Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary

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INTERRER — INTOMB

INTERRER, n. [from inter.] One that inters or buries.

INTERREX, n. [L. inter and rex, king.] A regent; a magistrate that governs during an interregnum.

INTERROGATE, v.t. [L. interrogo; inter and rogo, to ask.]

To question; to examine by asking questions; as, to interrogate a witness.

INTERROGATE, v.i. To ask questions.

INTERROGATED, pp. Examined by questions.

INTERROGATING, ppr. Asking questions of one; examining by questions.

INTERROGATION, n. The act of questioning; examination by questions.

1. A question put; inquiry.

2. A note that marks a question; as, does Job serve God for naught?

INTERROGATIVE, a. Denoting a question; expressed in the form of a question; as an interrogative phrase or sentence.

INTERROGATIVE, n. A word used in asking questions; as who? what? which? why?

INTERROGATIVELY, adv. In the form of a question.

INTERROGATOR, n. One who asks questions.

INTERROGATORY, n. A question or inquiry. In law, a particular question to a witness, who is to answer it under the solemnities of an oath. This may be in open court or before commissioners.

INTERROGATORY, a. Containing a question; expressing a question; as an interrogatory sentence.

INTERRUPT, v.t. [L. interrumpo, interruptus; inter and rumpo, to break.]

1. To stop or hinder by breaking in upon the course or progress of any thing; to break the current or motion of; as a fall of rain interrupted our journey. There was not a tree nor a bush to interrupt the charge of the enemy. The speaker was interrupted by shouts of acclamation. We apply the word both to the agent and to his progress. We say, an alarm interrupted the speaker, or his arguments or discourse.

2. To divide; to separate; to break continuity or a continued series. The road was on a plain, not interrupted by a single hill, or interrupted here and there by a hill.

INTERRUPT, a. Broken; containing a chasm.

INTERRUPTED, pp. Stopped; hindered from proceeding.

INTERRUPTEDLY, adv. With breaks or interruptions.

INTERRUPTER, n. One that interrupts.

INTERRUPTING, ppr. Hindering by breaking in upon.

INTERRUPTION, n. [L. interruptio.]

1. The act of interrupting, or breaking in upon progression.

2. Breach of any thing extended; interposition; as an isle separated from the continent by the interruption of the sea.

3. Intervention; interposition.

Lest the interruption of time caused

4. Stop; hinderance; obstruction caused by breaking in upon any course, current, progress or motion. An interruption may be temporary or durable. The work of the Erie canal has suffered few interruptions from storms and floods. The lava met with no interruption till it descended to the foot of the mountain. The author has met with many interruptions in the execution of his work. The speaker or the argument proceeds without interruption.

5. Stop; cessation; intermission.

INTERSCAPULAR, a. [L. inter and scapula, the shoulder-blade.] Situated between the shoulders.

INTERSCIND, v.t. [L. inter and scindo.] To cut off.

INTERSCRIBE, v.t. [L. inter and scribo.] To write between.

INTERSECANT, a. [L. intersecans, interseco; inter and seco, to cut.] Dividing into parts; crossing.

INTERSECT, v.t. [L. interseco; inter, between, and seco, to cut.]

To cut or cross mutually; to divide into parts. Thus two lines or two planes may intersect each other. The ecliptic intersects the equator.

INTERSECT, v.i. To meet and cross each other; as, the point where two lines intersect. [This is elliptical.]

INTERSECTED, pp. Cut or divided into parts; crossed.

INTERSECTING, ppr. Cutting; crossing; as lines.

INTERSECTION, n. [L. intersectio.] The act or state of intersecting.

1. The point or line in which two lines or two planes cut each other.

INTERSEMINATE, v.t. [L. interseminatus; inter, between, and semino, to sow.] To sow between or among. [Little used.]

INTERSERT, v.t. [L. intersero; inter, between, and sero, to throw.]

To set or put in between other things.

INTERSERTION, n. An insertion, or thing inserted between other things.

INTERSPACE, n. [inter and space.] A space between other things.

INTERSPERSE, v.t. interspers’. [L. interspersus; inter, between, and spargo, to scatter.] To scatter or set here and there among other things; as an able argument interspersed with flowers of rhetoric. Intersperse shrubs among trees.

INTERSPERSED, pp. Scattered or situated here and there among other things.

INTERSPERSING, ppr. Scattering here and there among other things.

INTERSPERSION, n. The act of scattering or setting here and there among other things.

INTERSTELLAR, a. [L. inter and stella, a star.] Situated beyond the solar system.

INTERSTICE, n. [L. interstitium; inter and sto, to stand.]

1. A space between things; but chiefly, a narrow or small space between things closely set, or the parts which compose a body. We speak of the interstices between the teeth, or between the parts of wood or stone.

2. Time between one act and another; interval.

INTERSTINCTIVE, a. Distinguishing. [Not used.]

INTERSTITIAL, a. Pertaining to or containing interstices.

INTERSTRATIFIED, a. Stratified among or between other bodies.

INTERTALK, v.t. intertauk’. To exchange conversation. [Not used.]

INTERTANGLE, v.t. To intertwist; to entangle.

INTERTEXTURE, n. [L. intertextus; inter and texo, to weave.] act of interweaving, or the state of things interwoven.

INTERTIE, INTERDUCE, n. In carpentry, a small timber between summers.

INTERTROPICAL, a. [inter and tropical.] Situated between the tropics.

INTERTWINE, v.t. [inter and twine.] To unite by twining or twisting one with another.

INTERTWINED, pp. Twined or twisted one with another.

INTERTWINING, ppr. Twining one with another.

INTERTWIST, v.t. [inter and twist.] To twist one with another.

INTERTWISTED, pp. Twisted one with another.

INTERTWISTING, ppr. Twisting one with another.

INTERVAL, n. [L. intervallum; inter and vallum, a wall, or vallus, a stake.]

1. A space between things; a void space intervening between any two objects; as an interval between two columns, between two pickets or palisades, between two houses or walls, or between two mountains or hills.

2. Space of time between any two points or events; as the interval between the death of Charles I. of England and the accession of Charles II.; the interval between two wars. Hence we say, an interval of peace.

3. The space of time between two paroxysms of disease, pain or delirium; remission; as an interval of ease, of peace, of reason.

4. The distance between two given sounds in music, or the difference in point of gravity or acuteness.

5. A tract of low or plain ground between hills, or along the banks of rivers, usually alluvial land enriched by the overflowings of rivers, or by fertilizing deposits of earth from the adjacent hills. [De. Belknap writes this intervale; I think improperly.]

INTERVEINED, a. [inter and vein.] Intersected as with veins.

Fair champaign with less rivers interveined.

INTERVENE, v.i. [L. intervenio; inter and venio, to come.]

1. To come or be between persons or things; to be situated between. Thus the Atlantic intervenes between Europe and America; the Mediterranean intervenes between Europe and Africa.

2. To come between points or time or events; as the period that intervened between the treaty of Ryswick and the treaty of Utrecht.

3. To happen in a way to disturb, cross or interrupt. Events may intervene to frustrate our purposes or wishes.

4. To interpose or undertake voluntarily for another. A third party may intervene and accept a bill of exchange for another.

INTERVENE, n. A coming between. [Not used.]

INTERVENIENT, a. Coming or being between; intercedent; interposed. [Little used.]

INTERVENING, ppr. or a. Coming or being between persons or things, or between points of time; as intervening space or time; intervening events or misfortunes; intervening peace.

INTERVENTION, n. [L. interventio.]

1. A state of coming or being between; interposition. Light is not interrupted by the intervention of a transparent body.

2. Agency of persons between persons; interposition; mediation; any interference that may affect the interests of others.

Let us decide our quarrels at home without the intervention of a foreign power.

3. Agency of means or instruments; as, effects are produced by the intervention of natural causes.

4. Interposition in favor of another; a voluntary undertaking of one party for another. A bill of exchange may be accepted by the intervention of a third person in behalf of the drawer or of one of the indorsers.

INTERVENUE, n. Interposition. [Not used.]

INTERVERT, v.t. [L. interverto; inter and verto, to turn.]

To turn to another course or to another use. [Little used.]

INTERVIEW, n. [inter and view.] A mutual sight or view; a meeting; usually a formal meeting for some conference on an important subject; hence the word implies a conference or mutual communication of thoughts. The envoy had an interview with the king or with the secretary of foreign affairs. The parties had an interview and adjusted their differences.

INTERVOLVE, v.t. intervolv’. [L. intervolvo; inter and volvo, to roll.] To involve one within another.

INTERVOLVED, pp. Involved one within another; wrapped together.

INTERVOLVING, ppr. Involving one within another.

INTERWEAVE, v.t. pret. interwove; pp. interwoven. [inter and weave.]

1. To weave together; to intermix or unite in texture or construction; as threads of silk and cotton interwoven.

2. To intermix; to set among or together; as a covert of interwoven trees.

3. To intermingle; to insert together; as, to interweave truth with falsehood.

INTERWEAVING, ppr. Weaving together.

INTERWEAVING, n. Intertexture.

INTERWISH, v.t. [inter and wish.] To wish mutually to each other. [Little used.]

INTERWORKING, n. The act of working together.

INTERWREATHED, a. Woven into a wreath.

INTESTABLE, a. [L. intestabilis; in and testabilis; testis, a witness; testor, to testify.]

Not capable of making a will; legally unqualified or disqualified to make a testament; as, a person unqualified for want of discretion, or disqualified by loss of reason, is intestable.

INTESTACY, n. [from intestate.] The state of dying without making a will or disposing of one’s effects.

INTESTATE, a. [L. intestatus; in and testatus, testor, to make a will.]

1. Dying without having made a will. When a man dies intestate, his estate is committed for settlement to administrators.

2. Not devised; not disposed of by will; as an intestate estate.

INTESTATE, n. A person who dies without making a will.

INTESTINAL, a. [from intestine.] Pertaining to the intestines of an animal body; as the intestinal tube or canal.

INTESTINE, a. [L. intestinus, from intus, within.]

1. Internal; inward; opposed to external; applied to the human or other animal body; as an intestine disease.

2. Internal with regard to a state or country; domestic, not foreign; as intestine feuds; intestine war; intestine enemies. It is to be remarked that this word is usually or always applied to evils. We never say, intestine happiness or prosperity; intestine trade, manufactures or bills; but intestine broils, trouble, disorders, calamities, war, etc. We say, internal peace, welfare, prosperity, or internal broils, war, trade, etc. This restricted use of intestine seems to be entirely arbitrary.

INTESTINE, n. Usually in the plural, intestines. The bowels; the canal or tube that extends, with convolutions, from the right orifice of the stomach to the anus.

INTHIRST, v.t. inthurst’. [in and thirst.] To make thirsty. [Not used.]

INTHRALL, v.t. [in and thrall.] To enslave; to reduce to bondage or servitude; to shackle. The Greeks have been inthralled by the Turks.

She soothes, but never can inthrall my mind.

INTHRALLED, pp. Enslaved; reduced to servitude.

INTHRALLING, ppr. Enslaving.

INTHRALLMENT, n. Servitude; slavery; bondage.

INTHRONE, v.t. [in and throne.] To seat on a throne; to raise to royalty or supreme dominion. [See Enthrone, which is the more common orthography.]

INTHRONIZATION, n. The act of enthroning. [Not in use.]

INTHRONIZE, v.t. To enthrone. [Not in use.]

INTIMACY, n. [from intimate.] Close familiarity or fellowship; nearness in friendship.

INTIMATE, a. [L. intimus, superl. of intus, or interus, within.]

1. Inmost; inward; internal; as intimate impulse.

2. Near; close.

He was honored with an intimate and immediate admission.

3. Close in friendship or acquaintance; familiar; as an intimate friend; intimate acquaintance.

INTIMATE, n. A familiar friend or associate; one to whom the thoughts of another are entrusted without reserve.
INTIMATE, v.i. To share together. [Not in use.]
INTIMATE, v.t. [Low L. intimo, to intimate, to register, to love entirely, to make one intimate, to enter, from intimus.]

To hint; to suggest obscurely, indirectly or not very plainly; to give slight notice of. He intimated his intention of resigning his office.

‘Tis heaven itself that points out an hereafter,

And intimates eternity to man.

INTIMATED, pp. Hinted; slightly mentioned or signified.

INTIMATELY, adv. Closely; with close intermixture and union of parts; as two fluids intimately mixed.

1. Closely; with nearness of friendship or alliance; as two friends intimately united; two families intimately connected.

2. Familiarly; particularly; as, to be intimately acquainted with facts or with a subject.

INTIMATING, ppr. Hinting; suggesting.

INTIMATION, n. Hint; an obscure or indirect suggestion or notice; a declaration or remark communicating imperfect information. Our friend left us without giving any previous intimation of his design.

INTIME, a. [L. intimus.] Inward; internal. [Not used.]

INTIMIDATE, v.t. [L. timidus, fearful; timeo, to fear.]

To make fearful; to inspire with fear; to dishearten; to abash.

Now guilt once harbor’d in the conscious breast,

Intimidates the brave, degrades the great.

INTIMIDATED, pp. Made fearful; abashed.

INTIMIDATING, ppr. Making fearful; abashing.

INTIMIDATION, n. The act of making fearful; the state of being abashed.

INTINCTIVITY, n. [L. in and tinctus, dipped, stained.]

The want of the quality of coloring or tinging other bodies. Fuller’s earth is distinguished from colorific earths by its intinctivity.

INTIRE, INTIRELY,. [See Entire and its derivatives.]

INTITLE. [See Entitle.]

INTO, prep. [in and to.] Noting entrance or a passing from the outside of a thing to its interior parts. It follows verbs expressing motion. Come into the house; go into the church; one stream falls or runs into another. Water enters into the fine vessels of plants.

1. Noting penetration beyond the outside or surface, or access to it. Look into a letter or book; look into an apartment.

2. Noting insertion. Infuse more spirit or animation into the composition.

3. Noting mixture. Put other ingredients into the compound.

4. Noting inclusion. Put these ideas into other words.

5. Noting the passing of a thing from one form or state to another. Compound substances may be resolved into others which are more simple; ice is convertible into water, and water into vapor. Men are more easily drawn than forced into compliance. We reduce many distinct substances into one mass. We are led by evidence into belief of truth. Men are often enticed into the commission of crimes. Children are sometimes frightened into fits, and we are all liable to be seduced into error and folly.

INTOLERABLE, a. [L. intolerabilis; in and tolerabilis, tolero, to bear.]

1. Not to be borne; that cannot be endured; as intolerable pain; intolerable heat or cold; an intolerable burden.

2. Insufferable; as intolerable laziness.

INTOLERABLENESS, n. The quality of being not tolerable or sufferable.

INTOLERABLY, adv. To a degree beyond endurance; as intolerably cold; intolerably abusive.

INTOLERANCE, n. [from intolerant.] Want of toleration; the not enduring at all or not suffering to exist without persecution; as the intolerance of a prince or a church towards a religious sect.

INTOLERANT, a. [L. in and tolero, to endure.]

1. Not enduring; not able to endure.

The powers of the human body being limited and intolerant of excesses.

2. Not enduring difference of opinion or worship; refusing to tolerate others in the enjoyment of their opinions, rights and worship.

INTOLERANT, n. One who does not favor toleration.

INTOLERATED, a. Not endured; not tolerated.

INTOLERATION, n. Intolerance; refusal to tolerate others in their opinions or worship.

INTOMB, v.t. intoom’. [in and tomb.] To deposit in a tomb; to bury.