Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary



REMEMORATE, v.t. [L. rememoratus, rememoror.]

To remember; to revive in the memory. [Not in use.]

REMEMORATION, n. Remembrance. [Not in use.]

REMERCIE, REMERCY, v.t. To thank. [Not in use.]

REMIGRATE, v.i. [L. remigro; re and migro, to migrate.]

To remove back again to a former place or state; to return. [See Migrate.]

REMIGRATION, n. Removal back again; a migration to a former place.

REMIND, v.t. [re and mind.]

1. To put in mind; to bring to the remembrance of; as, to remind a person of his promise.

2. To bring to notice or consideration. The infirmities of old age remind us of our mortality.

REMINDED, pp. Put in mind.

REMINDING, ppr. Putting in mind; calling attention to.

REMINISCENCE, n. [L. reminiscens, reminiscor, Gr. See Memory.]

1. That faculty of the mind by which ideas formerly received into it, but forgotten, are recalled or revived in the memory.

2. Recollection; recovery of ideas that had escaped from the memory.

REMINISCENTIAL, a. Pertaining to reminiscence or recollection.

REMISE, v.t. s as z. [L. remissus, remitto; re and mitto, to send.]

To give or grant back; to release a claim; to resign or surrender by deed. A B hath remised, released, and forever quitclaimed to B C, all his right to the manor of Dale.

REMISED, pp. Released.

REMISING, ppr. Surrendering by deed.

REMISS, a. [L. remissus, supra.]

1. Slack; dilatory; negligent; not performing duty or business; not complying with engagements at all, or not in due time; as to be remiss in attendance on official duties; remiss in payment of debts.

2. Slow; slack; languid.

3. Not intense.

These nervous, bold; those languid and remiss.

REMISSIBLE, a. That may be remitted or forgiven.

REMISSION, n. [L. remissio, from remitto, to send back.]

1. Abatement; relaxation; moderation; as the remission of extreme rigor.

2. Abatement; diminution of intensity; as the remission of the sun’s heat; the remission of cold; the remission of close study or of labor.

3. Release; discharge or relinquishment of a claim or right; as the remission of a tax or duty.

4. In medicine, abatement; a temporary subsidence of the force or violence of a disease or of pain, as distinguished from intermission, in which the disease leaves the patient entirely for a time.

5. Forgiveness; pardon; that is, the giving up of the punishment due to a crime; as the remission of sins. Matthew 26:28; Hebrews 9:22.

6. The act of sending back. [Not in use.]


1. Carelessly; negligently; without close attention.

2. Slowly; slackly; not vigorously; not with ardor.

REMISSNESS, n. Slackness; slowness; carelessness; negligence; want of ardor or vigor; coldness; want of ardor; want of punctuality; want of attention to any business, duty or engagement in the proper time or with the requisite industry.

REMIT, v.t. [L. remitto, to send back; re and mitto, to send.]

1. To relax, as intensity; to make less tense or violent.

So willingly doth God remit his ire.

2. To forgive; to surrender the right of punishing a crime; as, to remit punishment.

3. To pardon, as a fault or crime.

Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted to them. John 20:23.

4. To give up; to resign.

In grievous and inhuman crimes, offenders should be remitted to their prince.

5. To refer; as a clause that remitted all to the bishop’s discretion.

6. To send back.

The pris’ner was remitted to the guard.

7. To transmit money, bills or other thing in payment for goods received. American merchants remit money, bills of exchange or some species of stock, in payment for British goods.

8. To restore.

In this case, the law remits him to his ancient and more certain right.

REMIT, v.i.

1. To slacken; to become less intense or rigorous.

When our passions remit, the vehemence of our speech remits too.

So we say, cold or heat remits.

2. To abate in violence for a time, without intermission; as, a fever remits at a certain hour every day.


1. The act of remitting to custody.

2. Forgiveness; pardon.

REMITTAL, n. A remitting; a giving up; surrender; as the remittal of the first fruits.


1. In commerce, the act of transmitting money, bills or the like, to a distant place, in return or payment for goods purchased.

2. The sum or thing remitted in payment.

REMITTED, pp. Relaxed; forgiven; pardoned; sent back; referred; given up; transmitted in payment.


1. One who remits, or makes remittance for payment.

2. In law, the restitution of a more ancient and certain right to a person who has right to lands, but is out of possession and hath afterwards the freehold cast upon him by some subsequent defective title, by virtue of which he enters.

3. One that pardons.

REMNANT, n. [contracted from remanent. See Remain.]

1. Residue; that which is left after the separation, removal or destruction of a part.

The remnant that are left of the captivity. Nehemiah 1:3.

2. That which remains after a part is done, performed, told or passed.

The remnant of my tale is of a length to tire your patience.

Where I may think the remnant of my thoughts.

REMNANT, a. Remaining; yet left.

And quiet dedicate her remnant life to the just duties of a humble wife. [Little used.]

REMODEL, v.t. [re and model.] To model or fashion anew.

REMODELED, pp. Modeled anew.

REMODELING, ppr. Modeling again.

REMOLD, v.t. [re and mold.] To mold or shape anew.

REMOLDED, pp. Molded again.

REMOLDING, ppr. Molding anew.

REMOLTEN, a. or pp. [re and molten, from melt.] Melted again.


1. Show; discovery. [Not in use.]

2. Expostulation; strong representation of reasons against a measure, either public or private, and when addressed to a public body, a prince or magistrate, it may be accompanied with a petition or supplication for the removal or prevention of some evil or inconvenience. A party aggrieved presents a remonstrance to the legislature.

3. Pressing suggestions in opposition to a measure or act; as the remonstrances of conscience or of justice.

4. Expostulatory counsel or advice; reproof.

REMONSTRANT, a. Expostulatory; urging strong reasons against an act.

REMONSTRANT, n. One who remonstrates. The appellation of remonstrants is given to the Arminians who remonstrated against the decisions of the Synod of Dort, in 1618.

REMONSTRATE, v.i. [L. remonstro; re and monstro, to show. See Muster.]

1. To exhibit or present strong reasons against an act, measure of any course of proceedings; to expostulate. Men remonstrate by verbal argument, or by a written exposition of reasons.

2. To suggest urgent reasons in opposition to a measure. conscience remonstrates against a profligate life.

REMONSTRATE, v.t. To show by a strong representation of reasons.

REMONSTRATING, ppr. Urging strong reasons against a measure.

REMONSTRATION, n. The act of remonstrating. [Little used.]

REMONSTRATOR, n. One who remonstrates.

REMORA, n. [L. from re and moror, to delay.]

1. Delay; obstacle; hinderance. [Not in use.]

2. The sucking fish, a species of Echeneis, which is said to attach itself to the bottom or side of a ship and retard its motion.

REMORATE, v.t. [L. remoror.] To hinder; to delay. [Not in use.]

REMORD, v.t. [L. remordeo; re and mordeo, to gnaw.]

To rebuke; to excite to remorse. [Not in use.]

REMORD, v.i. To feel remorse. [Not in use.]

REMORDENCY, n. Compunction; remorse.

REMORSE, n. remors’. [L. remorsus, from remordeo.]

1. The keen pain or anguish excited by a sense of guilt; compunction of conscience for a crime committed.

2. Sympathetic sorrow; pity; compassion.

Curse on th’ unpard’ning prince, whom tears can draw to no remorse.

[This sense is nearly or quite obsolete.]

REMORSED, a. Feeling remorse or compunction. [Not used.]

REMORSEFUL, a. remors’ful.

1. Full of remorse.

2. Compassionate; feeling tenderly. [Not in use.]

3. Pitiable. [Not in use.]

REMORSELESS, a. remors’less. Unpitying; cruel; insensible to distress; as the remorseless deep.

Remorseless adversaries.

REMORSELESSLY, adv. remors’lessly. Without remorse.

REMORSELESSNESS, n. remors’lessness. Savage cruelty; insensibility to distress.

REMOTE, a. [L. remotus, removeo; re and moveo, to move.]

1. Distant in place; not near; as a remote country; a remote people.

Give me a life remote from guilty courts.

2. Distant in time, past or future; as remote antiquity. Every man is apt to think the time of his dissolution to be remote.

3. Distant; not immediate.

It is not all remote and even apparent good that affects us.

4. Distant; primary; not proximate; as the remote causes of a disease.

5. Alien; foreign; not agreeing with; as a proposition remote from reason.

6. Abstracted; as the mind placed by thought amongst or remote from all bodies.

7. Distant in consanguinity or affinity; as a remote kinsman.

8. Slight; inconsiderable; as a remote analogy between cases; a remote resemblance is form or color.


1. At a distance in space or time; not nearly.

2. At a distance in consanguinity or affinity.

3. Slightly; in a small degree; as, to be remotely affected by an event.


1. State of being distant in space or time; distance; as the remoteness of a kingdom or of a star; the remoteness of the deluge from our age; the remoteness of a future event, of an evil or of success.

2. Distance in consanguinity or affinity.

3. Distance in operation or efficiency; as the remoteness of causes.

4. Slightness; smallness; as remoteness of resemblance.

REMOTION, n. The act of removing; the state of being removed to a distance. [Little used.]

REMOUNT, v.t. To mount again; as, to remount a horse.

REMOUNT, v.i. To mount again; to reascend.

REMOVABILITY, n. The capacity of being removable from an office or station; capacity of being displaced.

REMOVABLE, a. [from remove.]

1. That may be removed from an office or station.

Such curate is removable at the pleasure of the rector of the mother church.

2. That may be removed from one place to another.


1. The act of moving from one place to another for residence; as the removal of a family.

2. The act of displacing from an office or post.

3. The act of curing or putting away; as the removal of a disease.

4. The state of being removed; change of place.

5. The act of putting an end to; as the removal of a grievance.

REMOVE, v.t. [L. removeo; re and moveo, to move.]

1. To cause to change place; to put from its place in any manner; as, to remove a building.

Thou shalt not remove thy neighbor’s landmark. Deuteronomy 19:14.

2. To displace from an office.

3. To take or put away in any manner; to cause to leave a person or thing; to banish or destroy; as, to remove a disease or complaint.

Remove sorrow from thine heart. Ecclesiastes 11:10.

4. To carry from one court to another; as, to remove a cause or suit by appeal.

5. To take from the present state of being; as, to remove one by death.

REMOVE, v.i.

1. To change place in any manner.

2. To go from one place to another.

3. To change the place of residence; as, to remove from New York to Philadelphia.


1. Change of place.

2. Translation of one to the place of another.

3. State of being removed.

4. Act of moving a man in chess or other game.

5. Departure; a going away.

6. The act of changing place; removal.

7. A step in any scale of gradation.

A freeholder is but one remove from a legislator.

8. Any indefinite distance; as a small or great remove.

9. The act of putting a horse’s shoes on different feet.

10. A dish to be changed while the rest of the course remains.

11. Susceptibility of being removed. [Not in use.]


1. Changed in place; carried to a distance; displaced from office; placed far off.

2. a. Remote; separate from others.

REMOVEDNESS, n. State of being removed; remoteness.

REMOVER, n. One that removes; as a remover of landmarks.

REMOVING, ppr. changing place; carrying or going from one place to another; displacing; banishing.

REMUNERABILITY, n. the capacity of being rewarded.

REMUNERABLE, a. [from remunerate.] That may be rewarded; fit or proper to be recompensed.

REMUNERATE, v.t. [L. remunero; re and munero, from munus, a gift.]

To reward; to recompense; to requite; in a good sense; to pay an equivalent to for any service, loss, expense or other sacrifice; as, to remunerate the troops of an army for their services and sufferings; to remunerate men for labor. the pious usfferer in this life will be remunerated in the life to come.

REMUNERATED, pp. Rewarded; compensated.

REMUNERATING, ppr. Rewarding; recompensing.


1. Reward; recompense; the act of paying an equivalent for services, loss or sacrifices.

2. The equivalent given for services, loss or sufferings.

REMUNERATIVE, a. Exercised in rewarding; that bestows rewards; as remunerative justice.

REMUNERATORY, a. Affording recompense; rewarding.

REMURMUR, v.t. [L. remurmuro; re and murmuro.]

To utter back in murmurs; to return in murmurs; to repeat in low hoarse sounds.

The trembling trees in every plain and wood, her fate remurmur to the silver flood.

REMURMUR, v.i. to murmur back; to return or echo in low rumbling sounds.

The realms of Mars remurmur’d all around.

REMURMURED, pp. Uttered back in murmurs.

REMURMURING, ppr. uttering back in low sounds.

RENAL, a. [L. renalis, from renes, the kidneys.]

Pertaining to the kidneys or reins; as the renal arteries.

RENARD, n. a fox; a name used in fables, but not in common discourse.

RENASCENCY, n. The state of springing or being produced again.

RENASCENT, a. [L. renascens, renascor; re and nascor, to be born.]

Springing or rising into being again; reproduced.

RENASCIBLE, a. That may be reproduced; that may spring again into being.

RENAVIGATE, v.t. [re and navigate.] To navigate again; as, to renavigate the Pacific ocean.

RENAVIGATED, pp. Navigated again; sailed over anew.

RENAVIGATING, ppr. Navigating again.

RENCOUNTER, n. Literally, a meeting of two bodies. Hence,

1. A meeting in opposition or contest.

The jostling chiefs in rude rencounter join.

2. A casual combat; a sudden contest or fight without premeditation; as between individuals or small parties.

3. A casual action; an engagement between armies or fleets.

The confederates should - outnumber the enemy in all rencounters and engagements.

4. Any combat, action or engagement.


1. To meet unexpectedly without enmity or hostility. [This use is found in some recent publications, but is not common.]

2. To attack hand to hand.


1. To meet an enemy unexpectedly.

2. To clash; to come in collision.

3. To skirmish with another.

4. To fight hand to hand.

REND, v.t. pret. and pp. rent. [Eng. cranny, L. crena, Gr.]

1. To separate any substance into parts with force or sudden violence; to tear asunder; to split; as, powder rends a rock in blasting; lightning rends an oak.

An empire from its old foundation rent.

I rend my tresses, and by breast I wound.

Neither rend your clothes, lest ye die. Leviticus 10:6.

2. To separate or part with violence.

I will surely rend the kingdom from thee. 1 Kings 11:11.

To rend the heart, in Scripture, to have bitter sorrow for sin. Joel 2:13.

To rend the heavens, to appear in majesty. Isaiah 64:1.

Rend differs somewhat from lacerate. We never say, to lacerate a rock or a kingdom, when we mean to express splitting or division. Lacerate is properly applicable to the tearing off of small pieces of a thing, as to lacerate the body with a whip or scourge; or to the tearing of the flesh or other thing without entire separation.

RENDER, n. [from rend.] One that tears by violence.

RENDER, v.t. [This is probably the L. reddo, with a casually inserted.]

1. To return; to pay back.

See that none render evil for evil to any man. 1 Thessalonians 5:15.

2. To inflict, as a retribution.

I will render vengeance to my enemies. Deuteronomy 32:41.

3. To give on demand; to give; to assign.

The sluggard is wiser in his own conceit, than seven men that can render a reason. Proverbs 26:16.

4. To make or cause to be, by some influence upon a thing, or by some change; as, to render a person more safe or more unsafe; to render him solicitous or cautious; to render a fortress more secure or impregnable; to render a ferocious animal more mild and tractable.

5. To translate, as from one language into another; as, to render Latin into English. We say, to render a word, a sentence a book, or an author into a different language.

6. To surrender; to yield or give up the command or possession of; as, to render one’s self to his enemies.

[Less used than surrender.]

7. To afford; to give for use or benefit.

Washington rendered great service to his country.

8. To represent; to exhibit.

He did render him the most unnatural that liv’d amongst men. [Not in use.]

To render back, to return; to restore.


1. A surrender; a giving up.

2. A return; a payment of rent.

In those early times, the king’s household was supported by specific renders of corn and other victuals from the tenants of the domains.

3. An account given.

RENDERABLE, a. That may be rendered.

RENDERED, pp. Returned; paid back; given; assigned; made; translated; surrendered; afforded.

RENDERING, ppr. Returning; giving back; assigning; making; translating; surrendering; affording.

RENDERING, n. Version; translation.

RENDEZVOUS, n. [This word is anglicized, and may well be pronounced as an English word.]

1. A place appointed for the assembling of troops, or the place where they assemble; or the port or place where ships are ordered to join company.

2. A place of meeting, or a sign that draws men together. [Rarely used.]

3. An assembly; a meeting. [Rarely used.]

RENDEZVOUS, v.i. To assemble at a particular place, as troops.

The place where the Gauls and Bruti had rendezvoused.

RENDEZVOUS, v.t. To assemble or bring together at a certain place.

RENDEZVOUSING, ppr. Assembling at a particular place.


1. That may be yielded or surrendered.

2. That may be translated. [little used in either sense.]

RENDITION, n. [from render.]

1. The act of yielding possession; surrender.

2. Translation.

RENEGADE, RENEGADO, n. [L. re and nego, to deny.]

1. An apostate from the faith.

2. One who deserts to an enemy; a deserter.

3. A vagabond. [This is the sense in which this word is mostly used in popular language.]

RENEGE, v.t. [L. renego.] To deny; to disown. Obs.

RENEGE, v.i. To deny. Obs.

RENERVE, v.t. renerv’. [re and nerve.] To nerve again; to give new vigor to.

RENERVED, pp. Nerved anew.

RENERVING, ppr. Giving new vigor to.

RENEW, v.t. [L. renovo; re and novo, or re and new.]

1. To renovate; to restore to a former state, or to a good state, after decay or depravation; to rebuild; to repair.

Asa renewed the altar of the Lord. 2 Chronicles 15:8.

2. To re-establish; to confirm.

Let us go to Gilgal and renew the kingdom there. 1 Samuel 11:14.

3. To make again; as, to renew a treaty or covenant.

4. To repeat; as, to renew expressions of friendship; to renew a promise; to renew an attempt.

5. To revive; as, to renew the glories of an ancestor or of a former age.

6. To begin again.

The last great age renews its finish’d course.

7. To make new; to make fresh or vigorous; as, to renew youth; to renew strength; to renew the face of the earth. Psalms 103:5; Psalms 104:30; Isaiah 40:3.

8. In theology, to make new; to renovate; to transform; to change from natural enmity to the love of God and his law; to implant holy affections in the heart; to regenerate.

Be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind. Romans 12:2; Ephesians 4:23.

RENEWABLE, a. That may be renewed; as a lease renewable at pleasure.


1. The act of renewing; the act of forming anew; as the renewal of a treaty.

2. Renovation; regeneration.

3. Revival; restoration to a former or to a good state.

RENEWED, pp. Made new again; repaired; re-established; repeated; revived; renovated; regenerated.

RENEWEDNESS, n. State of being renewed.

RENEWER, n. One who renews.