Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary

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GUNSTICK — GYVE

GUNSTICK, n. A rammer, or ramrod; a stick or rod to ram down the charge of a musket, etc.

GUNSTOCK, n. The stock or wood in which the barrel of a gun is fixed.

GUNSTONE, n. A stone used for the shot of cannon. Before the invention of iron balls, stones were used for shot.

GUNTACKLE, n. The tackle used on board of ships to run the guns out of the ports, and to secure them at sea. The tackles are pulleys affixed to the sides of a gun-carriage.

GUNWALE, GUNNEL, n. The upper edge of a ship’s side; the uppermost wale of a ship, or that piece of timber which reaches on either side from the quarter-deck to the fore-castle, being the uppermost bend which finishes the upper works of the hull.

GURGE, n. [L. gurges.] A whirlpool. [Little used.]

GURGE, v.t. To swallow. [Not in use.]

GURGION, n. The coarser part of meal separated from the bran. [Not used.]

GURGLE, v.i. [L. gurges. See Gargle, which seems to be of the same family, or the same word differently applied.]

To run as liquor with a purling noise; to run or flow in a broken, irregular, noisy current, as water from a bottle, or a small stream on a stony bottom.

Pure gurgling rills the lonely desert trace.

GURGLING, ppr. Running or flowing with a purling sound.

GURHOFITE, n. A subvariety of magnesian carbonate of lime, found near Gurhof, in Lower Austria. It is snow white, and has a dull, slightly conchoidal, or even fracture.

GURNARD, n. A fish of several species of the genus Trigla. The head is loricated with rough lines, or bony plates, and there are seven rays in the membranes of the gills.

GURRAH, n. A kind of plain, coarse India muslin.

GUSH, v.i.

1. To issue with violence and rapidity, as a fluid; to rush forth as a fluid from confinement; as, blood gushes from a vein in venesection.

Behold, he smote the rock, that the waters gushed out. Psalm 78:20.

2. To flow copiously. Tears gushed from her eyes.

GUSH, v.t. To emit in copious effusion.

The gaping wound gushed out a crimson flood. [Unusual.]

GUSH, n. A sudden and violent issue of a fluid from an inclosed place; an emission of liquor in a large quantity and with force; the fluid thus emitted.

GUSHING, ppr. Rushing forth with violence, as a fluid; flowing copiously; as gushing waters.

1. Emitting copiously; as gushing eyes.

GUSSET, n. A small piece of cloth inserted in a garment, for the purpose of strengthening or enlarging some part.

GUST, n. [L. gustus, gusto; Gr. a contracted word, for it has taste.]

1. Taste; tasting, or the sense of tasting. More generally, the pleasure of tasting; relish.

2. Sensual enjoyment.

Where love is duty on the female side,

On theirs, mere sensual gust, and sought with surly pride.

3. Pleasure; amusement; gratification.

Destroy all creatures for thy sport or gust.

4. Turn of fancy; intellectual taste.

A choice of it may be made according to the gust and manner of the ancients. [Taste is now generally used.]

GUST, v.t. To taste; to have a relish. [Little used.]
GUST, n.

1. A sudden squall; a violent blast of wind; a sudden rushing or driving of the wind, of short duration.

2. A sudden, violent burst of passion.

GUSTABLE, a. That may be tasted; tastable.

1. Pleasant to the taste. [Little used.]

GUSTATION, n. The act of tasting. [Little used.]

GUSTFUL, a. Tasteful; well-tasted; that relishes.

GUSTFULNESS, n. Relish; pleasantness to the taste.

GUSTLESS, a. Tasteless.

GUSTO, n. Relish; that which excites pleasant sensations in the palate or tongue.

1. Intellectual taste. [Little used.]

GUSTY, a. Subject to sudden blasts of wind; stormy; tempestuous.

Once upon a raw and gusty day,

The troubled Tyber chafing with his shores--

GUT, n. The intestinal canal of an animal; a pipe or tube extending, with many circumvolutions, from the pylorus to the vent. This pipe is composed of three coats, and is attached to the body by a membrane called the mesentery. This canal is of different sizes in different parts, and takes different names. The thin and small parts are called the duodenum, the ilium, and the jejunum; the large and thick parts are called the eaecum, the colon, the rectum. By this pipe, the undigested and unabsorbed parts of food are conveyed from the stomach and discharged. This word in the plural is applied to the whole mass formed by its natural convolutions in the abdomen.

2. The stomach; the receptacle of food.

3. Gluttony; love of gormandizing.

GUT, v.t. To take out the bowels; to eviscerate.

1. To plunder of contents.

GUTTA SERENA, n. In medicine, amaurosis; blindness occasioned by a diseased retina.

GUTTED, pp. Deprived of the bowels; eviscerated; deprived of contents.

GUTTER, n. [L. gutta, a drop.]

1. A channel for water; a hollow piece of timber, or a pipe, for catching and conveying off the water which drops from the eaves of a building.

2. A channel or passage for water; a hollow in the earth for conveying water; and, in popular usage, a channel worn in the earth by a current of water.

GUTTER, v.t. To cut or form into small hollows.
GUTTER, v.i. To be hollowed or channeled.

1. To run or sweat as a candle.

GUTTLE, v.t. To swallow. [Not used.]

GUTTLE, v.i. To swallow greedily. [Not used.]

GUTTULOUS, a. [from L. guttula, a little drop.]

In the form of a small drop, or of small drops. [Little used.]

GUTTURAL, a. [L. guttur, the throat.] Pertaining to the throat; formed in the throat; as a guttural letter or sound; a guttural voice.

GUTTURAL, n. A letter pronounced in the throat; as the Gr. x.

GUTTURALLY, adv. In a guttural manner; in the throat.

GUTTURALNESS, n. The quality of being guttural.

GUTTURINE, a. Pertaining to the throat. [Not in use.]

GUTTY, a. [from L. gutta, a drop.] In heraldry, charged or sprinkled with drops.

GUTWORT, n. A plant.

GUY, n. gi. In marine affairs, a rope used to keep a heavy body steady while hoisting or lowering; also, a tackle to confine a boom forwards, when a vessel is going large, and to prevent the sail from gybing. Guy is also a large slack rope, extending from the head of the main-mast to that of the fore-mast, to sustain a tackle for loading or unloading.

GUZZLE, v.i. To swallow liquor greedily; to drink much; to drink frequently.

Well seasoned bowls the gossip’s spirits raise,

Who, while she guzzles, chats the Doctor’s praise.

GUZZLE, v.t. To swallow much or often; to swallow with immoderate gust.

--Still guzzling must of wine.

GUZZLE, n. An insatiable thing or person.

GUZZLER, n. One who guzzles; an immoderate drinker.

GYBE, n. A sneer. [See Gibe.]

GYBE, v.t. In seamen’s language, to shift a boom-sail from one side of a vessel to the other.

GYBING, ppr. Shifting a boom-sail from one side of a vessel to the other.

GYE, v.t. To guide.

GYMNASIUM, n. [Gr. from naked.]

In Greece, a place where athletic exercises were performed. Hence, a place of exercise; a school.

GYMNASTIC, a. [L. gymnasticus; Gr. to exercise, from naked; the ancients being naked in their exercises.]

Pertaining to athletic exercises of the body, intended for health, defense or diversion, as running, leaping, wrestling, throwing the discus, the javelin or the hoop, playing with balls, etc. The modern gymnastic exercises are intended chiefly for the preservation and promotion of health.

GYMNASTIC, n. Athletic exercise.

GYMNASTICALLY, adv. In a gymnastic manner; athletically.

GYMNASTICS, n. The gymnastic art; the art of performing athletic exercises.

GYMNIC, a. [L. gymnicus.]

1. Pertaining to athletic exercises of the body.

2. Performing athletic exercises.

GYMNIC, n. Athletic exercise.

GYMNOSOPHIST, n. [Gr. naked, and a philosopher.]

A philosopher of India, so called from his going with bare feet, or with little clothing. The Gymnosophists in India lived in the woods and on mountains, subsisting on wild productions of the earth. They never drank wine nor married. Some of them traveled about, and practiced physic. They believed the immortality and transmigration of the soul. They placed the chief happiness of man in a contempt of the goods of fortune, and of the pleasures of sense.

GYMNOSOPHY, n. The doctrines of the Gymnosophists.

GYMNOSPERM, n. [Gr. naked, and seed.] In botany, a plant that bears naked seeds.

GYMNOSPERMOUS, a. Having naked seeds, or seeds not inclosed in a capsule or other vessel.

GYN, v.t. To begin.

GYNANDER, n. [Gr. a female, and a male.] In botany, a plant whose stamens are inserted in the pistil.

GYNANDRIAN, a. Having stamens inserted in the pistil.

GYNARCHY, n. [Gr. a woman, and rule.] Government by a female.

GYPSEOUS, a. [See Gypsum.] Of the nature of gypsum; partaking of the qualities of gypsum.

GYPSUM, n. Plaster stone; sulphate of lime; a mineral not infrequently found in crystals, often in amorphous masses. There are several subspecies and varieties; as the foliated, compact, earthy, granular, snowy and branchy. Gypsum is of great use in agriculture and the arts. As a manure, it is invaluable.

GYPSEY, GYPSY, n. [See Gipsey.]

GYRAL, a. [See Gyre.] Whirling; moving in a circular form.

GYRATION, n. [L. gyratio. See Gyre.] A turning or whirling round; a circular motion.

GYRE, n. [L. gyrus.] A circular motion, or a circle described by a moving body; a turn.

Quick and more quick he spins in giddy gyres.

GYRED, a. Falling in rings.

GYRFALCON, n. [L. hierofalco, from Gr. sacred, and falco, and so named from the veneration of the Egyptians for hawks.]

A species of Falco, or hawk.

GYROMANCY, n. [Gr. a circuit, and divination.] A kind of divination performed by walking round in a circle or ring.

GYVE, n. Gyves are fetters or shackles for the legs.

Gyves and the mill had tamed thee.

GYVE, v.t. To fetter; to shackle; to chain.