Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary



RESALE, n. [re and sale.]

1. A sale at second hand.

2. To return a salutation.

RESALUTE, v.t. [L. resaluto; re and saluto, to salute.]

1. To salute or greet anew.

2. To return a salutation.

RESALUTED, pp. Saluted again.

RESALUTING, ppr. Saluting anew.

RESCIND, v.t. [L. rescindo; re and scindo; to cut.]

1. To abrogate; to revoke; to annul; to vacate an act by the enacting authority or by superior authority; as, to rescind a law, a resolution or a vote; to rescind an edict or decree; to rescind a judgment.

2. To cut off. [Not used.]

RESCISSION, n. resizh’on. [L. rescissus.]

1. The act of abrogating, annulling or vacating; as the rescission of a law, decree or judgment.

2. A cutting off.

RESCISSORY, a. Having power to cut off or to abrogate.

RESCOUS, in law. [See Rescue.]

RESCRIBE, v.t. [L. rescribo; re and scribo, to write.]

1. To write back.

2. To write over again.

RESCRIPT, n. [L. rescriptum, rescribo.] The answer of an emperor, when consulted by particular persons on some difficult question. This answer serves as a decision of the question, and is therefore equivalent to an edict or decree.

RESCRIPTIVELY, adv. By rescript. [Unusual.]

RESCUABLE, a. That may be rescued.

RESCUE, v.t. res’cu. [L. re and quatio.]

To free or deliver from any confinement, violence, danger or evil; to liberate from actual restraint, or to remove or withdraw from a state of exposure to evil; as, to rescue a prisoner from an officer; to rescue seamen from destruction by shipwreck.

So the people rescued Jonathan that he died not. 1 Samuel 14:45; 1 Samuel 30:18; Psalm 35:17.

Cattle taken by distress contrary to law, may be rescued by the owner, while on their way to the pound.

Estimate the value of one soul rescued from eternal guilt and agony, and destined to grow forever in the knowledge and likeness of God.

RESCUE, n. [See the Verb.]

1. Deliverance from restraint, violence or danger, by force or by the interference of an agent.

2. In law, rescue or rescous, the forcible retaking of a lawful distress from the distrainor, or from the custody of the law; also, the forcible liberation of a defendant from the custody of the officer, in which cases, the remedy is by writ of rescous. But when the distress is unlawfully taken, the owner may lawfully make rescue.

The rescue of a prisoner from the court, is punished with perpetual imprisonment and forfeiture of goods.

RESCUED, pp. Delivered from confinement or danger; or forcibly taken from the custody of the law.

RESCUER, n. One that rescues or retakes.

RESCUING, ppr. Liberating from restraint or danger; forcibly taking from the custody of the law.

RESEARCH, n. reserch’. Diligent inquiry or examination in seeking facts or principles; laborious or continued search after truth; as researches of human wisdom.

RESEARCH, v.t. reserch’.

1. To search or examine with continued care; to seek diligently for the truth.

It is not easy to research with due distinction, in the actions of eminent personages, both how much may have been blemished by the envy of others, and what was corrupted by their own felicity. [Unusual.]

2. To search again; to examine anew.

RESEARCHER, n. reserch’er. One who diligently inquires or examines.

RESEAT, v.t. [re and seat.] To seat or set again.

RESEATED, pp. Seated again.

RESEATING, ppr. Seating again.

RESECTION, n. [L. resectio, reseco.] The act of cutting or paring off.

RESEEK, v.t. pret. and pp. resought. [re and seek.]

To seek again.

RESEIZE, v.t. [re and seize.]

1. To seize again; to seize a second time.

2. In law, to take possession of lands and tenements which have been disseized.

Whereupon the sheriff is commanded to reseize the land and all the chattels thereon, and keep the same in his custody till the arrival of the justices of assize.

RESEIZED, pp. Seized again.

RESEIZER, n. One who seizes again.

RESEIZING, ppr. Seizing again.

RESEIZURE, n. resc’zhur. A second seizure; the act of seizing again.

RESELL, v.t. To sell again; to sell what has been bought or sold.

RESEMBLABLE, a. [See Resemble.] That may be compared. [Not in use.]

RESEMBLANCE, n. [See Resemble.]

1. Likeness; similitude, either of external form or of qualities. We observe a resemblance between persons, a resemblance in shape, a resemblance in manners, a resemblance in dispositions. Painting and poetry bear a great resemblance to each other, as one object of both is to please.

2. Something similar; similitude; representation.

These sensible things which religion hath allowed, are resemblances formed according to things spiritual.

Fairest resemblance of thy Maker fair -

RESEMBLE, v.t. s as z. [See Similar.]

1. To have the likeness of; to bear the similitude of something, either in form, figure or qualities. One man may resemble another in features; he may resemble a third person in temper or deportment.

Each one resembled the children of a king. Judges 8:18.

2. To liken; to compare; to represent as like something else.

The torrid parts of Africa are resembled to a libbard’s skin, the distance of whose spots represents the dispersed situation of the habitations.

RESEMBLED, pp. Likened; compared.

RESEMBLING, ppr. Having the likeness of; likening; comparing.

RESEND, v.t. pret. and pp. resent. [re and send.]

To send again; to send back. [Not in use.]

RESENT, v.t. s as z. [L. sentio.]

1. To take well; to receive with satisfaction. Obs.

2. To take ill; to consider as an injury or affront; to be in some degree angry or provoked at.

Thou with scorn and anger would’st resent the offer’d wrong.

RESENTED, pp. Taken ill; being in some measure angry at.


1. One who resents; one that feels an injury deeply.

2. In the sense of one that takes a thing well. Obs.

RESENTFUL, a. Easily provoked to anger; of an irritable temper.

RESENTING, ppr. Taking ill; feeling angry at.


1. With a sense of wrong or affront; with a degree of anger.

2. With deep sense or strong perception. Obs.

RESENTIVE, a. Easily provoked or irritated; quick to feel an injury or affront.


1. The excitement of passion which proceeds from a sense of wrong offered to ourselves, or to those who are connected with us; anger. This word usually expresses less excitement than anger, though it is often synonymous with it. It expresses much less than wrath, exasperation, and indignation. In this use, resentment is not the sense or perception of injury, but the excitement which is the effect of it.

Can heavenly minds such high resentment show?

2. Strong perception of good. [Not in use.]

RESERVATION, n. s as z. [L. reservo.]

1. The act of reserving or keeping back or in the mind; reserve; concealment or withholding from disclosure; as mental reservation.

2. Something withheld, either not expressed or disclosed, or not given up or brought forward.

With reservation of a hundred knights.

In the United States, a tract of land not sold with the rest, is called a reservation.

3. Custody; state of being treasured up or kept in store.

4. In law, a clause or part of an instrument by which something is reserved, not conceded or granted; also, a proviso.

Mental reservation is the withholding of expression or disclosure of something that affects a proposition or statement, and which if disclosed, would materially vary its import.

Mental reservations are the refuge of hypocrites.

RESERVATIVE, a. Keeping; reserving.

RESERVATORY, n. [from reserve.] A place in which things are reserved or kept.

RESERVE, v.t. rezerv’. [L. reservo; re and servo, to keep.]

1. To keep in store for future or other use; to withhold from present use for another purpose. The farmer sells his corn, reserving only what is necessary for his family.

Hast thou seen the treasures of hail, which I have reserved against the day of trouble? Job 38:23.

2. To keep; to hold; to retain.

Will he reserve his anger for ever? Jeremiah 3:5.

3. To lay up and keep for a future time. 2 Peter 2:9.

Reserve your kind looks and language for private hours.

RESERVE, n. rezerv’.

1. That which is kept for other or future use; that which is retained from present use or disposal.

The virgins, besides the oil in their lamps, carried likewise a reserve in some other vessel for a continual supply.

2. Something in the mind withheld from disclosure.

However any one may concur in the general scheme, it is still with certain reserves and deviations.

3. Exception; something withheld.

Is knowledge so despis’d? or envy, or what reserve forbids to taste?

4. Exception in favor.

Each has some darling lust, which pleads for a reserve.

5. Restraint of freedom in words or actions; backwardness; caution in personal behavior. Reserve may proceed from modesty, bashfulness, prudence, prudery or sullenness.

My soul surpris’d, and from her sex disjoin’d, left all reserve, and all the sex behind.

6. In law, reservation.

In reserve, in store; in keeping for other or future use. He has large quantities of wheat in reserve. He has evidence or arguments in reserve.

Body of reserve, in military affairs, the third or last line of an army drawn up for battle, reserved to sustain the other lines as occasion may require; a body of troops kept for an exigency.


1. Kept for another or future use; retained.

2. a. Restrained from freedom in words or actions; backward in conversation; not free or frank.

To all obliging, yet reserv’d to all.

Nothing reserv’d or sullen was to see.


1. With reserve; with backwardness; not with openness or frankness.

2. Scrupulously; cautiously; coldly.

RESERVEDNESS, n. Closeness; want of frankness, openness or freedom. A man may guard himself by that silence and reservedness which every one may innocently practice.

RESERVER, n. One that reserves.

RESERVING, ppr. Keeping back; keeping for other use or for use at a future time; retaining.

RESERVOIR, n. A place where any thing is kept in store, particularly a place where water is collected and kept for use when wanted, as to supply a fountain, a canal or a city by means of aqueducts, or to drive a mill-wheel and the like; a cistern; a mill-pond; a bason.

RESET, n. In Scots law, the receiving and harboring of an outlaw or a criminal.

RESETTLE, v.t. [re and settle.]

1. To settle again.

2. To install, as a minister of the gospel.

RESETTLE, v.i. to settle in the ministry a second time; to be installed.

RESETTLED, pp. Settled again; installed.


1. The act of settling or composing again.

The resettlement of my discomposed soul.

2. The state of settling or subsiding again; as the resettlement of lees.

3. A second settlement in the ministry.

RESETTLING, ppr. Settling again; installing.

RESHIP, v.t. [re and ship.] To ship again; to ship what has been conveyed by water or imported; as coffee and sugar imported into New York, and reshipped for Hamburg.


1. the act of shipping or loading on board of a ship a second time; the shipping for exportation what has been imported.

2. That which is reshipped.

RESHIPPED, pp. Shipped again.

RESHIPPING, ppr. Shipping again.

RESIANCE, n. [See Resiant.] Residence; abode. Obs.

RESIANT, a. [L. resideo. See Reside.]

Resident; dwelling; present in a place. Obs.

RESIDE, v.i. s as z. [L. resideo, resido; re and sedeo, to sit, to settle.]

1. to dwell permanently or for a length of time; to have a settled abode for a time. the peculiar uses of this word are to be noticed. When the word is appliced to the natives of a state, or others who dwell in it as permanent citizens, we use it only with reference to the part of a city or country in which a man dwells. We do not say generally that Englishmen reside in England, but a particular citizen resides in London or York, or at such a house in such a street, in the Strand, etc.

When the word is applied to strangers or travelers, we do not say, a man resides in an inn for a night, but he resided in London or Oxford a month, or a year; or part of his life. A man lodges, stays, remains, abides, for a day or very short time, but reside implies a longer time, though not definite.

2. To sink to the bottom of liquors; to settle. Obs.

[In this sense, subside is now used.]


1. The act of abiding or dwelling in a place for some continuance of time; as the residence of an American in France or Italy for a year.

The confessor had often made considerable residences in Normandy.

2. The place of abode; a dwelling; a habitation.

Caprea had been - the residence of Tiberius for several years.

3. That which falls to the bottom of liquors. Obs.

4. In the canon and common law, the abode of a person or incumbent on his benefice; opposed to non-residence.

RESIDENT, a. [L. residens.]

Dwelling or having an abode in a place for a continuance of time, but not definite; as a minister resident at the court of St. James. A B is now resident in South America.


1. One who resides or dwells in a place for some time. A B is now a resident in London.

2. A public minister who resides at a foreign court. It is usually applied to ministers of a rank inferior to that of embassadors.

RESIDENTIARY, a. Having residence.

RESIDENTIARY, n. An ecclesiastic who keeps a certain residence.

RESIDER, n. One who resides in a particular place.

RESIDING, ppr. Dwelling in a place for some continuance of time.

RESIDUAL, a. Remaining after a part is taken.

RESIDUARY, a. [L. residuus. See Reside.]

Pertaining to the residue or part remaining; as the residuary advantage of an estate.

Residuary legatee, in law, the legatee to whom is bequeathed the part of goods and estate which remains after deducting all the debts and specific legacies.

RESIDUE, n. [L. residuus.]

1. That which remains after a part is taken, separated, removed or designated.

The locusts shall eat the residue of that which has escaped. Exodus 10:5.

The residue of them will I deliver to the sword. Jeremiah 15:9.

2. The balance or remainder of a debt or account.


1. Residue; that which is left after any process of separation or purification.

2. In law, the part of an estate or of goods and chattels remaining after the payment of debts and legacies.

RESIEGE, v.t. [re and siege.] To seat again; to reinstate. Obs.

RESIGN, v.t. rezi’ne. [L. resigno; re and signo, to sign. The radical sense of sign is to send, to drive, hence to set. To resign is to send, to drive, hence to set. To resign is to send back or send away.]

1. To give up; to give back, as an office or commission, to the person or authority that conferred it; hence, to surrender an office or charge in a formal manner; as, a military officer resigns his commission; a prince resigns his crown.

Phoebus resigns his darts, and Jove his thunder, to the god of love.

2. To withdraw, as a claim. He resigns all pretensions to skill.

3. To yield; as, to resign the judgment to the direction of others.

4. To yield or give up in confidence.

What more reasonable, than that we should in all things resign ourselves to the will of God?

5. To submit, particularly to Providence.

A firm, yet cautious mind; sincere, though prudent; constant, yet resign’d.

6. To submit without resistance or murmur.

RESIGN, v.t. To sign again.
RESIGN, n. Resignation. Obs.


1. The act of resigning or giving up, as a claim or possession; as the resignation of a crown or commission.

2. Submission; unresisting acquiescence; as a blind resignation to the authority of other men’s opinions.

3. Quiet submission to the will of Providence; submission without discontent, and with entire acquiescence in the divine dispensations. This is christian resignation.


1. Given up; surrendered; yielded.

2. a. Submissive to the will of God.

RESIGNEDLY, adv. With submission.

RESIGNER, n. One that resigns.

RESIGNING, ppr. Giving up; surrendering; submitting.

RESIGNMENT, n. The act of resigning. Obs.

RESILAH, n. An ancient patriarchal coin.

RESILIENCE, RESILIENCY, n. s as z. [L. resiliens, resilio; re and salio, to spring.]

The act of leaping or springing back, or the act of rebounding; as the resilience of a ball or of sound.

RESILIENT, a. [L. resiliens.] Leaping or starting back; rebounding.

RESILITION, n. [L. resilio.] The act of springing back; resilience.

RESIN, n. s as z. [L., Gr. to flow.]

An inflammable substance, hard when cool, but viscid when heated, exuding in a fluid state from certain kinds of trees, as pine, either spontaneously or by incision. Resins are soluble in oils and alcohol, and are said to be nothing but oils concreted by combination with oxygen. Resins differ from gums, which are vegetable mucilage; and they are less sweet and odorous than balsams.

RESINIFEROUS, a. [L. resina and fero, to produce.]

Yielding resin; as a resiniferous tree or vessels.

RESINIFORM, a. Having the form of resin.

RESINO-ELECTRIC, a. Containing or exhibiting negative electricity, or that kind which is produced by the friction of resinous substances.

RESINO-EXTRACTIVE, a. Designating extractive matter in which resin predominates.

RESINOUS, a. Partaking of the qualities of resin; like resin. Resinous substances are combustible.

Resinous electricity, is that electricity which is excited by rubbing bodies of the resinous kind. This is generally negative.

RESINOUSLY, adv. By means of resin; as resinously electrified.

RESINOUSNESS, n. The quality of being resinous.

RESIPISCENCE, n. [L. resipisco, from resipio; re and sapio, to taste.]

Properly, wisdom derived from severe experience; hence, repentance. [Little used.]

RESIST, v.t. rezist’. [L. resisto; re and sisto, to stand.]

1. Literally, to stand against; to withstand; hence, to act in opposition, or to oppose. a dam or mound resists a current of water passively, by standing unmoved and interrupting its progress. An army resists the progress of an enemy actively, by encountering and defeating it. We resist measures by argument or remonstrance.

Why doth he yet find fault? for who hath resisted his will? Romans 9:19.

2. To strive against; to endeavor to counteract, defeat or frustrate.

Ye do always resist the Holy Spirit. Acts 7:51.

3. To baffle; to disappoint.

God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace to the humble. James 4:6.

RESIST, v.i. to make opposition.


1. The act of resisting; opposition. Resistance is passive, as that of a fixed body which interrupts the passage of a moving body; or active, as in the exertion of force to stop, repel or defeat progress or designs.

2. The quality of not yielding to force or external impression; that power of a body which acts in opposition to the impulse or pressure of another, or which prevents the effect of another power; as the resistance of a ball which receives the force of another; the resistance of wood to a cutting instrument; the resistance of air to the motion of a cannon ball, or of water to the motion of a ship.

RESISTANT, n. he or that which resists.

RESISTED, pp. Opposed; counteracted; withstood.

RESISTER, n. One that opposes or withstands.


1. The quality of resisting.

The name body, being the complex idea of extension and resistibility together in the same subject -

2. Quality of being resistible; as the resistibility of grace.