Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary



LONGLIVED, a. Having along life or existence; living long; lasting long.

LONGLY, adv. With longing desire. [Not used.]

LONG-MEASURE, n. Lineal measure; the measure of length.

LONGNESS, n. Length. [Little used.]

LONGPRIMER, n. A printing type of a particular size, between small pica and bourgeois.

LONGSHANKED, a. Having long legs.

LONG-SIGHT, n. Long-sightedness.

LONG-SIGHTED, a. Able to see at a great distance; used literally of the eyes, and figuratively of the mind or intellect.


1. The faculty of seeing objects at a great distance.

2. In medicine, presbyopy; that defect of sight by which objects near at hand are seen confusedly, but at remoter distances distinctly.

LONGSOME, a. Extended in length; tiresome; tedious; as a longsome plain. Obs.

LONGSPUN, a. Spun or extended to a great length.

LONG-SUFFERANCE, n. Forbearance to punish; clemency; patience.

LONGSUFFERING, a. Bearing injuries or provocation for a long time; patient; not easily provoked.

The Lord God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering and abundant in goodness. Exodus 34:6.

LONG-SUFFERING, n. Long endurance; patience of offense.

Despisest thou the riches of his goodness, and forbearance, and long-suffering? Romans 2:4.

LONG-TONGUED, a. Rating; babbling.

LONGWAYS, a mistake for longwise.

LONG-WINDED, a. Long breathed; tedious in speaking, argument or narration; as a long-winded advocate.

LONG-WISE, adv. In the direction of length; lengthwise. [Little used.]

LONISH, a. Somewhat solitary. [Not used and inelegant.]

LOO, n. A game at cards.

LOOBILY, adv. [See Looby.] Like a looby; in an awkward, clumsy manner.

LOOBY, n. An awkward, clumsy fellow; a lubber.

Who could give the looby such airs?

LOOF, n. The after part of a ship’s bow, or the part where the planks begin to be incurvated, as they approach the stem.

LOOF. [See Luff, which is the word used.]

LOOFED, a. [See Aloof.] Gone to a distance. [Not used.]

LOOK, v.i. [See Light. The primary sense is to stretch, to extend, to shoot, hence to direct the eye. We observe its primary sense is nearly the same as that of seek. Hence, to look for is to seek.]

1. To direct the eye towards an object, with the intention of seeing it.

When the object is within sight, look is usually followed by on or at. We look on or at a picture; we look on or at the moon; we cannot look on or at the unclouded sun, without pain.

At, after look, is not used in our version of the Scriptures. In common usage, at or on is now used indifferently in many cases, and yet in other cases, usage has established a preference. In general, on is used in the more solemn forms of expression. Moses was afraid to look on God. The Lord look on you and judge. In these and similar phrases, the use of at would be condemned, as expressing too little solemnity.

In some cases, at seems to be more properly used before very distant objects; but the cases can hardly be defined.

The particular direction of the eye is expressed by various modifying words; as, to look down, to look up, to look back to look forward, to look from, to look round, to look out, to look under. When the object is not in sight, look is followed by after, or for. Hence, to look after, or look for, is equivalent to seek or search, or to expect.

2. To see; to have the sight or view of.

Fate sees thy life lodged in a brittle glass, and looks it through, but to it cannot pass.

3. To direct the intellectual eye; to apply the mind or understanding; to consider; to examine. Look at the conduct of this man; view it in all its aspects. Let every man look into the state of his own heart. Let us look beyond the received notions of men on this subject.

4. To expect.

He must look to fight another battle, before he could reach Oxford. [Little used.]

5. To take care; to watch.

Look that ye bind them fast.

6. To be directed.

Let thine eyes look right on. Proverbs 4:25.

7. To seem; to appear; to have a particular appearance. The patient looks better than he did. The clouds look rainy.

I am afraid it would look more like vanity than gratitude.

Observe how such a practice looks in another person.

So we say, to look stout or big; to look peevish; to look pleasant or graceful.

8. To have a particular direction or situation; to face; to front.

The gate that looketh toward the north. Ezekiel 8:3.

The east gate of the Lord’s house, that looketh eastward. Ezekiel 11:1.

To look about, to look on all sides, or in different directions.

To look about one, to be on the watch; to be vigilant; to be circumspect or guarded.

1. To look after, to attend; to take care of; as, to look after children.

2. To expect; to be in a state of expectation.

Men’s hearts falling them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth. Luke 21:26.

3. To seek; to search.

My subject does not oblige me to look after the water, or point forth the place whereunto it has now retreated.

1. To look for, to expect; as, to look for news by the arrival of a ship.

Look now for no enchanting voice.

2. To seek; to search; as, to look for lost money, or lost cattle.

To look into, to inspect closely; to observe narrowly; to examine; as, to look into the works of nature; to look into the conduct of another; to look into one’s affairs.

Which things the angels desire to look into. 1 Peter 1:12.

1. To look on, to regard; to esteem.

Her friends would look on her the worse.

2. To consider; to view; to conceive of; to think.

I looked on Virgil as a succinct, majestic writer.

3. To be a mere spectator.

I’ll be a candle-holder and look on.

To look over, to examine one by one; as, to look over a catalogue of books; to look over accounts.

To overlook, has a different sense, to pass over without seeing.

To look out, to be on the watch. The seaman looks out for breakers.

1. To look to, or unto, to watch; to take care of.

Look well to thy herds. Proverbs 27:23.

2. To resort to with confidence or expectation of receiving something; to expect to receive from. The creditor may look to the surety for payment.

Look to me and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth. Isaiah 45:22.

To look through, to penetrate with the eye, or with the understanding; to see or understand perfectly.

LOOK, v.t.

1. To seek; to search for.

Looking my love, I go from place to place. Obs.

2. To influence by looks or presence; as, to look down opposition.

A spirit fit to start into an empire, and look the world to law.

To look out, to search for and discover. Look out associates of good reputation.

To look one another in the face, to meet for combat. 2 Kings 14:8.

LOOK, in the imperative, is used to excite attention or notice. Look ye, look you; that is see, behold, observe, take notice.
LOOK, n.

1. Cast of countenance; air of the face; aspect; as, a high look is an index of pride; a downcast look is an index of pride; a downcast look indicates modesty, bashfulness, or depression of mind.

Pain, disgrace and poverty have frightful looks.

2. The act of looking or seeing. Every look filled him with anguish.

3. View; watch.

LOOKER, n. One who looks.

A looker on, a mere spectator; one that looks on, but has no agency or interest in the affair.

LOOKING-GLASS, n. A glass which reflects the form of the person who looks on it; a mirror.

There is none so homely but loves a looking-glass.

LOOK-OUT, n. A careful looking or watching for any object or event.

LOOL, n. In metallurgy, a vessel used to receive the washings of ores of metals.

LOOM, n.

1. In composition, heir-loom, in law, is a personal chattel that by special custom descends to an heir with the inheritance, being such a thing as cannot be separated from the estate, without injury to it; such as jewels of the crown, charters, deeds, and the like.

2. A frame or machine of wood or other material, in which a weaver works threads into cloth.

Hector, when he sees Andromache overwhelmed with terror, sends her for consolation to the loom and the distaff.

3. A fowl of the size of a goose.

4. That part of an oar which is within board.

LOOM, v.i.

To appear above the surface either of sea or land, or to appear larger than the real dimensions and indistinctly; as a distant object, a ship at sea, or a mountain. The ship looms large, or the land looms high.

LOOM-GALE, n. A gentle gale of wind.

LOOMING, ppr. Appearing above the surface, or indistinctly, at a distance.

LOON, n.

1. A sorry fellow; a rogue; a rascal.

2. A sea-fowl of the genus colymbus.

LOOP, n.

1. A folding or doubling of a string or a noose, through which a lace or cord may be run for fastening.

That the probation bear no hinge, nor loop to hang a doubt on.

2. In iron-works, the part of a row or block of cast iron, melted off for the forge or hammer.

LOOPED, a. Full of holes.


1. A small aperture in the bulk-head and other parts of a merchant ship, through which small arms are fired at an enemy.

2. A hole or aperture that gives a passage.

3. A passage for escape; means of escape.

LOOPHOLED, a. Full of holes or openings for escape.

LOOPING, n. In metallurgy, the running together of the matter of an ore into a mass, when the ore is only heated for calcination.

LOORD, n. A dull stupid fellow; a drone. [Not in use.]

LOOSE, v.t. loos. [Gr.; Heb.]

1. To untie or unbind; to free from any fastening.

Canst thou loose the bands of Orion? Job 38:31.

Ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her; loose them, and bring them to me. Matthew 21:2.

2. To relax.

The joints of his loins were loosed. Daniel 5:6.

3. To release from imprisonment; to liberate; to set at liberty.

The captive exile hasteneth that he may be loosed. Isaiah 51:14.

4. To free from obligation.

Art thou loosed from a wife? seek not a wife. 1 Corinthians 7:27.

5. To free from any thing that binds or shackles; as a man loosed from lust and pelf.

6. To relieve; to free from any thing burdensome or afflictive.

Woman, thou art loosed from thine infirmity. Luke 13:12.

7. To disengage; to detach; as, to loose one’s hold.

8. To put off.

Loose thy shoe from off thy foot. Joshua 5:15.

9. To open.

Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof? Revelation 5:2.

10. To remit; to absolve.

Whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth, shall be loosed in heaven. Matthew 16:19.

LOOSE, v.i. To set sail; to leave a port or harbor.

Now when Paul and his company loosed from Paphos, they came to Perga, in Pamphylia. Acts 13:13.


1. Unbound; untied; unsewed; not fastened or confined; as the loose sheets of a book.

2. Not tight or close; as a loose garment.

3. Not crowded; not close or compact.

With horse and chariots rank’d in loose array.

4. Not dense, close or compact; as a cloth or fossil of loose texture.

5. Not close; not concise; lax; as a loose and diffuse style.

6. Not precise or exact; vague; indeterminate; as a loose way of reasoning.

7. Not strict or rigid; as a loose observance of rites.

8. Unconnected; rambling; as a loose indigested play.

Vario spends whole mornings in running over loose and unconnected pages.

9. Of lax bowels.

10. Unengaged; not attached or enslaved.

Their prevailing principle is, to sit as loose from pleasures, and be as moderate in the use of them as they can.

11. Disengaged; free from obligation; with from or of.

Now I stand loose of my vow; but who knows Cato’s thought? [Little used.]

12. Wanton; unrestrained in behavior; dissolute; unchaste; as a loose man or woman.

13. Containing unchaste language; as a loose epistle.

To break loose, to escape from confinement; to gain liberty by violence.

To let loose, to free from restraint or confinement; to set at liberty.

LOOSE, n. Freedom from restraint; liberty.

Come, give thy soul a loose.

Vent all its griefs, and give a loose to sorrow.

We use this word only in the phrase, give a loose. The following use of it, “he runs with an unbounded loose,” is obsolete.

LOOSED, pp. Untied; unbound; freed from restraint.

LOOSELY, adv. loos’ly.

1. Not fast; not firmly; that may be easily disengaged; as things loosely tied or connected.

2. Without confinement.

Her golden locks for haste were loosely shed about her ears.

3. Without union or connection.

Part loosely wing the region.

4. Irregularly; not with the usual restraints.

A bishop living loosely, was charged that his conversation was not according to the apostle’s lives.

5. Negligently; carelessly; heedlessly; as a mind loosely employed.

6. Meanly; slightly.

A prince should not be so loosely studied, as to remember so weak a composition.

7. Wantonly; dissolutely; unchastely.

LOOSEN, v.t. loos’n. [from loose.]

1. To free from tightness, tension, firmness or fixedness; as, to loosen a string when tied, or a knot; to loosen a joint; to loosen a rock in the earth.

2. To render less dense or compact; as, to loosen the earth about the roots of a tree.

3. To free from restraint.

It loosens his hands and assists his understanding.

4. To remove costiveness from; to facilitate or increase alvine discharges.

Fear looseneth the belly.

LOOSEN, v.i. To become loose; to become less tight, firm or compact.

LOOSENED, pp. Freed from tightness or fixedness; rendered loose.

LOOSENESS, n. loos’ness.

1. The state of being loose or relaxed; a state opposite to that of being tight, fast, fixed or compact; as the looseness of a cord; the looseness of a robe; the looseness of the skin; the looseness of earth, or of the texture of cloth.

2. The state opposite to rigor or rigidness; laxity; levity; as looseness of morals or of principles.

3. Irregularity; habitual deviation from strict rules; as looseness of life.

4. Habitual lewdness; unchastity.

5. Flux from the bowels; diarrhaea.

LOOSENING, ppr. Freeing from tightness, tension or fixedness; rendering less compact.

LOOSESTRIFE, n. loos’strife. In botany, the name of several species of plants, of the genera Lysimachia, Epilobium, Lythrum, and Gaura.

LOOSING, ppr. Setting free from confinement.

LOP, v.t. [Eng. flap. The primary sense is evidently to fall or fell, or to strike down, and I think it connected with flap.]

1. To cut off, as the top or extreme part of any thing; to shorten by cutting off the extremities; as, to lop a tree or its branches.

With branches lopp’d in wood, or mountain fell’d.

2. To cut off, as exuberances; to separate, as superfluous parts.

Expunge the whole, or lop the excrescent parts.

3. to cut partly off and bend down; as, to lop the trees or saplings of a hedge.

4. To let fall; to flap; as, a horse lops his ears.

LOP, n. that which is cut from trees.

Else both body and lop will be of little value.

LOP, n. a flea. [Local.]

LOPE, pret. of leap. Obs.

LOPE, n. [See Leap.]

A leap; a long step. [A word in popular use in America.]

LOPE, v.i. To leap; to move or run with a long step, as a dog.

LOPING, ppr. Leaping; moving or running with a long step.

LOPPED, pp. cut off; shortened by cutting off the top or end; bent down.

LOPPER, n. One that lops.

LOPPING, ppr. Cutting off; shortening by cutting off the extremity; letting fall.

LOPPING, n. that which is cut off.

LOQUACIOUS, a. [L. loquax, from loquor, to speak. Eng. to clack.]

1. Talkative; given to continual talking.

Loquacious, brawling ever in the wrong.

2. Speaking; noisy.

Bling British bards, with volant touch, traverse loquacious strings.

3. Apt to blab and disclose secrets.

LOQUACIOUSNESS, LOQUACITY, n. [L. loquacitas.] Talkativeness; the habit or practice of talking continually or excessively.

Too great loquacity and too great taciturnity by fits.

LORD, n.

1. A master; a person possessing supreme power and authority; a ruler; a governor.

Man over man he made not lord.

But now I was the lord of this fair mansion.

2. A tyrant; an oppressive ruler.

3. A husband.

I oft in bitterness of soul deplores my absent daughter, and my dearer lord.

My lord also being old. Genesis 18:12.

4. A baron; the proprietor of a manor; as the lord of the manor.

5. A nobleman; a title of honor in Great Britain given to those who are noble by birth or creation; a peer of the realm, including dukes, marquises, earls, viscounts and barons. Archbishops and bishops also, as members of the house of lords, are lords of parliament. Thus we say, lords temporal and spiritual. By courtesy also the title is given to the sons of dukes and marquises, and to the eldest sons of earls.

6. An honorary title bestowed on certain official characters; as lord advocate, lord chamberlain, lord chancellor, lord chief justice, etc.

7. In scripture, the Supreme Being; Jehovah. When Lord, in the Old Testament, is prints in capitals, it is the translation of Jehovah, and so might, with more propriety, be rendered. The word is applied to Christ, Psalm 110:1; Colossians 3:24. and to the Holy Spirit, 2 Thessalonians 3:5. As a title of respect, it is applied to kings, Genesis 40:1; 2 Samuel 19:19-20, 26-30. to princes and nobles, Genesis 42:30, 33; Daniel 4:19, 24. to a husband, Genesis 18:12. to a prophet, 1 Kings 18:7; 2 Kings 2:19. and to a respectable person, Genesis 24:18. Christ is called the Lord of glory, 1 Corinthians 2:8. and Lord of lords, Revelation 19:16.

LORD, v.t. To invest with the dignity and privileges of a lord.
LORD, v.i. To domineer; to rule with arbitrary or despotic sway; sometimes followed by over, and sometimes by it, in the manner of a transitive verb.

The whiles she lordeth in licentious bliss.

I see them lording it in London streets.

They lorded over them whom now they serve.

LORDING, n. A little lord; a lord, in contempt or ridicule. [Little used.]


1. Becoming a lord.

2. Haughty; proud; insolent.

LORDLINESS, n. [from lordly.]

1. Dignity; high station.

2. Pride; haughtiness.

LORDLING, n. A little or diminutive lord.

LORDLY, a. [lord and like.]

1. Becoming a lord; pertaining to a lord.

Lordly sins require lordly estates to support them.

2. Proud; haughty; imperious; insolent.

Every rich and lordly swain, with pride would drag about her chain.

LORDLY, adv. Proudly; imperiously; despotically.

A famished lion, issuing from the wood, roars lordly fierce.


1. The state of quality of being a lord; hence, a title of honor given to noblemen, except to dukes, who have the title of grace.

2. A titulary compellation of judges and certain other persons in authority and office.

3. Dominion; power; authority.

They who are accounted to rule over the Gentiles, exercise lordship over them. Mark 10:42.

4. Seigniory; domain; the territory of a lord over which he holds jurisdiction; a manor.

What lands and lordships for their owner know my quondam barber.

LORE, n. Learning; doctrine; lesson; instruction.

The law of nations, or the lore of war.

Lo! Rome herself, proud mistress now no more of arts, but thundering against heathen lore.

LOREL, n. An abandoned scoundrel; a vagrant. Obs.

LORESMAN, n. [lore and man.] An instructor. Obs.

LORICATE, v.t. [L. lorico, loricatus, from lorica, a coat of mail.]

1. To plate over; to spread over, as a plate for defense.

Nature hath loricated the sides of the tympanum in animals with ear-wax.

2. To cover with a crust, as a chimical vessel, for resisting fire.

LORICATED, pp. Covered or plated over; encrusted.

LORICATING, ppr. Covering over with a plate or crust.

LORICATION, n. The act or operation of covering any thing with a plate or crust for defense; as the lorication of a chimical vessel, to enable it to resist the action of fire, and sustain a high degree of heat.

LORIMER, n. [L. lorum, a thong.]

A bridle-maker; one that makes bits for bridles, etc. [Not used.]

LORING, n. Instructive discourse. Obs.

LORIOT, n. A bird called witwal; the oriole.

LORIS, n. A small quadruped of Ceylon.

LORN, a. [See Forlorn.] Lost; forsaken; lonely.

LORY, n. A subordinate genus of fowls of the parrot kind, forming the link between the parrot and parakeet.

LOSABLE, a. That may be lost. [Little used.]

LOSE, v.t. looz. pret. and pp. lost.

1. To mislay; to part or be separated from a thing, so as to have no knowledge of the place where it is; as, to lose a book or a paper; to lose a record; to lose a dollar or a ducat.

2. To forfeit by unsuccessful contest; as, to lose money in gaming.

3. Not to gain or win; as, to lose a battle, that is, to be defeated.

4. To be deprived of; as, to lose men in battle; to lose an arm or leg by a shot or by amputation; to lose one’s life or honor.

5. To forfeit, as a penalty. Our first parents lost the favor of God by their apostasy.

6. To suffer diminution or waste of.

If the salt hath lost its savor, wherewith shall it be salted? Matthew 5:13.

7. To ruin; to destroy.

The woman that deliberates is lost.

8. To wander from; to miss, so as not to be able to find; as, to lose the way.

9. To bewilder.

Lost in the maze of words.

10. To possess no longer; to be deprived of; contrary to keep; as, to lose a valuable trade.

11. Not to employ or enjoy; to waste. Titus sighed to lose a day.

Th’ unhappy have but hours, but these they lose.

12. To waste; to squander; to throw away; as, to lose a fortune by gaming, or by dissipation.

13. To suffer to vanish from view or perception. We lost sight of the land at noon. I lost my companion in the crowd.

Like following life in creatures we dissect, we lost it in the moment we detect.

14. To ruin; to destroy by shipwreck, etc. the albion was lost on the coast of Ireland, April 22, 1822. the admiral lost three ships in a tempest.

15. To cause to perish; as, to be lost at sea.

16. to employ ineffectually; to throw away; to waste. Instruction is often lost on the dull; admonition is lost on the profligate. It is often the fate of projectors to lose their labor.

17. to be freed from.

His scaly back the bunch has got which Edwin lost before.

18. to fail to obtain.

He shall in no wise lose his reward. Matthew 10:42.

To lose one’s self, to be bewildered; also, to slumber; to have the memory and reason suspended.

LOSE, v.i. looz.

1. To forfeit any thing in contest; not to win.

We’ll talk with them too, who loses and who wins; who’s in, who’s out.

2. To decline; to fail.

Wisdom in discourse with her loses discountenanced, and like folly shows.

LOSEL, n. s as z. [from the root of loose.] a wasteful fellow, one who loses by sloth or neglect; a worthless person. Obs.

LOSENGER, n. a deceiver. Obs.

LOSER, n. looz’er. One that loses, or that is deprived of any thing by defeat, forfeiture or the like; the contrary to winner or gainer. A loser by trade may be honest and moral; this cannot be said of a loser by gaming.

LOSING, ppr. looz’ing. Parting from; missing; forfeiting; wasting; employing to no good purpose.

LOSS, n.

1. privation, as the loss of property; loss of money by gaming; loss of health or reputation. every loss is not a detriment. we cannot regret the loss of bad company or of evil habits.

2. Destruction; ruin; as the loss of a ship at sea; the loss of an army.

3. Defeat; as the loss of a battle.

4. Waste; useless application; as a loss of time or labor.

5. Waste by leakage or escape; as a loss of liquors in transportation.

To bear a loss, to make good; also, to sustain a loss without sinking under it.

To be at a loss, to be puzzled; to be unable to determine; to be in a state of uncertainty.

LOSSFUL, a. Detrimental. [Not used.]

LOSSLESS, a. Free from loss. [Not used.]

LOST, pp. [from lose.]

1. Mislaid or left in a place unknown or forgotten; that cannot be found; as a lost book.

2. Ruined; destroyed; wasted or squandered; employed to no good purpose; as lost money; lost time.

3. Forfeited; as a lost estate.

4. Not able to find the right way, or the place intended. A stranger is lost in London or Paris.

5. Bewildered; perplexed; being in a maze; as, a speaker may be lost in his argument.

6. Alienated; insensible; hardened beyond sensibility or recovery; as a profligate lost to shame; lost to all sense of honor.

7. Not perceptible to the senses; not visible; as an isle lost in fog; a person lost in a crowd.

8. Shipwrecked or foundered; sunk or destroyed; as a ship lost at sea, or on the rocks.

LOT, n.

1. That which, in human speech, is called chance, hazard, fortune; but in strictness of language, is the determination of Providence; as, the land shall be divided by lot. Numbers 26:55.

2. That by which the fate or portion of one is determined; that by which an event is committed to chance, that is, to the determination of Providence; as, to cast lots; to draw lots.

The lot is cast into the lap, but the whole disposing thereof is of the Lord. Proverbs 16:33.

3. The part, division or fate which falls to one by chance, that is, by divine determination.

The second lot came forth to Simeon. Joshua 19:1.

He was but born to try the lot of man, to suffer and to die.

4. A distinct portion or parcel; as a lot of goods; a lot of boards.

5. Proportion or share of taxes; as, to pay scot and lot.

6. In the United States, a piece or division of land; perhaps originally assigned by drawing lots, but now any portion, piece or division. So we say, a man has a lot of land in Broadway, or in the meadow; he has a lot in the plain, or on the mountain; he has a home-lot, a house-lot, a wood-lot.

The defendants leased a house and lot in the city of New York.

To cast lots, is to use or throw a die, or some other instrument, by the unforseen turn or position of which, an event is by previous agreement determined.

To draw lots, to determine an event by drawing one thing from a number whose marks are concealed from the drawer, and thus determining an event.

LOT, v.t. To allot; to assign; to distribute; to sort; to catalogue; to portion.

LOTE, n. [L. lotus, lotos.]

1. A plant of the genus Celtis, the lote-tree, of several species. The wood of one species is very durable, and is used for timber. In Italy, flutes and other wind-instruments are made of it, and in England it is used for the frames of coaches, etc.

2. A little fish.

LOTH, a.

1. Literally, hating, detesting; hence,

2. Unwilling; disliking; not inclined; reluctant.

Long doth he stay, as loth to leave the land.

To pardon willing, and to punish loth.

LOTHE, v.t. [See Lade.]

1. To feel disgust at any thing; properly, to have an extreme aversion of the appetite to food or drink.

Our soul lotheth this light bread. Numbers 21:5.

Lothing the honey’d cakes, I long’d for bread.

2. To hate; to dislike greatly; to abhor.

Ye shall lothe yourselves in your own sight for all your evils - Ezekiel 20:43.

Not to reveal the secret which I lothe.

LOTHE, v.i. To create disgust. Obs.

LOTHED, pp. Hatred; abhorred; turned from with disgust.

LOTHER, n. One that lothes or abhors.


1. Hating; abhorring.

Which he did with lothful eyes behold.

2. Disgusting; hated; exciting abhorrence.

Above the reach of lothful sinful lust.


1. Feeling disgust at; having extreme aversion to; as lothing food.

2. Hating; abhorring; as lothing sin.

LOTHING, n. Extreme disgust; abhorrence. Ezekiel 16:5.

LOTHINGLY, adv. With extreme disgust or abhorrence; in a fastidious manner.

LOTHLY, adv. Unwillingly; reluctantly.

This shows that you from nature lothly stray.

LOTHNESS, n. Unwillingness; reluctance.

There grew among them a general silence and lothness to speak.


1. Causing an extreme aversion of appetite; exciting fastidiousness. Numbers 11:20.

2. Exciting extreme disgust; offensive; as a lothsome disease. Psalm 38:7.

3. Odious; exciting hatred or abhorrence; detestable; as lothsome sloth.

LOTHSOMENESS, n. the quality of exciting extreme disgust or abhorrence.

LOTION, n. [L. lotio, from lavo, to wash.]

1. A washing; particularly, a washing of the skin for the purpose of rendering it fair.

2. A liquid preparation for washing some part of the body, to cleanse it of fourlness or deformity.

3. In pharmacy, a preparation of medicines, by washing them in some liquid, to remove foreign substances, impurities, etc.

LOTTERY, n. [See Lot.]

1. A scheme for the distribution of prizes by chance, or the distribution itself. Lotteries are often authorized by law, but many good men deem them immoral in principle, and almost all men concur in the opinion that their effects are pernicious.

2. Allotment. [Not used.]