observe the primary sense of this word is to peel or skin, hence to pull off in a long narrow piece; hence stripe.]

STRIP, n. [G., a stripe, a streak.]

1. A narrow piece, comparatively long; as a strip of cloth.

2. Waste, in a legal sense; destruction of fences, buildings, timber, etc.

STRIPE, n. [See Strip. It is probable that this word is taken from stripping.]

1. A line or long narrow division of any thing, of a different color from the ground as a stripe of red on a green ground; hence, any linear variation of color.

2. A strip or long narrow piece attached to something of a different color; as a long stripe sewed upon a garment.

3. The weal or long narrow mark discolored by a lash or rod.

4. A stroke made with a lash, whip, rod, strap or scourge.

Forty stripes may he give him, and not exceed. Deuteronomy 25:3.

[A blow with a club is not a stripe.]

5. Affliction; punishment; sufferings.

By his stripes are we healed. Isaiah 53:5.

STRIPE, v.t.

1. To make stripes; to form with lines of different colors; to variegate with stripes.

2. To stripe; to lash. [Little used.]


1. Formed with lines of different colors.

2. a. Having stripes of different colors.

STRIPING, ppr. Forming with stripes.

STRIPLING, n. [from strip, stripe; primarily a tall slender youth, one that shoots up suddenly.] A youth in the state of adolescence, or just passing from boyhood to manhood; a lad.

And the king said, inquire thou whose son the stripling is. 1 Samuel 17:56.

STRIPPED, pp. Pulled or torn off; peeled; skinned; deprived; divested; made naked; impoverished; husked, as maiz.

STRIPPER, n. One that strips.

STRIPPING, ppr. Pulling off; peeling; skinning; flaying; depriving; divesting; husking.

STRIPPINGS, n. The last milk drawn from a cow at a milking.

STRIVE, v.i. pret. strove; pp. striven. [G. This word coincides in elements with drive, and the primary sense is nearly the same. See Rival.]

1. To make efforts; to use exertions; to endeavor with earnestness; to labor hard; applicable to exertions of body or mind. A workman strives to perform his task before another; a student strives to excel his fellows in improvement.

Was it for this that his ambition strove to equal Cesar first, and after Jove?

Strive with me in your prayers to God for me. Romans 15:30.

Strive to enter in at the strait gate. Luke 13:24.

2. To contend; to contest; to struggle in opposition to another; to be in contention or dispute; followed by against or with before the person or thing opposed; as, strive against temptation; strive for the truth.

My spirit shall not always strive with man. Genesis 6:3.

3. To oppose by contrariety of qualities.

Now private pity strove with public hate, reason with rage, and eloquence with fate.

4. To vie; to be comparable to; to emulate; to contend in excellence.

Not that sweet grove of Daphne by Orontes, and the inspird Castalian spring, might with this paradise of Eden strive.

STRIVER, n. One that strives or contends; one who makes efforts of body or mind.

STRIVING, ppr. Making efforts; exerting the power of body or mind with earnestness; contending.

STRIVING, n. The act of making efforts; contest; contention.

Avoid foolish questions and genealogies and contentions, and strivings about the law. Titus 3:9.

STRIVINGLY, adv. With earnest efforts; with struggles.

STROBIL, n. [L.] In botany, a pericarp formed from an ament by the hardening of the scales. It is made up of scales that are imbricate, from an ament contracted or squeezed together in this states of maturity, as the cone of the pine.

STROBILIFORM, a. [L., supra.] Shaped like a strobil, as a spike.

STROCAL, STROKAL, n. An instrument used by glass-makers to empty the metal from one pot to another.

STROKE, STROOK, for struck.

STROKE, n. [from strike.]

1. A blow; the striking of one body against another; applicable to a club or to any heavy body, or to a rod, whip or lash. A piece of timber falling may kill a man by its stroke; a man when whipped, can hardly fail to flinch or wince at every stroke.

Th oars were silver, which to the time of flutes kept stroke--

2. A hostile blow or attack.

He entered and won the whole kingdom of Naples without striking a stroke.

3. A sudden attack of disease or affliction; calamity.

At this one stroke the man lookd dead in law.

4. Fatal attack; as the stroke of death.

5. The sound of the clock.

What is’t o’clock? Upon the stroke of four.

6. The touch of a pencil.

Oh, lasting as those colors may they shine, free as thy stroke, yet faultless as thy line.

Some parts of my work have been brightened by the strokes of your lordshipss pencil.

7. A touch; a masterly effort; as the boldest strokes of poetry.

He will give one of the finishing strokes to it.

8. An effort suddenly or unexpectedly produced.

9. Power; efficacy.

He has a great stroke with the reader, when he condemns any of my poems, to make the world have a better opinion of them.

[I believe this sense is obsolete.]

10. A dash in writing or printing; a line; a touch of the pen; as a hair stroke.

STROKE, v.t. [See Strike and Strict.]

1. To rub gently with the hand by way of expressing kindness or tenderness; to soothe.

He dried the falling drops, and yet more kind, he strokd her cheeks--

2. To rub gently in one direction.

3. To make smooth.