Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary



RUSH-LIKE, a. Resembling a rush; weak.


1. Abounding with rushes.

2. Made of rushes.

My rushy couch and fugal fare.

RUSK, n.

1. A kind of light cake.

2. Hard bread for stores.

RUSMA, n. A brown and light iron substance, with half as much quicklime steeped in water, of which the Turkish women make their psilothron to take off their hair.

RUSS, a. roos. Pertaining to the Russ or Russians. [The native word is Russ. We have Russia from the south of Europe.]

RUSS, n. roos. The language of the Russ or Russians.

RUSSET, a. [L. russus. See Red and Ruddy.]

1. Of a reddish brown color; as a russet mantle.

Our summer such a russet livery wears.

2. Coarse; homespun; rustic.

RUSSET, n. A country dress.
RUSSET, RUSSETING, n. A kind of apple of a russet color and rough skin. [I have never known a pear so called in America, though it seems that in England pears have this name.]

RUSSIAN, a. roo’shan. Pertaining to Russia.

RUSSIAN, n. roo’shan. A native of Russia.

RUST, n. [Gr. probably from its color, and allied to ruddy, red, as L. rubigo is from rubeo. See Ruddy.]

1. The oxyd of a metal; a substance composed of oxygen combined with a metal, and forming a rough coat on its surface. All metals except gold are liable to rust.

2. Loss of power by inactivity, as metals lose their brightness and smoothness when not used.

3. Any foul matter contracted; as rust on corn or salted meat.

4. Foul extraneous matter; as sacred truths cleared from the rust of human mixtures.

5. A disease in grain, a kind of dust which gathers on the stalks and leaves.

RUST, v.i.

1. To contract rust; to be oxydized and contract a roughness on the surface.

Our armors now may rust.

2. To degenerate in idleness; to become dull by inaction.

Must I rust in Egypt?

3. To gather dust or extraneous matter.

RUST, v.t.

1. To cause to contract rust.

Keep up your bright swords, for the dew will rust them.

2. To impair by time and inactivity.

RUSTED, pp. Affected with rust.

RUSTIC, RUSTICAL, a. [L. rusticus, from rus, the country.]

1. Pertaining to the country; rural; as the rustic gods of antiquity.

2. Rude; unpolished; rough; awkward; as rustic manners or behavior.

3. Coarse; plain; simple; as rustic entertainment; rustic dress.

4. Simple; artless; unadorned.

Rustic work, in a building, is when the stones, etc., in the face of it, are hacked or pecked so as to be rough.

RUSTIC, n. An inhabitant of the country; a clown.

RUSTICALLY, adv. Rudely; coarsely; without refinement or elegance.

RUSTICALNESS, n. The quality of being rustical; rudeness; coarseness; want of refinement.

RUSTICATE, v.i. [L. rusticor, from rus.] To dwell or reside in the country.

RUSTICATE, v.t. To compel to reside in the country; to banish from a town or college for a time.

RUSTICATED, pp. Compelled to reside in the country.

RUSTICATING, ppr. Compelling to reside in the country.


1. Residence in the country.

2. In universities and colleges, the punishment of a student for some offense, by compelling him to leave the institution and reside for a time in the country.

RUSTICITY, n. [L. rusticitas.]

The qualities of a countryman; rustic manners; rudeness; coarseness; simplicity; artlessness.

RUSTILY, adv. In a rusty state.

RUSTINESS, n. [from rusty.] The state of being rusty.

RUSTING, ppr. Contracting rust; causing to rust.

RUSTLE, v.i. rus’l.

To make a quick succession of small sounds, like the rubbing of silk cloth or dry leaves; as a rustling silk; rustling leaves or trees; rustling wings.

He is coming; I hear the straw rustle.

RUSTLING, ppr. Making the sound of silk cloth when rubbed.

RUSTLING, n. A quick succession of small sounds, as a brushing among dry leaves or straw.


1. Covered or affected with rust; as a rusty knife or sword.

2. Dull; impaired by inaction or neglect of use.

3. Surly; morose.

4. Covered with foul or extraneous matter.

RUT, n. The copulation of deer.

RUT, v.i. To lust, as deer.
RUT, n. [L. rota, a wheel.] The track of a wheel.

RUTA BAGA, n. The Swedish turnip.

RUTH, n. [from rue.]

1. Mercy; pity; tenderness; sorrow for the misery of another Obs.

2. Misery; sorrow. Obs.

RUTHENUS, n. A fish of the genus Accipenser.


1. Rueful; woeful; sorrowful. Obs.

2. Merciful. Obs.


1. Woefully; sadly. Obs.

2. Sorrowfully; mournfully. Obs.

RUTHLESS, a. Cruel; pitiless; barbarous; insensible to the miseries of others.

Their rage the hostile bands restrain, all but the ruthless monarch of the main.

RUTHLESSLY, adv. Without pity; cruelly; barbarously.

RUTHLESSNESS, n. Want of compassion; insensibility to the distresses of others.

RUTIL, RUTILE, n. Sphene, an oxyd of titanium, of a dark red color, or of a light or brownish red. It occurs massive, disseminated, membranous, and in crystals.

RUTILANT, a. [L. rutilans, rutilo, to whine; perhaps from the root of red, ruddy.]


RUTILATE, v.i. [L. rutilo.] To shine; to emit rays of light. [not used.]

RUTTER, n. [See Ride.]

A horseman or trooper. [Not in use.]

RUTTERKIN, n. A word of contempt; an old crafty fox or beguiler. [Not in use.]

RUTTIER, n. Direction of the road or course at sea; an old traveler acquainted with roads; an old soldier. [Not in use.]

RUTTISH, a. [from rut.] Lustful; libidinous.

RUTTLE, for rattle, not much used.

RYAL, n. A coin. [See Rial.]

RYDER, n. A clause added to a bill in parliament. [See Rider and Ride.]

RYE, n. [This word is the English rough.]

1. An esculent grain of the genus Secale, of a quality inferior to wheat, but a species of grain easily cultivated, and constituting a large portion of bread stuff.

2. A disease in a hawk.

RYE-GRASS, n. A species of strong grass, of the genus Hordeum.

RYOT, n. In Hindoostan, a renter of land by a lease which is considered as perpetual, and at a rate fixed by ancient surveys and valuations.