Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary



GLASSHOUSE, n. A house where glass is made.

GLASSINESS, n. The quality of being glassy or smooth; a vitreous appearance.

GLASSLIKE, a. Resembling glass.

GLASSMAN, n. One who sells glass.

GLASSMETAL, n. Glass in fusion.

GLASSPOT, n. A vessel used for melting glass in manufactories.

GLASSWORK, n. Manufacture of glass.

GLASSWORKS, n. plu. The place or buildings where glass is made.

GLASSWORT, n. A plant, the Salsola, of several species, all which may be used in the manufacture of glass. The Barilla of commerce, is the semifused ashes of the Salsola soda, which is largely cultivated on the Mediterranean in Spain.

GLASSY, a. Made of glass; vitreous; as a glassy substance.

1. Resembling glass in its properties, as in smoothness, brittleness, or transparency; as a glassy stream; a glassy surface; the glassy deep.

GLAUBERITE, n. A mineral of a grayish white or yellowish color, consisting of dry sulphate of lime and dry sulphate of soda.

GLAUBER-SALT, n. Sulphate of soda, a well known cathartic.

GLAUCOMA, n. [Gr.] A fault in the eye, in which the crystalline humor becomes gray, but without injury to the sight.

A disease in the eye, in which the crystalline humor becomes of a bluish or greenish color, and its transparency is diminished.

An opacity of the vitreous humor.

According to Sharp, the glaucoma of the Greeks is the same as the cataract; and according to St. Yves and others, it is a cataract with amaurosis.

GLAUCOUS, a. [L. glaucus.] Of a sea green color; of a light green.

GLAVE, n. A broadsword; a falchion. [Not used.]

GLAVER, v.i. [L. glaber, lavis, or lubricus; Eng. glib.]

To flatter; to wheedle. [Little used and vulgar.]

GLAVERER, n. A flatterer. [supra.]

GLAZE, v.t. [from glass.] To furnish with windows of glass; as, to glaze a house.

1. To incrust with a vitreous substance, the basis of which is lead, but combined with silex, pearl-ashes and common salt; as, to glaze earthen ware.

2. To cover with any thing smooth and shining; or to render the exterior of a thing smooth, bright and showy.

Though with other ornaments he may glaze and brandish the weapons.

3. To give a glass surface; to make glossy; as, to glaze cloth.

GLAZED, pp. Furnished with glass windows; incrusted with a substance resembling glass; rendered smooth and shining.

GLAZIER, n. gla’zhur. [from glaze or glass.]

One whose business is to set window glass, or to fix panes of glass to the sashes of windows, to pictures, etc.

GLAZING, ppr. Furnishing with window glass.

1. Crusting with a vitreous substance, as potter’s ware.

2. Giving a smooth, glossy, shining surface, as to cloth.

GLAZING, n. The vitreous substance with which potter’s ware is incrusted.

GLEAM, n. [L. flamma.] The radical sense is to throw, to shoot or dart, and it may be of the same family as clamo, clamor, a shoot of the voice.

1. A shoot of light; a beam; a ray; a small stream of light. A gleam of dawning light, metaphorically, a gleam of hope.

2. Brightness; splendor.

In the clear azure gleam the flocks are seen.

GLEAM, v.i. To shoot or dart, as rays of light. At the dawn light gleams in the east.

1. To shine; to cast light.

2. To flash; to spread a flood of light. [Less common.]

3. Among falconers, to disgorge filth, as a hawk.

GLEAMING, ppr. Shooting as rays of light; shining.

GLEAMING, n. A shoot or shooting of light.

GLEAMY, a. Darting beams of light; casting light in rays.

In brazen arms, that cast a gleamy ray,

Swift through the town the warrior bends his way.

GLEAN, v.t.

1. To gather the stalks and ears of grain which reapers leave behind them.

Let me now go to the field, and glean ears of corn Ruth 2:2.

2. To collect things thinly scattered; to gather what is left in small parcels or numbers, or what is found in detached parcels; as, to glean a few passages from an author.

They gleaned of them in the highways five thousand men. Judges 20:45.

GLEAN, v.i. To gather stalks or ears of grain left by reapers.

And she went, and came and gleaned in the field after the reapers. Ruth 2:3.

GLEAN, n. A collection made by gleaning, or by gathering here and there a little.

The gleans of yellow thyme distend his thighs.

GLEANED, pp. Gathered after reapers; collected from small detached parcels; as grain gleaned from the field.

1. Cleared of what is left; as, the field is gleaned.

2. Having suffered a gleaning. The public prints have been gleaned.

GLEANER, n. One who gathers after reapers.

1. One who collects detached parts or numbers, or who gathers slowly with labor.

GLEANING, ppr. Gathering what reapers leave; collecting in small detached parcels.

GLEANING, n. The act of gathering after reapers.

1. That which is collected by gleaning.

GLEBE, n. [L. gleba, a clod or clump of earth.]

1. Turf; soil; ground.

Till the glad summons of a genial ray

Unbinds the glebe---

2. The land belonging to a parish church or ecclesiastical benefice.

3. A crystal.

4. Among miners, a piece of earth in which is contained some mineral ore.

GLEBOUS, a. Gleby; turfy.

GLEBY, a. Turfy; cloddy.

GLEDE, n. A fowl of the rapacious kind, the kite, a species of Falco. The word is used in Deuteronomy 14:13. but the same Hebrew word, Leviticus 11:14. is rendered a vulture.

GLEE, n.

1. Joy; merriment; mirth; gayety; particularly, the mirth enjoyed at a feast.

2. A sort of catch or song sung in parts.

GLEED, n. A glowing coal.

GLEEFUL, a. Merry; gay; joyous.

GLEEK, n. [See Glee.] Music, or a musician.

1. A scoff; a game at cards.

GLEEK, v.i. To make sport of; to gibe; to sneer; to spend time idly.

GLEEMAN, n. A musician.

GLEEN, v.i. To shine; to glisten. [Not used.]

GLEESOME, a. Merry; joyous.

GLEET, n. The flux of a thin humor from the urethra; a thin ichor running from a sore.

GLEET, v.i. To flow in a thin limpid humor; to ooze.

1. To flow slowly, as water.

GLEETY, a. Ichorous; thin; limpid.

GLEN, n. A valley; a dale; a depression or space between hills.

GLENE, n. [Gr.] In anatomy, the cavity or socket of the eye, and the pupil; any slight depression or cavity receiving a bone in articulation.

GLEW. [See Glue.]

GLIADINE, n. [Gr. glue.] One of the constituents of gluten, a slightly transparent, brittle substance, of a straw-yellow color, having a slight smell, similar to that of honeycomb.

GLIB, a. [L. glaber, smooth; labor, to slide. This word contains the elements of slip. Qu. L. glubo.]

1. Smooth; slippery; admitting a body to slide easily on the surface; as, ice is glib.

2. Smooth; voluble; easily moving; as a glib tongue.

GLIB, n. A thick curled bush of hair hanging down over the eyes. [Not in use.]
GLIB, v.t. To castrate.

1. To make smooth.

GLIBLY, adv. Smoothly; volubly; as, to slide glibly; to speak glibly.

GLIBNESS, n. Smoothness; slipperiness; as a polished ice-like glibness.

1. Volubility of the tongue.

GLIDE, v.i.

1. To flow gently; to move without noise or violence; as a river.

By east, among the dusty vallies glide

The silver streams of Jordan’s crystal flood.

2. To move silently and smoothly; to pass along without apparent effort; as a hawk or an eagle gliding through the air.

3. To move or pass rapidly and with apparent ease; as, a ship glides through the water.

4. In a general sense, to move or slip along with ease as on a smooth surface, or to pass along rapidly without apparent effort, and without obstruction.

GLIDE, n. The act or manner of moving smoothly, swiftly and without labor or obstruction.

GLIDER, n. He or that which glides.

GLIDING, ppr. Passing along gently and smoothly; moving rapidly, or with ease.


1. To shoot feeble or scattered rays of light; as the glimmering dawn; a glimmering lamp.

When rosy morning glimmer’d o’er the dales.

The west yet glimmers with some streaks of day.

2. To shine faintly; to give a feeble light.

Mild evening glimmered on the lawn.

GLIMMER, n. A faint light; feeble scattered rays of light.

1. In mineralogy, mica, glist, muscovy-glass; a mineral resulting from crystallization, but rarely found in regular crystals. usually it appears in thin, flexible, elastic lamins, which exhibit a high polish and strong luster. It is an essential ingredient in granite, gneiss, and mica slate.

GLIMMERING, ppr. Shining faintly; shooting feeble scattered rays of light.

GLIMMERING, n. A faint beaming of light.

1. A faint view.

GLIMPSE, n. glims.

1. A weak faint light.

Such vast room in Nature,

Only to shine, yet scarce to contribute

Each orb a glimpse of light.

2. A flash of light; as the lightning’s glimpse.

3. Transient luster.

One glimpse of glory to my issue give.

4. A short transitory view. He saw at a glimpse the design of the enemy.

5. Short fleeting enjoyment; as a glimpse of delight.

6. Exhibition of a faint resemblance.

GLIMPSE, v.i. To appear by glimpses.

GLISSA, n. A fish of the tunny kind, without scales.

GLIST, n. [from glisten.] Glimmer; mica. [See Glimmer.]

GLISTEN, v.i. glis’n. [Heb. to shine; L. glisco; Eng. gloss.]

To shine; to sparkle with light; as the glistening stars.

The ladies’ eyes glistened with pleasure.

GLISTENING, ppr. Shining; sparkling; emitting rays of light.

GLISTER, v.i. [See Glisten.] To shine; to be bright; to sparkle; to be brilliant.

All that glistens is not gold.

GLISTER. [See Clyster.]

GLISTERING, ppr. Shining; sparkling with light.

GLISTERINGLY, adv. With shining luster.


1. To shine; to sparkle with light; to gleam; to be splendid; as a glittering sword.

The field yet glitters with the pomp of war.

2. To be showing, specious or striking, and hence attractive; as the glittering scenes of a court.

GLITTER, n. Brightness; brilliancy; splendor; luster; as the glitter of arms; the glitter of royal equipage; the glitter of dress.

GLITTERAND, ppr. or a. Sparkling. [Not in use.]

GLITTERING, ppr. Shining; splendid; brilliant.

GLITTERINGLY, adv. With sparkling luster.

GLOAM, v.i. To be sullen. [See Glum.]

GLOAR, v.i. To squint; to stare.

GLOAT, v.i. To cast side glances; to stare with eagerness or admiration.

GLOBATE, GLOBATED, a. [L. globatus.] Having the form of a globe; spherical; spheroidal.

GLOBE, n. [L. globus; Eng. clew. See Clew.]

1. A round or spherical solid body; a ball; a sphere; a body whose surface is in every part equidistant from the center.

2. The earth; the terraqueous ball; so called, though not perfectly spherical.

3. An artificial sphere of metal, paper or other matter, on whose convex surface is drawn a map or representation of the earth or of the heavens. That on which the several oceans, seas, continents, isles and countries of the earth are represented, is called a terrestrial globe. That which exhibits a delineation of the constellations in the heavens, is called a celestial globe.

4. A body of soldiers formed into a circle.

GLOBE, v.t. To gather round or into a circle.

GLOBE-AMARANTH, n. A plant of the genus Gomphrena. [See Amaranth.]

GLOBE-ANIMAL, n. A species of animalcule of a globular form.

GLOBE-DAISY, n. A plant or flower of the genus Globularia.

GLOBE-FISH, n. A fish of a globular shape, the Ostracion.

GLOBE-FLOWER, n. A plant or flower of the genus Sphaeranthus.

GLOBE-RANUNCULUS, n. A plant, the Trollius europaeus.

GLOBE-THISTLE, n. A plant of the genus Echinops.

GLOBOSE, a. [L. globosus, from globe.]

Round; spherical; globular.

GLOBOSITY, n. The quality of being round; sphericity.

GLOBOUS, a. [L. globosus.] Round; spherical.

GLOBULAR, a. [from globe.] Round; spherical; having the form of a small ball or sphere; as globular atoms.

GLOBULARIA, n. A flosculous flower.

GLOBULE, n. [L. globulus, dim. of globus.]

A little globe; a small particle of matter of a spherical form; a word particularly applied to the red particles of blood, which swim in a transparent serum, and may be discovered by the microscope.

Hail stones have opake globules of snow in their center.

GLOBULOUS, a. Round; globular; having the form of a small sphere.

GLOBY, a. Round; orbicular.

GLODE, old pret. of glide.

GLOME, n. [L. glomus; Heb. to wind, convolve, or collect into a mass.] In botany, a roundish head of flowers.

GLOMERATE, v.t. [L. glomero, from glomus, supra.]

To gather or wind into a ball; to collect into a spherical form or mass, as threads.

GLOMERATED, pp. Gathered into a ball or round mass.

GLOMERATING, ppr. Collecting or winding into a ball or round mass.

GLOMERATION, n. [L. glomertio.] The act of gathering, winding or forming into a ball or spherical body.

1. A body formed into a ball.

GLOMEROUS, a. [L. glomerosus.] Gathered or formed into a ball or round mass.


1. Obscurity; partial or total darkness; thick shade; as the gloom of a forest, or the gloom of midnight.

2. Cloudiness or heaviness of mind; melancholy; aspect of sorrow. We say, the mind is sunk into gloom; a gloom overspreads the mind.

3. Darkness of prospect or aspect.

4. Sullenness.

GLOOM, v.i. To shine obscurely or imperfectly.

1. To be cloudy, dark or obscure.

2. To be melancholy or dejected.

GLOOM, v.t. To obscure; to fill with gloom; to darken; to make dismal.

GLOOMILY, adv. [from gloomy.] Obscurely; dimly; darkly; dismally.

1. With melancholy aspect; sullenly; not cheerfully.

GLOOMINESS, n. Want of light; obscurity; darkness; dismalness.

1. Want of cheerfulness; cloudiness of look; heaviness of mind; melancholy; as, to involve the mind in gloominess.

GLOOMY, a. [from gloom.] Obscure; imperfectly illuminated; or dark; dismal; as the gloomy cells of a convent; the gloomy shades of night.

1. Wearing the aspect of sorrow; melancholy; clouded; dejected; depressed; heavy of heart; as a gloomy countenance or state of mind; a gloomy temper.

2. Of a dark complexion. [Little used.]

GLORIATION, n. [L. gloriatio.] Boast; a triumphing. [Not used.]

GLORIED, a. [See Glory.] Illustrious; honorable. [Not used.]

GLORIFICATION, n. [See Glorify.] The act of giving glory or of ascribing honors to.

1. Exaltation to honor and dignity; elevation to glory; as the glorification of Christ after his resurrection.

GLORIFIED, pp. Honored; dignified; exalted to glory.

GLORIFY, v.t. [L. gloria and facio, to make.]

1. To praise; to magnify and honor in worship; to ascribe honor to, in thought or words. Psalm 86:9

God is glorified, when such his excellency, above all things, is with due admiration acknowledged.

2. To make glorious; to exalt to glory, or to celestial happiness.

Whom he justified, them he also glorified. Romans 8:30.

The God of our fathers hath glorified his son Jesus. Acts 3:13.

3. To praise; to honor; to extol.

Whomsoever they find to be most licentious of life--him they set up and glorify.

4. To procure honor or praise to.