Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary



FANATICIZE, v.t. To make fanatic.

FANCIED, pp. [See Fancy.] Imagined; conceived; liked.

FANCIFUL, a. [See Fancy.]

1. Guided by the imagination, rather than by reason and experience; subject to the influence of fancy; whimsical; applied to persons. A fanciful man forms visionary projects.

2. Dictated by the imagination; full of wild images; chimerical; whimsical; ideal; visionary; applied to things; as a fanciful scheme; a fanciful theory.


1. In a fanciful manner; wildly; whimsically.

2. According to fancy.


1. The quality of being fanciful, or influenced by the imagination, rather than by reason and experience; the habit of following fancy; applied to persons.

2. The quality of being dictated by imagination; applied to things.

FANCY, n. [contracted from fantasy, L. phantasia. Gr. from to cause to appear, to seem, to imagine, from to show, to appear, to shine. The primary sense seems to be to open, or to shoot forth.]

1. The faculty by which the mind forms images or representations of things at pleasure. It is often used as synonymous with imagination; but imagination is rather the power of combining and modifying our conceptions.

2. An opinion or notion.

I have always had a fancy, that learning might be made a play and recreation to children.

3. Taste; conception.

The little chapel called the salutation in very neat, and built with a pretty fancy.

4. Image; conception; thought.

How now, my lord, why do you keep alone;

Of sorriest fancies your companions making?

5. Inclination; liking. Take that which suits your fancy. How does this strike your fancy?

His fancy lay to traveling.

6. Love.

Tell me where is fancy bred.

7. Caprice; humor; whim; as an odd or strange fancy.

True worth shall gain me, that it may be said,

Desert, not fancy, once a woman led.

8. False notion.

9. Something that pleases or entertains without real use or value.

London-pride is a pretty fancy for borders.

FANCY, v.i. To imagine; to figure to one’s self; to believe or suppose without proof. All may not be our enemies whom we fancy to be so.

If our search has reached no farther than simile and metaphor, we rather fancy than know.

FANCY, v.t.

1. To form a conception of; to portray in the mind; to imagine.

He whom I fancy, but can ne’er express.

2. To like; to be pleased with, particularly on account of external appearance or manners. We fancy a person for beauty and accomplishment. We sometimes fancy a lady at first sight, whom, on acquaintance, we cannot esteem.

FANCYFRAMED, a. Created by the fancy.

FANCYFREE, a. Free from the power of love.

FANCYING, ppr. Imagining; conceiving; liking.

FANCYMONGER, n. One who deals in tricks of imagination.

FANCYSICK, a. One whose imagination is unsound, or whose distemper is in his own mind.

FAND, old pret. of find. Obs.

FANDANGO, n. A lively dance.

FANE, n. [L. fanum.] a temple; a place consecrated to religion; a church; used in poetry.

From men their cities, and from gods their fanes.

FANFARE, n. A coming into the lists with sound of trumpets; a flourish of trumpets.

FANFARON, n. A bully; a hector; a swaggerer; an empty boaster; a vain pretender.

FANFARONADE, n. A swaggering; vain boasting; ostentation; a bluster.

FANG, v.t. [See Finger.]

To catch; to seize; to lay hold; to gripe; to clutch. Obs.

FANG, n.

1. The tusk of a boar or other animal by which the prey is seized and held; a pointed tooth.

2. A claw or talon.

3. Any shoot or other thing by which hold is taken.

The protuberant fangs of the Yuca.

FANGED, a. Furnished with fangs, tusks, or something long and pointed; as a fanged adder.

Chariots fanged with sythes.

FANGLE, n. fang’gl.

A new attempt; a trifling scheme. [Not used.]

FANGLED, a. Properly, begun, new made; hence, gaudy; showy; vainly decorated. [Seldom used, except with new. See New-fangled.]

FANGLESS, a. Having no fangs or tusks; toothless; as a fangless lion.

FANGOT, n. A quantity of wares, as raw silk, etc., from one to two hundred weight and three quarters.

FANION, n. fan’yon. [L. pannus.]

In armies, a small flag carried with the baggage.

FANNED, pp. Blown with a fan; winnowed; ventilated.

FANNEL, FANON, n. A sort of ornament like a scarf, worn about the left arm of a mass-priest, when he officiates.

FANNER, n. One who fans.

FANNING, ppr. Blowing; ventilating.

FANTASIED, a. [from fantasy, fancy.] Filled with fancies or imaginations; whimsical. [Not used.]

FANTASM, n. [Gr. from to appear. Usually written phantasm.]

That which appears to the imagination; a phantom; something not real.

FANTASTIC, FANTASTICAL, a. [Gr. vision, fancy, from to appear.]

1. Fanciful; produced or existing only in imagination; imaginary; not real; chimerical.

2. Having the nature of phantom; apparent only.

3. Unsteady; irregular.

4. Whimsical; capricious; fanciful; indulging the vagaries of imagination; as fantastic minds; a fantastic mistress.

5. Whimsical; odd.


1. By the power of imagination.

2. In a fantastic manner; capriciously; unsteadily.

Her scepter so fantastically home.

3. Whimsically; in compliance with fancy.

FANTASTICALNESS, n. Compliance with fancy; humorousness; whimsicalness; unreasonableness; caprice.

FANTASY, n. Now written fancy, which see.

Is not this something more than fantasy?

FANTOM, n. [L. phantasma, from the Greek. See Fancy.]

Something that appears to the imagination; also, a specter; a ghost; an apparition. It is generally written phantom, which see.

FAP, a. Fuddled. [Not in use.]

FAQUIR, [See Fakir.]

FAR, a. [L. porro; Gr. connected with, a way, a passing, to pass or go. See Fare.]

1. Distant, in any direction; separated by a wide space from the place where one is, or from any given place remote.

They said, we are come from a far country. Joshua 9:6.

The kingdom of heaven is as a man travelling into a far country. Matthew 25:14.

The nation far and near contend in choice.

2. Figuratively, remote from purpose; contrary to design or wishes; as, far be it from me to justify cruelty.

3. Remote in affection or obedience; at enmity with; alienated; in a spiritual sense.

They that are far from thee shall perish. Psalm 73:27.

4. More or most distant of the two; as the far side of a horse. But the drivers of teams in New England generally use off; as the off side, or off horse or ox.

FAR, adv.

1. To a great extent or distance of space; as the far extended ocean; we are separated far from each other.

Only ye shall not go very far away. Exodus 8:28.

2. figuratively, distantly in time from any point; remotely. He pushed his researches very far into antiquity.

3. In interrogatories, to what distance or extent. How far will such reasoning lead us?

4. In great part; as, the day is far spent.

5. In a great proportion; by many degrees; very much.

Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies. Proverbs 31:10.

For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ, which is far better. Philippians 1:23.

6. to a certain point, degree or distance. This argument is sound and logical, as far as it goes.

Answer them how far forth you do like their articles.

From far, from a great distance; from a remote place.

Far from, at a great distance; as far from home; far from hope.

1. Far off, at a great distance.

They tarried in a place that was far off. 2 Samuel 15:17.

2. To a great distance.

Lo then would I wander far off, and remain in the wilderness. Psalm 55:7.

3. In a spiritual sense, alienated; at enmity; in a state of ignorance and alienation.

Ye, who were sometime far off, are made nigh by the blood of Christ. Ephesians 2:13.

Far other, very different.

FAR-ABOUT, n. A going out of the way. [Not in use.]

FAR-FAMED, a. Widely celebrated.

FAR-FETCH, n. A deep laid stratagem. [Little used.]


1. Brought from a remote place.

Whose pains have earned the far-fetched spoil.

2. Studiously sought; not easily or naturally deduced or introduced; forced; strained.

York with all his far-fetched policy.

So we say, far-fetched arguments; far-fetched rhymes; far-fetched analogy. [Far-fet, the same, is not used.]

FAR-PIERCING, a. Striking or penetrating a great way; as a far-piercing eye.

FAR-SHOOTING, a. Shooting to a great distance.

Great love, he said, and the far-shooting god.

FAR, n. [See Farrow.]

The young of swine; or a littler of pigs. [Local.]

FARCE, v.t. [L. farcio.]

1. To stuff; to fill with mingled ingredients. [Little used.]

The first principles of religion should not be forced with school points and private tenets.

2. To extend; to swell out; as the farced title. [Little used.]

FARCE, n. f’ars. [Literally, seasoning, stuffing or mixture, like the stuffing of a roasted fowl; force-meat.]

A dramatic composition, originally exhibited by charlatans or buffoons, in the open street, for the amusement of the crowd, but now introduced upon the stage. It is written without regularity, and filled with ludicrous conceits. The dialogue is usually low, the persons of inferior rank, and the fable or action trivial or ridiculous.

Farce is that in poetry which grotesque is in a picture: the persons and actions of a farce are all unnatural, and the manners false.


1. Belonging to a farce; appropriated to farce.

They deny the characters to be farcical, because they are actually in nature.

2. Droll; ludicrous; ridiculous.

3. Illusory; deceptive.

FARCICALLY, adv. In a manner suited to farce; hence, ludicrously.

FARCILITE, n. [from farce.] Pudding-stone. The calcarious farcilite, called amenla, is formed of rounded calcarious pebbles, agglutinated by a calcarious cement.

FARCIN, FARCY, n. A disease of horses, sometimes of oxen, of the nature of a scabies or mange.

FARCING, n. Stuffing composed of mixed ingredients.

FARCTATE, a. [L. farctus, stuffed, from farcio.]

In botany, stuffed; crammed, or full; without vacuities; in opposition to tubular or hollow; as a farctate leaf, stem or pericarp.

FARD, v.t. To paint. [Not used.]

FARDEL, n. [Probably from the root of L. fero, to bear, or of farcio, to stuff.] A bundle or little pace.

FARDEL, v.t. To make up in bundles.

FARE, v.i. [This word may be connected in origin with the Heb. to go, to pass.]

1. To go; to pass; to move forward; to travel.

So on he fares, and to the border comes of Eden.

[In this literal sense the word is not in common use.]

2. To be in any state, good or bad; to be attended with any circumstances or train of events, fortunate or unfortunate.

So fares the stag among th’ enraged hounds.

So fared the knight between two foes.

He fared very well; he fared very ill.

Go further and fare worse. The sense is taken from going, having a certain course; hence, being subjected to a certain train of incidents. The rich man fared sumptuously every day. He enjoyed all the pleasure which wealth and luxury could afford. Luke 16:19.

3. To feed; to be entertained. We fared well; we had a good table, and courteous treatment.

4. To proceed in a train of consequences, good or bad.

So fares it when with truth falsehood contends.

5. To happen well or ill; with it impersonally. We shall see how it will fare with him.

FARE, n.

1. The price of passage or going; the sum paid or due, for conveying a person by land or water; as the fare for crossing a river, called also ferriage; the fare for conveyance in a coach; stage-fare. The price of conveyance over the ocean is now usually called the passage, or passage money. Fare is never used for the price of conveying goods; this is called freight or transportation.

2. Food; provisions of the table. We lived on coarse fare, or we had delicious fare.

3. The person conveyed in a vehicle. [Not in use in United States.]

FAREWELL, a compound of fare, in the imperative, and well. Go well; originally applied to a person departing, but by custom now applied both to those who depart and those who remain. It expresses a kind wish, a wish of happiness to those who leave or those who are left.

The verb and adverb are often separated by the pronoun; fare you well; I wish you a happy departure; may you be well in your absence.

It is sometimes an expression of separation only. Farewell the year; farewell ye sweet groves; that is, I take my leave of you.


1. A wish of happiness or welfare at parting; the parting compliment; adieu.

2. Leave; act of departure.

And takes her farewell of the glorious sun.

Before I take my farewell of the subject.

FARIN, FARINA, n. [L. farina, meal.]

1. In botany, the pollen, fine dust or powder, contained in the anthers of plants, and which is supposed to fall on the stigma, and fructify the plant.

2. In chimistry, starch or fecula, one of the proximate principles of vegetables.

Fossil farina, a variety of carbonate of lime, in thin white crusts, light as cotton, and easily reducible to powder.

FARINACEOUS, a. [from L. farina, meal.]

1. Consisting or made of meal or flour; as a farinaceous diet, which consists of the meal or flour of the various species of corn or grain.

2. Containing meal; as farinaceous seeds.

3. Like meal; mealy; pertaining to meal; as a farinaceous taste or smell.

FARM, n.

1. A tract of land leased on rent reserved; ground let to a tenant on condition of his paying a certain sum annually or otherwise for the use of it. A farm is usually such a portion of land as is cultivated by one man, and includes the buildings and fences. Rents were formerly pain in provisions, or the produce of land; but now they are generally paid in money.

This is the signification of farm in Great Britain, where most of the land is leased to cultivators.

2. In the United States, a portion or tract of land, consisting usually of grass land, meadow, pasture, tillage and woodland, cultivated by one man and usually owned by him in fee. A like tract of land under lease is called a farm; but most cultivators are proprietors of the land, and called farmers.

A tract of new land, covered with forest, if intended to be cultivated by one man as owner, is also called a farm. A man goes into the new States, or into the unsettled country, to buy a farm, that is, land for a farm.

3. The state of land leased on rent reserved; a lease.

It is great wilfulness in landlords to make any longer farms to their tenants.

FARM, v.t.

1. To lease, as land, on rent reserved; to let to a tenant on condition of paying rent.

We are enforced to farm our royal realm.

[In this sense, I believe, the word is not used in America.]

2. To take at a certain rent or rate. [Not used in America.]

3. To lease or let, as taxes, impost or other duties, at a certain sum or rate per cent. It is customary in many countries for the prince or government to farm the revenues, the taxes or rents, the imposts and excise, to individuals, who are to collect and pay them to the government at a certain percentage or rate per cent.

4. To take or hire for a certain rate per cent.

5. To cultivate land.

To farm let, or let to farm, is to lease on rent.

FARMHOUSE, n. A house attached to a farm, and for the residence of a farmer.

FARM-OFFICE, n. Farm-offices, are the out buildings pertaining to a farm.

FARMYARD, n. The yard or inclosure attached to a barn; or the inclosure surrounded by the farm buildings.

FARMABLE, a. That may be farmed.

FARMED, pp. Leased on rent; let out at a certain rate or price.


1. In Great Britain, a tenant; a lessee; one who hires and cultivates a farm; a cultivator of leased ground.

2. One who takes taxes, customs, excise or other duties, to collect for a certain rate per cent; as a farmer of the revenues.

3. One who cultivates a farm; a husbandman; whether a tenant or the proprietor.

4. In mining, the lord of the field, or one who farms the lot and cope of the king.


1. Letting or leasing land on rent reserved, or duties and imposts at a certain rate per cent.

2. Taking on lease.

3. Cultivating land; carrying on the business of agriculture.

FARMING, n. The business of cultivating land.

FARMOST, a. [far and most.] Most distant or remote.

FARNESS, n. [from far.] Distance; remoteness.

FARRAGINOUS, a. [L. farrago, a mixture, from far, meal.]

Formed of various materials; mixed; as a farraginous mountain.

FARRAGO, n. [L. from far, meal.] A mass composed of various materials confusedly mixed; a medley.

FARREATION. [See Confarreation.]

FARRIER, n. [L. ferrarius, from ferrum, iron.]

1. A shoer of horses; a smith who shoes horses.

2. One who professes to cure the diseases of horses.

FARRIER, v.i. To practice as a farrier.

FARRIERY, n. The art of preventing, curing or mitigating the diseases of horses.

FARROW, n. A litter of pigs.

FARROW, v.t. To bring forth pigs. [Used of swine only.]

Not producing young in a particular season or year; applied to cows only. If a cow has had a calf, but fails in a subsequent year, she is said to be farrow, or to go farrow. Such a cow may give milk through the year.

FARTHER, a. comp.

1. More remote; more distant than something else.

Let me add a farther truth.

2. Longer; tending to a greater distance.

Before our farther way the fates allow.


1. At or to a greater distance; more remotely; beyond. Let us rest with what we have, without looking farther.

2. Moreover; by way of progression in a subject. Farther, let us consider the probable event.

FARTHER, v.t. To promote; to advance; to help forward. [little used.]

FARTHERANCE, n. A helping forward; promotion. [Not used.]

FARTHERMORE, adv. Besides; moreover. [Little used.]

FARTHEST, a. superl. [See Furthest.]

Most distant or remote; as the farthest degree.

FARTHEST, adv. At or to the greatest distance. [See Furthest.]


1. The fourth of a penny; a small copper coin of Great Britain, being the fourth of a penny in value. In America we have no coin of this kind. We however use the word to denote the fourth part of a penny in value, but the penny is of different value from the English penny, and different in different states. It is becoming obsolete, with the old denominations of money.

2. Farthings, in the plural, copper coin.

3. Very small price or value. It is not worth a farthing, that is, it is of very little worth, or worth nothing.

4. A division of land. [Not now used.]

Thirty acres make a farthing-land; nine farthings a Cornish acre; and four Cornish acres a knight’s fee.

FARTHINGALE, n. [This is a compound word, but it is not easy to analyze it.]

A hoop petticoat; or circles of hoops, formed of whalebone, used to extend the petticoat.

FARTHINGSWORTH, n. As much as is sold for a farthing.

FASCES, n. plu. [L. fascis.]

In Roman antiquity, an ax tied with a bundle of rods, and borne before the Roman magistrates as a badge of their authority.

FASCIA, n. fash’ia. [L. a band or sash.]

1. A band, sash or fillet. In architecture, any flat member with a small projecture, as the band of an architrave. Also, in brick buildings, the jutting of the bricks beyond the windows in the several stories except the highest.

2. In astronomy, the belt of a planet.

3. In surgery, a bandage, roller or ligature.

4. In anatomy, a tendinous expansion or aponeurosis; a thin tendinous covering which surrounds the muscles of the limbs, and binds them in their places.

FASCIAL, a. fash’ial. Belonging to the fasces.

FASCIATED, a. fash’iated. Bound with a fillet, sash or bandage.

FASCIATION, n. fashia’tion. The act or manner of binding up diseased parts; bandage.

FASCICLE, n. [L. fasciculus, from fascis, a bundle.]

In botany, a bundle, or little bundle; a species of inflorescence, or manner of flowering, in which several upright, parallel, fastigiate, approximating flowers are collected together.

FASCICULAR, a. [L. fascicularis.] United in a bundle; as a fascicular root, a root of the tuberous kind, with the knobs collected in bundles, as in Paeonia.

FASCICULARLY, adv. In the form of bundles.


FASCICLED, a. [from fasciculus, supra.]

Growing in bundles or bunches from the same point, as the leaves of the Larix or larch.

FASCICULITE, n. [supra.] A variety of fibrous hornblend, of a fascicular structure.

FASCINATE, v.t. [L. fascino; Gr.]

1. To bewitch; to enchant; to operate on by some powerful or irresistible influence; to influence the passions or affections in an incontrollable manner.

None of the affections have been noted to fascinate and bewitch, but love and envy.

2. To charm; to captivate; to excite and allure irresistible or powerfully. The young are fascinated by love; female beauty fascinates the unguarded youth; gaming is a fascinating vice.

FASCINATED, pp. Bewitched; enchanted; charmed.

FASCINATING, ppr. Bewitching; enchanting; charming; captivating.

FASCINATION, n. The act of bewitching or enchanting; enchantment; witchcraft; a powerful or irresistible influence on the affections or passions; unseen inexplicable influence. The ancients speak of two kinds of fascination; one by the look or eye; the other by words.

The Turks hang old rags on their fairest horses, to secure them against fascination.

FASCINE, n. [L. fascis, a bundle.] In fortification, a fagot, a bundle of rods or small sticks of wood, bound at both ends and in the middle; used in raising batteries, in filling ditches, in strengthening ramparts, and making parapets. Sometimes being dipped in melted pitch or tar, they are used to set fire to the enemy’s lodgments or other works.

FASCINOUS, a. Caused or acting by witchcraft. [Not used.]

FASHION, n. fash’on. [L. facio, facies.]

1. The make or form of any thing; the state of any thing with regard to its external appearance; shape; as the fashion of the ark, or of the tabernacle.

Or let me lose the fashion of a man.

The fashion of his countenance was altered. Luke 9:29.

2. Form; model to be imitated; pattern.

King Ahaz sent to Urijah the priest the fashion of the altar. 2 Kings 16:10.

3. The form of a garment; the cut or shape of clothes; as the fashion of a coat or of a bonnet. Hence,

4. The prevailing mode of dress or ornament. We import fashions from England, as the English often import them from France. What so changeable as fashion!

5. Manner; sort; way; mode; applied to actions or behavior.

Pluck Casca by the sleeve,

And he will, after his sour fashion, tell you

What hath proceeded.

6. Custom; prevailing mode or practice. fashion is an inexorable tyrant, and most of the world its willing slaves.

It was the fashion of the age to call every thing in question.

Few enterprises are so hopeless as a contest with fashion.

7. Genteel life or good breeding; as men of fashion.

8. Any thing worn. [Not used.]

9. Genteel company.

10. Workmanship.

FASHION, v.t. fash’on.

1. To form; to give shape or figure to; to mold.

Here the loud hammer fashions female toys.

Aaron fashioned the calf with a graving tool. Exodus 32:4.

Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, what makes thou? Isaiah 45:9.

2. To fit; to adapt; to accommodate; with to.

Laws ought to be fashioned to the manners and conditions of the people.

3. To make according to the rule prescribed by custom.

Fashioned plate sells for more than its weight.

4. To forge or counterfeit. [Not used.]


1. Made according to the prevailing form or mode; as a fashionable dress.

2. Established by custom or use; current; prevailing at a particular time; as the fashionable philosophy; fashionable opinions.

3. Observant of the fashion or customary mode; dressing or behaving according to the prevailing fashion; as a fashionable man. Hence,

4. Genteel; well bred; as fashionable company or society.

FASHIONABLENESS, n. The state of being fashionable; modish elegance; such appearance as is according to the prevailing custom.