Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary
HORSE-CUCUMBER — HOUNDTREE
HORSE-CUCUMBER, n. A large green cucumber.
HORSEDEALER, n. One who buys and sells horses.
HORSEDRENCH, n. A dose of physic for a horse.
HORSEDUNG, n. The dung of horses.
HORSE-EMMET, n. A species of large ant.
HORSEFACED, a. Having a long coarse face; ugly.
HORSEFLESH, n. The flesh of a horse.
HORSEFLY, n. A large fly that stings horses.
HORSEFOOT, n. A plant, called also coltsfoot.
HORSEGUARDS, n. A body of cavalry for guards.
HORSEHAIR, n. The hair of horses.
HORSEHOE, v.t. To hoe or clean a field by means of horses.
HORSEKNAVE, n. A groom.
HORSE-KEEPER, n. One who keeps or takes care of horses.
HORSELAUGH, n. A loud, boisterous laugh.
HORSELEECH, n. A large leech. [See Leech.]
1. A farrier.
HORSELITTER, n. A carriage hung on poles which are borne by and between two horses.
HORSELOAD, n. A load for a horse.
HORSEMAN, n. A rider on horseback.
1. A man skilled in riding.
2. A soldier who serves on horseback.
HORSEMANSHIP, n. The act of riding, and of training and managing horses.
HORSEMARTEN, n. A kind of large bee.
HORSEMATCH, n. A bird.
HORSEMEAT, n. Food for horses; provender.
HORSE-MILL, a. A mill turned by a horse.
HORSE-MINT, n. A species of large mint.
HORSE-MUSCLE, n. A large muscle or shell-fish.
HORSEPATH, n. A path for horses, as by canals.
HORSEPLAY, n. Rough, rugged play.
HORSEPOND, n. A pond for watering horses.
HORSEPURSLANE, n. A plant of the genus Trianthema.
HORSERACE, n. A race by horses; a match of horses in running.
HORSERACING, n. The practice or act of running horses.
HORSERADISH, n. A plant of the genus Cochlearia, a species of scurvy grass, having a root of a pungent taste.
HORSESHOE, n. A shoe for horses, consisting of a plate of iron of a circular form.
HORSESHOE-HEAD, n. A disease of infants, in which the sutures of the skull are too open; opposed to headmold-shot.
HORSESTEALER, HORSETHIEF, n. A stealer of horses.
HORSETAIL, n. A plant of the genus Equisetum. The shrubby horsetail is of the genus Ephedra.
HORSETONGUE, n. A plant of the genus Ruscus.
HORSEVETCH, HORSESHOE-VETCH, n. A plant of the genus Hippocrepis.
HORSEWAY, n. A way or road in which horses may travel.
HORSEWHIP, n. A whip for driving or striking horses.
HOSEWHIP, v.t. To lash; to strike with a horsewhip.
HORSEWORM, n. A worm that infests horses; a bott.
HORTATION, n. [L. hortatio, from hortor, to exhort.]
The act of exhorting, or giving advice; exhortation; advice intended to encourage. [But exhortation is generally used.]
HORTATIVE, a. Giving exhortation, advisory.
HORTATIVE, n. Exhortation; a precept given to incite or encourage.
HORTATORY, a. Encouraging; inciting; giving advice; as a hortatory speech.
HORTENSIAL, a. [L. hortensis.] Fit for a garden. [Not used.]
HORTICULTOR, n. [L. hortus, a garden, and cultor, a tiller.]
One who cultivates a garden.
HORTICULTURAL, a. Pertaining to the culture of gardens.
HORTICULTURE, n. [L. hortus, garden, and cultura, culture, from colo, to till.] The cultivation of a garden; or the art of cultivating gardens.
HORTICULTURIST, n. One who is skilled in the art of cultivating gardens.
HORTULAN, a. [L. hortulanus.] Belonging to a garden; as a hortulan calendar.
HORTUSSICCUS, n. [L.] Literally, a dry garden; an appellation given to a collection of specimens of plants, carefully dried and preserved.
HOSANNA, n. s as z. [Heb. save, I beseech you.]
An exclamation of praise to God, or an invocation of blessings. In the Hebrew ceremonies, it was a prayer rehearsed on the several days of the feast of tabernacles, in which this word was often repeated.
HOSE, n. plu. hosen or hose; pron. hoze, ho’zn.
1. Breeches or trowsers.
2. Stockings; coverings for the legs. This word, in mercantile use, is synonymous with stockings, though originally a very different garment.
3. A leathern pipe, used with fire-engines, for conveying water to extinguish fires.
HOSIER, n. ho’zhur. One who deals in stockings and socks, etc.
HOSIERY, n. ho’zhury. Stockings in general; socks.
HOSPITABLE, a. [L. hospitalis, from hospes, a guest.]
1. Receiving and entertaining strangers, with kindness and without reward; kind to strangers and guests; disposed to treat guests with generous kindness; as a hospitable man.
2. Proceeding from or indicating kindness to guests; manifesting generosity; as a hospitable table; hospitable rites.
3. Inviting to strangers; offering kind reception; indicating hospitality.
To where yon taper cheers the vale,
With hospitable ray.
HOSPITABLY, adv. With kindness to strangers or guests; with generous and liberal entertainment.
HOSPITAGE, n. Hospitality.
HOSPITAL, n. [L. hospitalis, supra.]
1. A building appropriated for the reception of sick, infirm and helpless paupers, who are supported and nursed by charity; also, a house for the reception of insane persons, whether paupers or not, or for seamen, soldiers, foundlings, etc. who are supported by the public, or by private charity, or for infected persons, etc.
2. A place for shelter or entertainment.
HOSPITAL, a. Hospitable. [Not in use.]
HOSPITALITY, n. [L. hospitalitas.] The act or practice of receiving and entertaining strangers or guests without reward, or with kind and generous liberality.
A bishop--must be given to hospitality. 1 Timothy 3:2.
Hospitality I have found as universal as the face of man.
HOSPITALLER, n. [from hospital.] Properly, one residing in a hospital for the purpose of receiving the poor and strangers. The hospitallers were an order of knights who built a hospital at Jerusalem for pilgrims. They were called knights of St. John, and are the same as the knights of Malta.
HOSPITATE, v.i. [L. hospitor.] To reside or lodge under the roof of another. [Not used.]
HOSPITATE, v.t. To lodge a person. [Not used.]
HOST, n. [L. hostis, a stranger, an enemy, probably of the same family. See Hospitable.]
1. One who entertains another at his own house, without reward.
Homer never entertained guests or hosts with long speeches.
2. One who entertains another at his house for reward; an innkeeper; a landlord.
3. A guest; one who is entertained at the house of another. The innkeeper says of the traveler, he has a good host, and the traveler says of his landlord, he has a kind host. [See Guest.]
HOST, n. [L. hostis, a stranger, an enemy. The sense is probably transferred from a single foe to an army of foes.]
1. An army; a number of men embodied for war.
2. Any great number or multitude.
HOST, n. [L. hostia, a victim or sacrifice, from hostis, an enemy.]
In the Romish church, the sacrifice of the mass, or the consecrated wafer, representing the body of Christ, or as the Catholics allege, transubstantiated into his own body.
HOST, v.i. To lodge at an inn; to take up entertainment. [Little used.]
HOST, v.t. To give entertainment to. [Not used.]
HOSTAGE, n. A person delivered to an enemy or hostile power, as a pledge to secure the performance of the conditions of a treaty or stipulations of any kind, and on the performance of which the person is to be released.
HOSTESS, n. A female host; a woman who entertains guests at her house.
1. A woman who keeps an inn.
HOSTESS-SHIP, n. The character or business of a hostess.
HOSTILE, a. [L. hostilis, from hostis, an enemy, that is, a foreigner.]
1. Belonging to a public enemy; designating enmity, particularly public enmity, or a state of war; inimical; as a hostile band or army; a hostile force; hostile intentions.
2. Possessed by a public enemy; as a hostile country.
3. Adverse; opposite; unfriendly. [But the word is not properly applied to private enmity, or mere unfriendliness.]
HOSTILELY, adv. In a hostile manner.
HOSTILITY, n. [L. hostilitas, from hostis, an enemy.]
1. The state of war between nations or states; the actions of an open enemy; aggression; attacks of an enemy. These secret enmities broke out in hostilities.
Hostility being thus suspended with France.
We have carried on even our hostilities with humanity.
2. Private enmity; a sense less proper.
HOSTILIZE, v.t. To make an enemy. [Little used.]
HOSTING, n. [from host, an army.]
An encounter; a battle. [Little used.]
1. A muster or review.
HOSTLER, n. hos’ler. The person who has the care of horses at an inn.
HOSTLESS, a. Inhospitable. [Not in use.]
HOSTRY, a. A stable for horses.
1. A lodging house.
1. Having sensible heat; opposed to cold; as a hot stove or fire; a hot cloth; hot liquors. Hot expresses more than warm.
2. Ardent in temper; easily excited or exasperated; vehement.
Achilles is impatient, hot and revengeful.
3. Violent; furious; as a hot engagement or assault.
4. Eager; animated;; brisk; keen; as a hot pursuit, or a person hot in a pursuit.
5. Lustful; lewd.
6. Acrid; biting; stimulating; pungent; as hot as mustard or pepper.
HOT, HOTE, HOTEN, pp. Called; named.
HOTBED, n. In gardening, a bed of earth and horsedung or tanner’s bark, covered with glass to defend it form the cold air, intended for raising early plants, or for nourishing exotic plants of warm climates, which will not thrive in cool or temperate air.
HOTBRAINED, a. Ardent in temper; violent; rash; precipitate; as hotbrained youth.
1. Properly, a mingled mass; a mixture of ingredients.
2. In law, a mixing of lands. Thus lands given in frank-marriage to one daughter, shall, after the death of the ancestor, be blended with the lands descending to her and then be divided in equal portions to all the daughters.
HOTCOCKLES, n. plu. A play in which one covers his eyes, and guesses who strikes him, or his hand placed behind him.
1. A palace.
2. An inn; a house for entertaining strangers or travelers. It was formerly a house for genteel strangers or lodgers, but the name is now given to any inn.
HOTHEADED, a. Of ardent passions; vehement; violent; rash.
HOTHOUSE, n. A house kept warm to shelter tender plants and shrubs from the cold air; a place in which the plants of warmer climates may be reared, and fruits ripened.
1. A bagnio, or place to sweat and cup in.
2. A brothel.
HOTLY, adv. [from hot.] With heat.
1. Ardently; vehemently; violently; as a stag hotly pursued.
HOTMOUTHED, a. Headstrong; ungovernable.
That hotmouthed beast that bears against the curb.
HOTNESS, n. Sensible heat beyond a moderate degree or warmth.
1. Violence; vehemence; fury.
HOTSPUR, n. [hot and spur.] A man violent, passionate, heady, rash or precipitate.
1. A kind of pea of early growth.
HOTSPUR, a. Violent; impetuous.
HOTSPURRED, a. Vehement; rash; heady; headstrong.
HOTTENTOT, n. A native of the southern extremity of Africa.
1. A savage brutal man.
HOTTENTOT-CHERRY, n. A plant. [See Cherry.]
HOUGH, n. hok.
1. The lower part of the thigh; the ham; the joint of the hind leg of a beast that connects the thigh with the leg.
2. An adz; a hoe. [Not in use.]
HOUGH, v.t. hok. To hamstring; to disable by cutting the sinews of the ham.
1. To cut with a hoe.
HOUND, n. [L. canis.] A generic name of the dog; but in English it is confined to a particular breed or variety, used in the chase. It has long, smooth, pendulous ears.
HOUND, v.t. To set on the chase.
1. To hunt; to chase.
HOUNDFISH, n. A fish, called also Galeus laevis, with a long round body, and ash-colored sides and back.
A species of shark, the Squalus mustelus.