Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary



HIDALGO, n. In Spain, a man of noble birth.

HIDDENLY, adv. In a hidden or secret manner.

HIDE, v.t. pret. hid; pp. hid, hidden.

1. To conceal; to withhold or withdraw from sight; to place in any state or position in which the view is intercepted from the object. The intervention of the moon between the earth and the sun hides the latter from our sight. The people in Turkey hide their grain in the earth. No human being can hide his crimes or his neglect of duty from his Maker.

2. To conceal from knowledge; to keep secret.

Depart to the mountains; hide yourselves there three days. Joshua 2:16.

Tell me now what thou hast done--hide it not from me. Joshua 7:19.

3. In Scripture, not to confess or disclose; or to excuse and extenuate.

I acknowledged my sin to thee, and my iniquity have I not hid. Psalm 32:5.

4. To protect; to keep in safety.

In the time of trouble, he shall hide me in his pavilion. Psalm 27:5.

To hide the face from, to overlook; to pardon.

Hide thy face from my sins. Psalm 51:9.

To hide the face, to withdraw spiritual presence, support and consolation.

Thou didst hide thy face, and I was troubled. Psalm 30:7.

To hide one’s self, to put one’s self in a condition to be safe; to secure protection.

The prudent man foreseeth the evil and hideth himself. Proverbs 22:3.

HIDE, v.i. To lie concealed; to keep one’s self out of view; to be withdrawn from sight.

Bred to disguise, in public ‘tis you hide.

Hide and seek, a play of boys, in which some hide themselves and another seeks them.

HIDE, n. In the ancient laws of England, a certain portion of land, the quantity of which however is not well ascertained. Some authors consider it as the quantity that could be tilled with one plow; others, as much as would maintain a family. Some suppose it to be 60, some 80, and others 100 acres.
HIDE, n. [L. cutis; Gr. either a peel, from stripping, separating, or a cover.]

1. The skin of an animal, either raw or dressed; more generally applied to the undressed skins of the larger domestic animals, as oxen, horses, etc.

2. The human skin; in contempt.

HIDEBOUND, a. A horse is hidebound, when his skin sticks so closely to his ribs and back, as not to be easily loosened or raised.

Trees are said to be hidebound, when the bark is so close or firm that it impedes the growth.

1. Harsh; untractable. [Not used.]

2. Niggardly; penurious. [Not used.]


1. Frightful to the sight; dreadful; shocking to the eye; applied to deformity; as a hideous monster; a hideous spectacle; hideous looks.

2. Shocking to the ear; exciting terror; as a hideous noise.

3. Detestable.

HIDEOUSLY, adv. In a manner to frighten; dreadfully; shockingly.

HIDEOUSNESS, n. Frightfulness to the eye; dreadfulness; horribleness.

HIDER, n. [from hide.] One who hides or conceals.

HIDING, ppr. Concealing; covering or withdrawing from view; keeping close or secret.

HIDING, n. Concealment. Habakkuk 3:4.

1. Withdrawment; a withholding; as the hidings of God’s face.

HIDING-PLACE, n. A place of concealment.

HIE, v.i.

1. To hasten; to move or run with haste; to go in haste; a word chiefly used in poetry.

The youth, returning to his mistress, hies.

2. With the reciprocal pronoun; as, hie thee home.

HIE, n. Haste; diligence.

HIERARCH, n. [Gr. sacred, and a ruler or prince.]

The chief of a sacred order; particularly, the chief of an order of angels.

HIERARCHAL, a. Belonging to a hierarch.

HIERARCHICAL, a. Belonging to a sacred order, or to ecclesiastical government.

HIERARCHY, n. An order or rank of angels or celestial beings; or a subordination of holy beings. Some of the Rabbins reckon four, and others ten hierarchies, or orders of angels.

1. Constitution and government of the christian church, or ecclesiastical polity, comprehending different orders of clergy; as the hierarchy of England.

HIEROGLYPH, HIEROGLYPHIC, n. [Gr. sacred, and to carve.]

1. In antiquity, a sacred character; a mystical character or symbol, used in writings and inscriptions, particularly by the Egyptians, as signs of sacred, divine, or supernatural things. The hieroglyphics were figures of animals, parts of the human body, mechanical instruments, etc., which contained a meaning known only to kings and priests. It is supposed they were used to vail morality, politics, etc., from vulgar eves.

2. Pictures intended to express historical facts; supposed to be the primitive mode of writing.

3. The art of writing in picture.

HIEROGLYPHIC, HIEROGLYPHICAL, a. Emblematic; expressive of some meaning by characters, pictures or figures, as hieroglyphic writing; a hieroglyphic obelisk.

HIEROGLYPHICALLY, adv. Emblematically; by characters or pictures expressive of facts or moral qualities. The Mexicans wrote history hieroglyphically.

HIEROGRAM, n. [Gr. sacred, and letter.]

A species of sacred writing.

HIEROGRAMMATIC, a. [Gr. sacred, and letter.] Denoting a kind of writing in sacred or sacerdotal characters, used only by the priests in Egypt.

HIEROGRAMMATIST, n. A writer of hieroglyphics.

HIEROGRAPHIIC, HIEROGRAPHICAL, a. Pertaining to sacred writing.

HIEROGRAPHY, n. [Gr. holy, and to write.]

Sacred writing. [Little used.]

HIEROLOGY, n. [Gr.] A discourse on sacred things.

HIEROMANCY, n. [Gr. sacred, and divination.] Divination by observing the various things offered in sacrifice.

HIEROMNEMON, n. [Gr. sacred, and preserving memory.]

In ancient Greece, a magistrate who presided over the sacred rites and solemnities, etc.

HIEROPHANT, n. [Gr. sacred, and to show.] A priest; one who teaches the mysteries and duties of religion.

HIGGLE, v.i. [L. cocio.]

1. To carry provisions about and offer them for sale.

2. To chaffer; to be difficult in making a bargain.

It argues an ignorant mind, where we have wronged to higgle and dodge in the amends.

HIGGLEDY-PIGGLEDY, adv. In confusion; a low word.

HIGGLER, n. One who carries about provisions for sale.

1. One who chaffers in bargaining.

HIGH, a. hi.

1. Extending a great distance above the surface of the earth; elevated; lofty; of great altitude; as a high mountain; a high tower.

2. Rising, or having risen, or being far above the earth; elevated; lofty; as a high flight; the clouds are high in the atmosphere.

3. Elevated above the horizon; as, how high is the sun? It is an hour high.

4. Raised above any object.

High o’er their heads a moldering rock is placed.

5. Exalted in nature or dignity.

The highest faculty of the soul.

6. Elevated in rank, condition or office. We speak of high and low; of a high office; high rank; high station; a high court.

7. Possessing or governed by honorable pride; noble; exalted; magnanimous; dignified; as a man of a high mind.

8. Exalted in excellence or extent.

Solomon lived at ease, nor aimed beyond

Higher design than to enjoy his state.

9. Difficult; abstruse.

They meet to hear, and answer such high things.

10. Boastful; ostentatious.

His forces, after all the high discourses, amounted really but to eighteen hundred foot.

11. Arrogant; proud; lofty; loud.

The governor made himself merry with his high and threatening language.

12. Loud; boisterous; threatening or angry. The parties had very high words.

13. Violent; severe; oppressive.

When there appeareth on either side a high hand, violent persecution. etc.

14. Public; powerful; triumphant; glorious; or under divine protection.

The children of Israel went out of Egypt with a high hand. Exodus 14:8.

15. Noble; illustrious; honorable; as a man of high birth.

16. Expressive of pride and haughtiness; as high looks. Isaiah 10:12.

17. Powerful; mighty.

Strong is thy hand, high is thy right hand. Psalm 89:13.

18. Possessed of supreme power, dominion or excellence.

Thou, Lord, art high above all the earth. Psalm 97:9.

19. Great; important; solemn; held in veneration.

For that sabbath-day was a high day. John 19:31.

20. Violent; rushing with velocity; tempestuous; as a high wind.

21. Tumultuous; turbulent; inflamed; violent; as high passions.

22. Full; complete. It is high time to retire.

It is high time to awake from sleep. Romans 13:11.

23. Raised; accompanied by, or proceeding from great excitement of the feelings; as high pleasure of body or mind.

24. Rich; luxurious; well seasoned; as high fare; high living; high sauces.

25. Strong; vivid; deep; as a high color.

26. Dear; of a great price, or greater price than usual; as, to purchase at a high rate; goods are high.

27. Remote from the equator north or south; as a high latitude.

28. Remote in past time; early in former time; as high antiquity.

29. Extreme; intense; as a high heat.

30. Loud; as a high sound. but more generally,

31. In music, acute; sharp; as a high note; a high voice; opposed to low or grave.

32. Much raised; as high relief [alto relievo.]

33. Far advanced in art or science; as high attainments.

34. Great; capital; committed against the king, sovereign or state; as high treason, distinguished from petty treason, which is committed against a master or other superior.

35. Great; exalted; as a high opinion of one’s integrity.

High church and low church, in Great Britain, a distinction introduced after the revolution. The high church were supposed to favor the papists, or at least to support the high claims to prerogative, which were maintained by the Stuarts. The low church entertained more moderate notions, manifested great enmity to popery, and were inclined to circumscribe the royal prerogatives. This distinction is now less marked, but not wholly obliterated.

High day, high noon, the time when the sun is in the meridian.

High Dutch, is the German language, as distinguished from Low Dutch or Belgic, or the cultivated German, as opposed to the vulgar dialects.

HIGH, n. An elevated place; superior region; as on high; from on high.

On high, aloud.

1. Aloft.

HIGH-AIMED, a. Having grand or lofty designs.

HIGH-ARCHED, a. Having elevated arches.

HIGH-ASPIRING, a. Having elevated views; aiming at elevated objects.

HIGH-BLEST, a. Supremely happy.

HIGH-BLOWN, a. Swelled much with wind; inflated, as with pride or conceit.

HIGH-BORN, a. Being of noble birth or extraction.

HIGH-BUILT, a. Of lofty structure.

1. Covered with lofty buildings.

The high-built elephant his castle rears.

HIGH-CLIMBING, a. Climbing to a great height.

1. Difficult to be ascended.

HIGH-COLORED, a. Having a strong, deep or glaring color.

1. Vivid; strong or forcible in representation; as a high-colored description.

HIGH-DAY, a. Fine; befitting a holiday.

HIGH-DESIGNING, a. Forming great schemes.

HIGH-EMBOWED, a. Having lofty arches.

HIGH-ENGENDERED, a. Engendered aloft, or in the air.

HIGH-FED, a. Pampered; fed luxuriously.

HIGH-FLAMING, a. Throwing flame to a great highth.

HIGH-FLIER, n. One that carries his opinions to extravagance.

HIGH-FLOWN, a. Elevated; swelled; proud; as high-flown hopes.

1. Turgid; swelled; extravagant; as a high-flown hyperbole.

HIGH-FLUSHED, a. Much elated.

HIGH-FLYING, a. Extravagant in claims or opinions; as high-flying, arbitrary kings.

Highgate Resin. [See Fossil Copal.]

HIGH-GAZING, a. Looking upwards.

HIGH-GOING, a. Moving rapidly.

HIGH-GROWN, a. Having the crop considerably grown.

HIGH-HEAPED, a. Covered with high piles; as a high-heaped table.

1. Raised in high piles.

HIGH-HEARTED, a. Full of courage.

HIGH-HEELED, a. Having high heels.

HIGH-HUNG, a. Hung aloft; elevated.

HIGH-LIVED, a. Pertaining to high life.

HIGH-METTLED, a. Having high spirit; ardent; full of fire; as a high-mettled steed.

HIGH-MINDED, a. Proud; arrogant.

Be not high-minded, but fear. Romans 11:20.

1. Having honorable pride; magnanimous; opposed to mean.

HIGH-OPERATION, n. In surgery, a method of extracting the stone from the human bladder, by cutting the upper part of it.

HIGH-PLACE, n. In Scripture, an eminence or mound on which sacrifices were offered. Before the temple was built in Jerusalem, sacrifices were offered to Jehovah by his worshipers, on high places; but afterwards such mounds were devoted to idolatrous sacrifices.

HIGH-PLACED, a. Elevated in situation or rank.

HIGH-PRIEST, n. A chief priest.

HIGH-PRINCIPLED, a. Extravagant in notions of politics.

HIGH-RAISED, a. Elevated; raised aloft.

1. Raised with great expectations or conceptions.

HIGH-REACHING, a. Reaching to a great highth.

1. Reaching upwards.

2. Ambitious; aspiring.

HIGH-REARED, a. Raised high; of lofty structure.

HIGH-RED, a. Having a strong red color; deeply red.

HIGH-REPENTED, a. Deeply repented.

HIGH-RESOLVED, a. Very resolute.

HIGH-ROOFED, a. Having a lofty or sharp roof.

HIGH-SEASONED, a. Enriched with spices or other seasoning.

HIGH-SEATED, a. Fixed on high; seated in an elevated place.

HIGH-SIGHTED, a. Always looking upward.

HIGH-SOUNDING, a. Pompous; noisy; ostentatious; as high-sounding words or titles.

HIGH-SPIRITED, a. Full of spirit or natural fire; easily irritated; irascible.

1. Full of spirit; bold; daring.

HIGH-STOMACHED, a. Having a lofty spirit; proud; obstinate.

HIGH-SWELLING, a. Swelling greatly; inflated; boastful.

HIGH-SWOLN, a. Greatly swelled.

HIGH-TAPER, n. A plant of the genus Verbascum.

HIGH-TASTED, a. Having a strong relish; piquant.

HIGH-TOWERED, a. Having lofty towers.

HIGH-VICED, a. Enormously wicked.

HIGH-WROUGHT, a. Wrought with exquisite art or skill; accurately finished.

1. Inflamed to a high degree; as high-wrought passion.

HIGHLAND, n. Elevated land; a mountainous region.

Highlands of Scotland, mountainous regions inhabited by the descendants of the ancient Celts, who retain their primitive language.

Highlands on the Hudson, sixty miles from New York. These afford most sublime and romantic scenery, and here is West Point, a fortified post during the revolution, and now the seat of one of the best military schools of the age.

HIGHLANDER, n. An inhabitant of the mountains; as the Highlanders of Scotland.

HIGHLANDISH, a. Denoting high or mountainous land.

HIGHLY, adv. hi’ly. With elevation in place.

1. In a great degree.

We are highly favored.

Exercise is highly requisite to health.

2. Proudly; arrogantly; ambitiously.

3. With elevation of mind or opinion; with great estimation; as, to think highly of one’s performances.

HIGHMOST, a. Highest. [Not used.]

HIGHNESS, n. hi’ness. Elevation above the surface; loftiness; altitude; highth.

1. Dignity; elevation in rank, character or power.

2. Excellence; value.

3. Violence; as the highness of wind.

4. Great amount; as the highness of price.

5. Acuteness; as the highness of a note or voice.

6. Intenseness, as of heat.

7. A title of honor given to princes or other men of rank.

HIGHTH, HIGHT, n. [See Height.] Elevation; altitude; loftiness. [It is very desirable that this noun should be regularly formed from the adjective.]

Hight, to call, to promise, to command, etc., is a false orthography, from Saxon, hatan. It is obsolete. [See Heat.]

HIGHWATER, n. The utmost flow or greatest elevation of the tide; also, the time of such elevation.

HIGHWATER-MARK, n. The line made on the shore by the tide at its utmost highth.

HIGHWAY, n. A public road; a way open to all passengers; so called, either because it is a great or public road, or because the earth was raised to form a dry path. Highways open a communication from one city or town to another.

1. Course; road; train of action.

HIGHWAYMAN, n. One who robs on the public road, or lurks in the highway for the purpose of robbing.

HILARATE, is not in use. [See Exhilarate.]

HILARITY, n. [L. hilaritas; Gr. joyful, merry.]

Mirth; merriment; gayety. Hilarity differs from joy; the latter, excited by good news or prosperity, is an affection of the mind; the former, by social pleasure, drinking, etc., which rouse the animal spirits.

HILARY-TERM, n. The term of courts, etc., which begins January 23.

HILD, G. and D. held, Dan. heldt, a hero, is retained in names, as Hildebert, a bright hero; Mathild, Matilda, a heroic lady.