Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary



INCONSTANTLY, adv. In an inconstant manner; not steadily.

INCONSUMABLE, a. [in and consumable.] Not to be consumed; that cannot be wasted.

INCONSUMMATE, a. [in and consummate.]

Not consummate; not finished; not complete.

INCONSUMMATENESS, n. State of being incomplete.

INCONSUMPTIBLE, a. [L. in and consumptus.]

1. Not to be spent, wasted or destroyed by fire. [Not used.]

2. Not to be destroyed. [Not used.]

INCONTESTABLE, a. Not contestable; not to be disputed; not admitting debate; too clear to be controverted; incontrovertible; as incontestable evidence, truth or facts.

INCONTESTABLY, adv. In a manner to preclude debate; indisputably; incontrovertibly; indubitably.

INCONTIGUOUS, a. [in and contiguous.]

Not contiguous; not adjoining; not touching; separate.

INCONTINENCE, INCONTINENCY, n. [L. incontinentia. See Continence.]

1. Want of restraint of the passions or appetites; free or uncontrolled indulgence of the passions or appetites, as of anger.

2. Want of restraint of the sexual appetite; free or illegal indulgence of lust; lewdness; used of either sex, but appropriately of the male sex. Incontinence in men is the same as unchastity in women.

3. Among physicians, the inability of any of the animal organs to restrain discharges of their contents, so that the discharges are involuntary; Also, the involuntary discharge itself; as an incontinence of urine in diabetes.

INCONTINENT, a. [L. incontinens.] Not restraining the passions or appetites, particularly the sexual appetite; indulging lust without restraint or in violation of law; unchaste; lewd.

1. Unable to restrain discharges.

In the sense of immediate or immediately, Obs.

INCONTINENT, n. One who is unchaste.

INCONTINENTLY, adv. Without due restraint of the passions or appetites; unchastely.

1. Immediately.

INCONTRACTED, a. Not contracted; not shortened.

INCONTROLLABLE, a. [in and controllable.]

Not to be controlled; that cannot be restrained or governed; uncontrollable.

INCONTROLLABLY, adv. In a manner that admits of no control.

INCONTROVERTIBLE, a. [in and controvertible.]

Indisputable; too clear or certain to admit of dispute.

INCONTROVERTIBLY, adv. In a manner or to a degree that precludes debate or controversy.

INCONVENIENCE, INCONVENIENCY, n. [L. inconveniens; in and convenio, conveniens.]

1. Unfitness; unsuitableness; inexpedience.

They plead against the inconvenience, not the unlawfulness of popish apparel.

2. That which gives trouble or uneasiness; disadvantage; any thing that disturbs quiet, impedes prosperity, or increases the difficulty of action or success. Rain and bad roads are inconveniences to the traveler; want of utensils is a great inconvenience to a family; but the great inconvenience of human life is the want of money and the means of obtaining it.

INCONVENIENT, a. [L. supra.]

1. Incommodious; unsuitable; disadvantageous; giving trouble or uneasiness; increasing the difficulty of progress or success; as an inconvenient dress or garment; an inconvenient house; inconvenient customs; an inconvenient arrangement of business.

2. Unfit; unsuitable.

INCONVENIENTLY, adv. Unsuitably; incommodiously; in a manner to give trouble; unseasonably.

INCONVERSABLE, a. [in and conversable.] Not inclined to free conversation; incommunicative; unsocial; reserved.

INCONVERSANT, a. Not conversant; not familiar; not versed.

INCONVERTIBILITY, n. [from inconvertible.] The quality of not being changeable or convertible into something else; as the inconvertibility of bank notes or other currency into gold or silver.

INCONVERTIBLE, a. [in and convertible.] Not convertible; that cannot be transmuted or changed into something else. One metal is inconvertible into another. Bank notes are sometimes inconvertible into specie.

INCONVINCIBLE, a. [in and convincible.] Not convincible; that cannot be convinced; not capable of conviction.

INCONVINCIBLY, adv. In a manner not admitting of conviction.

INCONY, a. or n. Unlearned; artless; an accomplished person, in contempt.

INCORPORAL, a. [in and corporal. Not consisting of matter or body; immaterial. Incorporeal is generally used.]

INCORPORALITY, n. The quality of not consisting of matter; immateriality.

INCORPORALLY, adv. Without matter or a body; immaterially.

INCORPORATE, a. [in and corporate.]

1. Not consisting of matter; not having a material body. [Little used.]

2. Mixed; united in one body; associated.

INCORPORATE, v.t. [L. incorporo; in and corpus, a body.]

1. In pharmacy, to mix different ingredients in one mass or body; to reduce dry substances to the consistence of paste by the admixture of a fluid, as in making pills, etc.

2. To mix and embody one substance in another; as, to incorporate copper with silver.

3. To unite; to blend; to work into another mass or body; as, to incorporate plagiarisms into one’s own composition.

4. To unite; to associate in another government or empire. The Romans incorporated conquered countries into their government.

5. To embody; to give a material form to.

The idolaters, who worshiped their images as gods, supposed some spirit to be incorporated therein.

6. To form into a legal body, or body politic; to constitute a body, composed of one or more individuals, with the quality of perpetual existence or succession, unless limited by the act of incorporation; as, to incorporate the inhabitants of a city, town or parish; to incorporate the proprietors of a bridge, the stockholders of a bank, of an insurance company, etc. New Haven was incorporated in January 1784; Hartford in May 1784.

INCORPORATE, v.i. To unite so as to make a part of another body; to be mixed or blended; to grow into, etc.; usually followed by with.

Painters’ colors and ashes do better incorporate with oil.

INCORPORATED, pp. Mixed or united in one body; associated in the same political body; united in a legal body.

INCORPORATING, ppr. Mixing or uniting in one body or mass; associating in the same political body; forming a legal body.

INCORPORATION, n. The act of incorporating.

1. Union of different ingredients in one mass.

2. Association in the same political body; as the incorporation of conquered countries into the Roman republic.

3. Formation of a legal or political body by the union of individuals, constituting and artificial person.

INCORPOREAL, a. [L. incorporalis, incorporeus.]

Not consisting of matter; not having a material body; immaterial. Spirits are deemed incorporeal substances.

INCORPOREALLY, adv. Without body; immaterially.

INCORPOREITY, n. The quality of being not material; immateriality.

INCORPSE, v.t. incorps’. To incorporate.

INCORRECT, a. [in and correct.] Not correct; not exact; not according to a copy or model, or to established rules; inaccurate; faulty.

The piece, you think, is incorrect.

1. Not according to truth; inaccurate; as an incorrect statement, narration or calculation.

2. Not according to law or morality.

INCORRECTION, n. Want of correction.

INCORRECTLY, adv. Not in accordance with truth or other standard; inaccurately; not exactly; as a writing incorrectly copied; testimony incorrectly stated.

INCORRECTNESS, n. Want of conformity to truth or to a standard; inaccuracy. Incorrectness may consist in defect or in redundance.

INCORRIGIBLE, a. [L. corrigo; con and rego.]

1. That cannot be corrected or amended; bad beyond correction; as incorrigible error.

2. Too depraved to be corrected or reformed; as an incorrigible sinner; an incorrigible drunkard.

INCORRIGIBLENESS, INCORRIGIBILITY, n. The quality of being bad, erroneous or depraved beyond correction; hopeless depravity in persons and error in things.

INCORRIGIBLY, adv. To a degree of depravity beyond all means of amendment.

INCORRUPT, INCORRUPTED, a. [L. incorruptus; in and corrumpo, corruptus; con and rumpo, to break.] Not corrupt; not marred, impaired or spoiled; not defiled or depraved; pure; sound; untainted; applicable to persons, principles or substances.

INCORRUPTIBILITY, n. [from incorruptible.]

The quality of being incapable of decay or corruption.


1. That cannot corrupt or decay; not admitting of corruption. Thus gold, glass, mercury, etc., are incorruptible. Spirits are supposed to be incorruptible.

Our bodies shall be changed into incorruptible and immortal substances.

2. That cannot be bribed; inflexibly just and upright.

INCORRUPTIBLENESS, n. The quality of being incorruptible, or not liable to decay.

INCORRUPTION, n. [in and corruption.] Incapacity of being corrupted.

It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption. 1 Corinthians 15:42.

INCORRUPTIVE, a. Not liable to corruption or decay.

INCORRUPTNESS, n. Exemption from decay or corruption.

1. Purity of mind or manners; probity; integrity; honesty.

INCRASSATE, v.t. [L. incrasso, incrassatus; in and crassus, thick.]

1. To make thick or thicker; to thicken; the contrary to attenuate.

2. In pharmacy, to make fluids thicker by the mixture of other substances less fluid, or by evaporating the thinner parts.

Acids dissolve or attenuate; alkalies precipitate or incrassate.

INCRASSATE, v.i. To become thick or thicker.
INCRASSATE, INCRAS’SATED, a. In botany, thickened or becoming thicker towards the flower, as a peduncle.

1. Fattened.

INCRASSATED, pp. Made thick or thicker.

INCRASSATING, ppr. Rendering thick or thicker; growing thicker.

INCRASSATION, n. The act of thickening, or state of becoming thick or thicker.

INCRASSATIVE, a. Having the quality of thickening.

INCRASSATIVE, n. That which has the power to thicken.

INCREASABLE, a. That may be increased.

INCREASE, v.i. [L. incresco; in and cresco, to grow.]

1. To become greater in bulk or quantity; to grow; to augment; as plants. Hence, to become more in number; to advance in value, or in any quality good or bad. Animal and vegetable bodies increase by natural growth; wealth increases by industry; heat increases, as the sun advances towards the meridian; a multitude increases by accession of numbers; knowledge increases with age and study; passion and enmity increase by irritation, and misery increases with vice.

The Lord make you to increase and abound in love one toward another. 1 Thessalonians 3:12.

2. To become more violent; as, the fever increases; the pain increases; cold, wind or a storm increases.

3. To become more bright or vivid; as, the light increases.

4. To swell; to rise.

The waters increased and bore up the ark. Genesis 7:17.

5. To swell; to become louder, as sound.

6. To become of more esteem and authority.

He must increase, but I must decrease. John 3:30.

7. To enlarge, as the enlightened part of the moon’s disk.

INCREASE, v.t. To augment or make greater in bulk, quantity or amount; as, to increase wealth or treasure; to increase a sum or value.

1. To advance in quality; to add to any quality or affection; as, to increase the strength of moral habits; to increase love, zeal or passion.

2. To extend; to lengthen; as, to increase distance.

3. To extend; to spread; as, to increase fame or renown.

4. To aggravate; as, to increase guilt or trespass.

INCREASE, n. Augmentation; a growing larger; extension.

Of the increase of his government and peace, there shall be no end. Isaiah 9:7.

1. Increment; profit; interest; that which is added to the original stock.

Take thou no interest of him or increase; but fear thy God. Leviticus 25:36.

2. Produce, as of land.

Then shall the earth yield her increase. Psalm 67:6.

3. Progeny; issue; offspring.

All the increase of thy house shall die in the flower of their age. 1 Samuel 2:33.

4. Generation.

5. The waxing of the moon; the augmentation of the luminous part of the moon, presented to the inhabitants of the earth.

Seeds, hair, nails, hedges and herbs will grow soonest, if set or cut in the increase of the moon.

6. Augmentation of strength or violence; as increase of heat, love or other passion; increase of force.

7. Augmentation of degree; as increase of happiness or misery.

INCREASED, pp. Augmented; made or grown larger.

INCREASEFUL, a. Abundant of produce.

INCREASER, n. He or that which increases.

INCREASING, ppr. Growing; becoming larger; advancing in any quality, good or bad.

INCREATE, INCREATED, a. Uncreated, which see. [The latter is the word mostly used.]

INCREDIBILITY, n. [See Incredible.] The quality of surpassing belief, or of being too extraordinary to admit of belief.

INCREDIBLE, a. [L. incredibilis; in and credibilis, credible.]

That cannot be believed; not to be credited; too extraordinary and improbable to admit of belief.

Why should it be thought a thing incredible with you, that God should raise the dead? Acts 26:8.

INCREDIBLENESS, n. Incredibility, which see.

INCREDIBLY, adv. In a manner to preclude belief.

INCREDULITY, n. The quality of not believing; indisposition to believe; a withholding or refusal of belief.

Of every species of incredulity, religious unbelief is infinitely the most irrational.

INCREDULOUS, a. [L. incredulus; in and credulus; credo, to believe.] Not believing; indisposed to admit the truth of what is related; refusing or withholding belief.

INCREDULOUSNESS, n. Incredulity, which see.

INCREMABLE, a. [L. in and cremo.] That cannot be burnt. [not used.]

INCREMENT, n. [L. incrementum, from incresco. See Increase.]

1. Increase; a growing in bulk, quantity, number, value or amount; augmentation.

2. Produce; production.

3. Matter added; increase.

4. In mathematics, the quantity by which a variable quantity increases; a differential quantity.

INCREPATE, v.t. [L. increpo.] To chide; to rebuke. [Not in use.]

INCREPATION, n. A chiding or rebuking; rebuke; reprehension.

INCRESCENT, a. [L. increscens. See Increase.] growing; augmenting; swelling.

INCRIMINATE, v.t. [L. in and criminor, to accuse. See Crime.]

To accuse; to charge with a crime or fault.

INCRUENTAL, a. [L. incruentus.] Unbloody; not attended with blood. [Not in use.]

INCRUST, v.t. [L. incrusto; in and crusto, to crust.]

To cover with a crust or with a hard coat; to form a crust on the surface of any substance; as iron incrusted with oxyd or rust; a vessel incrusted with salt.

INCRUSTATE, v.t. To incrust. [Less frequently used.]

INCRUSTATION, n. [L. incrustatio.]

1. A crust or rough coat of any thing on the surface of a body.

2. A covering or lining of marble or other stone.

INCRYSTALIZABLE, a. [in and crystalizable.]

That will not crystalize; that cannot be formed into crystals.

INCUBATE, v.i. [L. incubo; in and cubo, to lie down.] To sit, as on eggs for hatching.

INCUBATION, n. [L. incubatio.] The act of sitting on eggs for the purpose of hatching young.

INCUBATURE, n. Incubation. [Not used.]

INCUBUS, n. [L. incubo, to lie on.]

1. The nightmare; an oppression of the breast in sleep, or sense of weight, with an almost total loss of the power of moving the body, while the imagination is frightened or astonished.

2. A demon; an imaginary being or fairy.

INCULCATE, v.t. [L. inculco, to drive or force on; in and calco, to tread, calx, the heel.] To impress by frequent admonitions; to teach and enforce by frequent repetitions; to urge on the mind. Our Savior inculcates on his followers humility and forgiveness of injuries.

INCULCATED, pp. Impressed or enforced by frequent admonitions.

INCULCATING, ppr. Impressing or enforcing by repeated instruction.

INCULCATION, n. The action of impressing by repeated admonitions.

INCULPABLE, a. [L. in and culpabilis, from culpa, a fault.]

Without fault; unblamable; that cannot be accused.

INCULPABLENESS, n. Unblamableness.

INCULPABLY, a. Unblamably; without blame.

INCULT, a. [L. incultus; in and cultus, from colo.]

Untilled; uncultivated.

INCULTIVATED, a. Not cultivated; uncultivated.

INCULTIVATION, n. Neglect or want of cultivation.

INCULTURE, n. Want or neglect of cultivation.

INCUMBENCY, n. [from incumbent.] A lying or resting on something.

1. The state of holding or being in possession of a benefice, or of an office.

These fines are to be paid to the bishop, only during his incumbency.

There is no test of the tenure, but incumbency on the part of the king.

INCUMBENT, a. [L. incumbens, incumbo; in and cumbo, to lie down.]

1. Lying or resting on.

And when to move th’incumbent load they try.

2. Supported; buoyed up.

And fly incumbent on the dusky air.

3. Leaning on, or resting against; as incumbent stamens or anthers, in botany.

4. Lying on, as duty or obligation; imposed and emphatically urging or pressing to performance; indispensable.

All men, truly zealous, will perform those good works which are incumbent on all christians.

INCUMBENT, n. The person who is in present possession of a benefice, or of any office. [It is applied to civil officers as well as to ecclesiastical.]

INCUMBER, v.t. To burden with a load; to embarrass. [See Encumber, and its derivatives.]

INCUMBRANCE, n. A burdensome and troublesome load; any thing that impedes motion or action, or renders it difficult or laborious; clog; impediment; embarrassment.

1. A legal claim on the estate of another.

INCUMBRANCER, n. One who has an incumbrance, or some legal claim on an estate.