Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary



LURE, n.

1. Something held out to call a hawk; hence,

2. Any enticement; that which invites by the prospect of advantage or pleasure; as the lures of beauty or of gain.

LURE, v.i. To call hawks.

Standing by one that lured loud and shrill.

LURE, v.t. To entice; to attract; to invite by any thing that promises pleasure or advantage.

Lured on by the pleasure of the bait.

And various science lures the learned eye.

LURED, pp. Enticed; attracted; invited by the hope of pleasure or advantage.

LURID, a. [L. luridus.] Gloomy; dismal.

LURING, ppr. Enticing; calling.

LURK, v.i.

1. To lie hid; to lie in wait.

Let us lay wait for blood; let us lurk privily for the innocent. Proverbs 1:11.

2. To lie concealed or unperceived. See that no selfish motive lurks in the heart.

See the lurking gold upon the fatal tree.

3. To retire from public observation; to keep out of sight.

The defendant lurks and wanders about in Berks.

LURKER, n. One that lurks or keeps out of sight.

LURKING, ppr. Lying concealed; keeping out of sight.

LURKING-PLACE, n. A place in which one lies concealed; a secret place; a hiding place; a den. 1 Samuel 23:23.

LUSCIOUS, a. [I know not the origin and affinities of this word.]

1. Sweet or rich so as to cloy or nauseate; sweet to excess; as luscious food.

2. Very sweet; delicious; grateful to the taste.

And raisins keep their luscious native taste.

3. Pleasing; delightful.

He will bait him in with the luscious proposal of some gainful purchase.

4. Fullsome; as luscious flattery.

5. Smutty; obscene. [Unusual.]


1. With sweetness or richness that cloys or nauseates.

2. Obscenely.

LUSCIOUSNESS, n. Immoderate richness or sweetness that cloys or offends.

LUSERN, n. A lynx.

LUSH, a. Of a dark, keep, full color.

How lush and lusty the grass looks; how green! Obs.

LUSK, a. Lazy; slothful. [Not in use.]

LUSK, n. A lazy fellow; a lubber. [Not in use.]

LUSKISH, a. Inclined to be lazy.

LUSKISHLY, adv. Lazily.

LUSKISHNESS, n. Disposition to indolence; laziness. Obs.

LUSORIOUS, a. [L. lusorius, from ludo, lusi, to sport.]

Used in play; sportive. [Little used.]

LUSORY, a. [L. lusorius, as above.] Used in play; playful; as lusory methods of instructing children.

LUST, n.

1. Longing desire; eagerness to possess or enjoy; as the lust of gain.

My lust shall be satisfied upon them. Exodus 15:9.

2. Concupiscence; carnal appetite; unlawful desire of carnal pleasure. Romans 1:27; 2 Peter 2:10.

3. Evil propensity; depraved affections and desires. James 1:14-15; Psalm 81:12.

4. Vigor; active power. [Not used.]

LUST, v.i.

1. To desire eagerly; to long; with after.

Thou mayest kill and eat flesh in all thy gates, whatsoever thy soul lusteth after. Deuteronomy 12:15.

2. To have carnal desire; to desire eagerly the gratification of carnal appetite.

Lust not after her beauty in thy heart. Proverbs 6:25.

Whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her, hath committed adultery with her already in his heart. Matthew 5:28.

3. To have irregular or inordinate desires.

The spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy. James 4:5.

Lust not after evil things as they also lusted. 1 Corinthians 10:6.

4. To list; to like.


1. Having lust, or eager desire of carnal gratification; libidinous; as an intemperate and lustful man.

2. Provoking to sensuality; inciting to lust or exciting carnal desire.

Thence his lustful orgies he enlarged.

3. Vigorous; robust; stout.

LUSTFULLY, ad. With concupiscence or carnal desire.

LUSTFULNESS, n. The state of having carnal desires; libidinousness.

LUSTIHOOD, n. [lusty and hood.] Vigor of body. Obs.

LUSTILY, adv. With vigor of body; stoutly; with vigorous exertion.

I determine to fight lustily for him.

LUSTINESS, n. Vigor of body; stoutness; strength; robustness; sturdiness.

Cappadocian slaves were famous for their lustiness.

LUSTING, ppr. Having eager desire; having carnal appetite.

LUSTING, n. Eager desire; inordinate desire; desire of carnal gratification.


1. Listless; not willing. Obs.

2. Not vigorous.

LUSTRAL, a. [L. lustralis, from lustro, to purify.]

1. Used in purification; as lustral water; lustral waves.

2. Pertaining to purification; as lustral days.

LUSTRATE, v.t. [L. lustro, to cleanse. See Luster.]

1. To make clear or pure; to purify. [See Illustrate.]

2. To view; to survey.


1. The act or operation of making clear or pure; a cleansing or purifying by water.

And holy water for lustration bring.

2. In antiquity, the sacrifices or ceremonies by which cities, fields, armies or people defiled by crimes, were purified.

LUSTER, n. [L. lustrum, lustro to purify.]

1. Brightness; splendor; gloss; as the luster of the sun or stars; the luster of silk.

The sun’s mild luster warms the vital air.

2. The splendor of birth, of deeds or of fame; renown; distinction.

His ancestors continued about four hundred years, rather without obscurity than with any great share of luster.

3. A sconce with lights; a branched candlestick of glass.

4. The space of five years. [L. lustrum.]

LUSTRICAL, a. Pertaining to purification.

LUSTRING, n. A species of glossy silk cloth. [Corruptly written and pronounced lutestring.]

LUSTROUS, a. Bright; shining; luminous.

Good sparks and lustrous.

LUSTRUM, n. In ancient Rome, the space of five years.

LUST-STAINED, a. Defiled by lust.

LUSTWORT, n. [lust and wort.] A plant of the genus Drosera.

LUSTY, a. [from lust.]

1. Stout; vigorous; robust; healthful; able of body. this is the correct sense of the word, comprehending full health and strength; as a lusty youth. But it is now used in the sense of,

2. Bulky; large; of great size. This sense does not always include that of vigor.

3. Handsome; pleasant; saucy. Obs.

4. Copious; plentiful; as a lusty draught.

5. Pregnant; a colloquial use.

LUTANIST, n. [from lute.] A person that plays on the lute.

A celebrated lutanist was playing to a large company.

LUTARIOUS, a. [L. lutarius, from lutum, mud.]

1. Pertaining to mud; living in mud.

2. Of the color of mud.

LUTATION, n. [See Lute.] The act or method of luting vessels.

LUTE, n. [L. laudo.]

An instrument of music with strings. It consists of four parts, viz; the table, the body or belly which has nine or ten sides, the neck, which has nine or ten stops or divisions marked with strings, and the head or cross. In the middle of the table there is a passage for the sound. There is also a bridge to which the strings are fastened. The strings are struck with the right hand, and with the left the stops are pressed.

LUTE, LUTING, n. [L. lutum, mud, clay.] Among chimists, a composition of clay or other tenacious substance used for stopping the juncture of vessels so closely as to prevent the escape or entrance of air.
LUTE, v.t. To close or coat with lute.

LUTE-CASE, n. A case for a lute.

LUTED, pp. Closed with lute.

LUTENIST, n. A performer on the lute.

LUTER, LUTIST, n. One who plays on a lute.

LUTE-STRING, n. The string of a lute.

LUTHERAN, a. Pertaining to Luther, the reformer; as the Lutheran church.

LUTHERAN, n. A disciple or follower of Luther; one who adheres to the doctrines of Luther.

LUTHERANISM, n. The doctrines of religion as taught by Luther.

LUTHERN, n. In architecture, a kind of window over the cornice, in the roof of a building, to admit light into the upper story.

LUTING, ppr. Closing with lute.

LUTULENT, a. [L. lutulentus, from lutum, mud.] Muddy; turbid; thick.

LUXATE, v.t. [L. luxo, laxo, laxus.]

To displace, or remove from its proper place, as a joint; to put out of joint; to dislocate. Lux, in a like sense, is, I believe, now used.

LUXATED, pp. Put out of joint; dislocated.

LUXATING, ppr. Removing or forcing out of its place, as a joint; dislocating.


1. That act of moving or forcing a joint from its proper place or articulation; or the state of being thus put out of joint.

2. A dislocation; that which is dislocated.

LUXE, n. Luxury. [Not used.]

LUXURIANCE, LUXURIANCY, n. [L. luxurians, luxurio, to grow rank, or to wanton.]

1. Rank growth; strong, vigorous growth; exuberance.

Flowers grow up in the garden with the greatest luxuriancy and profusion.

2. Excessive or superfluous growth.

A fungus prevents healing only by its luxuriancy.


1. Exuberant in growth; abundant; as a luxuriant growth of grass.

2. Exuberant in plenty; superfluous in abundance.

Prune the luxuriant, the uncouth refine.

3. A luxuriant flower multiplies the covers of the fructification so as to destroy the essential parts.

LUXURIANTLY, adv. With exuberant growth.

LUXURIATE, v.i. To grow exuberantly, or to grow to superfluous abundance.

LUXURIATION, n. The process of growing exuberantly, or beyond the natural growth.

LUXURIOUS, a. [L. luxuriosus, from luxo, to loosen; luxor, to riot.]

1. Voluptuous; indulging freely or excessively in the pleasures of the table, the gratification of appetite, or in rich and expensive dress and equipage; as a luxurious life; luxurious cities.

2. Administering to luxury; contributing to free or extravagant indulgence in diet, dress and equipage; as luxurious wealth.

3. Furnished with luxuries; as a luxurious table.

4. Softening by pleasure, or free indulgence in luxury; as luxurious ease.

5. Lustful; libidinous; given to the gratification of lust; as a luxurious bed.

6. Luxuriant; exuberant.

The work under our labor grows

Luxurious by restraint. [Not used.]

LUXURIOUSLY, adv. In abundance of rich diet, dress or equipage; deliciously; voluptuously.

LUXURIST, n. One given to luxury.

LUXURY, n. [L. luxuria, from luxo, to loosen.]

1. A free or extravagant indulgence in the pleasures of the table, as in rich and expensive diet, or delicious food and liquors; voluptuousness in the gratification of appetite; or the free indulgence in costly dress and equipage.

Riches expose a man to pride and luxury.

2. That which gratifies a nice and fastidious appetite; a dainty; any delicious food or drink. The canvas-back duck is a luxury for an epicure.

3. Any thing delightful to the senses.

He cut the side of a rock for a garden, and by laying on it earth, furnished a king of luxury for a hermit.

4. Lust; lewd desire. [Not now used.]

5. Luxuriance; exuberance of growth. [Not now used.]

LY, a termination of adjectives, is a contraction of Sax. lie, G. lich, D. lyk, Dan. lige, Sw. lik, Eng. like; as in lovely, manly, that is, love-like, man-like. As the termination of names, ly signifies field or plain, Sax. leag, Eng. lay, lea or ley, L. locus.

LYAM, n. A leash for holding a hound.

LYCANTHROPY, n. [Gr. a wolf, and man.]

A kind of erratic melancholy.

LYCOSTOM, n. A Baltic fish resembling a herring.

LYDIAN, a. [from Lydia.]

Noting a kind of soft slow music anciently in vogue.

Lydian stone, flinty slate.

LYE, n. [L. lix, whence lixivium; Ant. L. lixa, whence Lugdunum, Leyden, Lyons, that is Water-town.]

Water impregnated with alkaline salt imbibed from the ashes of wood.

LYE, n. A falsehod. [See Lie.]

LYING, ppr. of lie. Being prostrate. [See Lie.]

LYING, ppr. of lie. Telling falsehood.

Lying in, being in childbirth.

1. n. The act of bearing a child.

LYMNITE, n. A kind of freshwater snail, found fossil.

LYMPH, n. [L. lympha.] Water, or a colorless fluid in animal bodies, separated from the blood and contained in certain vessels called lymphatics.

LYMPHATE, LYMPHATED, a. Frightened into madness; raving.

LYMPHATIC, a. Pertaining to lymph.

1. Enthusiastic. [Not used.]

LYMPHATIC, n. A vessel of animal bodies which contains or conveys lymph.

The lymphatics seem to perform the whole business of absorption.

1. A mad enthusiast; a lunatic. [Not used.]

LYMPHEDUCT, n. [L. lympha, lymph, and ductus, a duct.]

A vessel of animal bodies which conveys the lymph.

LYMPHOGRAPHY, n. [L. lympha, lymph; Gr. to describe.]

A description of the lymphatic vessels, their origin and uses.

LYNX, n. [L. lynx.] A quadruped of the genus Felis, resembling the common cat, but his ears are longer and his tail shorter. His hair is streaked with yellow, white and black colors. His air is sprightly; he howls like the wolf, and walks and leaps like a cat. This animal is celebrated for the sharpness of his sight.

LYRATE, LYRATED, a. [from lyre.] In botany, divided transversely into several jags, the lower ones smaller and more remote from each other than the upper ones; as a lyrate leaf.

LYRE, n. [L. lyra.] A stringed instrument of music, a kind of harp much used by the ancients.

LYRIC, LYRICAL, a. [L. lyricus.] Pertaining to a lyre or harp. Lyric poetry is such as is sung to the harp or lyre. This was much cultivated by the ancients, among whom Anacreon, Alcoeus, Stesichorus, Sappho and Horace are distinguished as lyric poets.

LYRIC, n. A composer of lyric poems.

LYRICISM, n. A lyric composition.

LYRIST, n. A musician who plays on the harp or lyre.

LYS, n. A chinese measure of length, equal to 533 yards.

LYTERIAN, a. [Gr. to loosen.] In medical science, terminating a disease; indicating the solution of a disease.

LYTHRODE, n. A mineral found in Norway; its color, an aurora-red, passing into brownish red or brown. It appears to be allied to elaolite, or fettstein.

Lythrode is probably a variety of fettstein.