Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary



EMBER-GOOSE, n. A fowl of the genus Colymbus and order of ansers. It is larger than the common goose; the head is dusky; the back, coverts of the wings and tail, clouded with lighter and darker shades of the same; the primaries and tail are black; the breast and belly silvery. It inhabits the northern regions, about Iceland and the Orkneys.

EMBERING, n. The ember-days, supra.

EMBERS, n. plu.

Small coals of fire with ashes; the residuum of wood, coal or other combustibles not extinguished; cinders.

He rakes hot embers, and renews the fires.

It is used by Colebrooke in the singular.

He takes a lighted ember out of the covered vessel.

EMBER-WEEK, [See Ember, supra.]

EMBEZZLE, v.t. [Heb. signifies to plunder.]

1. To appropriate fraudulently to one’s own use what is entrusted to one’s care and management. It differs from stealing and robbery in this, that the latter imply a wrongful taking of another’s goods, but embezzlement denotes the wrongful appropriation and use of what came into possession by right. It is not uncommon for men entrusted with public money to embezzle it.

2. To waste; to dissipate in extravagance.

When thou hast embezzled all thy store.

EMBEZZLED, pp. Appropriated wrongfully to one’s own use.

EMBEZZLEMENT, n. The act of fraudulently appropriating to one’s own use, the money or goods entrusted to one’s care and management. An accurate account of the embezzlements of public money would form a curious history.

1. The thing appropriated.

EMBEZZLER, n. One who embezzles.

EMBEZZLING, ppr. Fraudulently applying to one’s own use what is entrusted to one’s care and employment.


1. To adorn with glittering embellishments.

No weeping orphan saw his father’s stores

Our shrines irradiate, or emblaze the floors.

2. To blazon; to paint or adorn with figures armorial.

The imperial ensign, streaming to the wind,

With gems and golden luster rich emblazed.

EMBLAZED, pp. Adorned with shining ornaments, or with figures armorial.

EMBLAZING, ppr. Embellishing with glittering ornaments, or with figures armorial.

EMBLAZON, v.t. embla’zn.

1. To adorn with figures of heraldry or ensigns armorial.

2. To deck in glaring colors; to display pompously.

We find Augustus--emblazoned by the poets.

EMBLAZONED, pp. Adorned with figures or ensigns armorial; set out pompously.

EMBLAZONER, n. A blazoner; one that emblazons; a herald.

1. One that publishes and displays with pomp.

EMBLAZONING, ppr. Adorning with ensigns or figures armorial; displaying with pomp.

EMBLAZONMENT, n. An emblazoning.

EMBLAZONRY, n. Pictures on shields; display of figures.

EMBLEM, n. [Gr. to cast in, to insert.]

1. Properly, inlay; inlayed or mosaic work; something inserted in the body of another.

2. A picture representing one thing to the eye, and another to the understanding; a painted enigma, or a figure representing some obvious history, instructing us in some moral truth. Such is the image of Scaevola holding his hand in the fire, with these words,”agere et pati fortiter Romanum est.” to do and to suffer with fortitude is Roman.

3. A painting or representation, intended to hold forth some moral or political instruction; an allusive picture; a typical designation. A balance is an emblem of justice; a crown is the emblem of royalty; a scepter, of power or sovereignty.

4. That which represents another thing in its predominant qualities. A white robe in scripture is an emblem of purity or righteousness; baptism, of purification.

EMBLEM, v.t. To represent by similar qualities.

EMBLEMATIC, EMBLEMATICAL, a. Pertaining to or comprising an emblem.

1. Representing by some allusion or customary connection; as, a crown is emblematic of royalty, a crown being worn by kings.

2. Representing by similar qualities; as, whiteness is emblematic of purity.

3. Using emblems; as emblematic worship.

EMBLEMATICALLY, adv. By way or means of emblems; in the manner of emblems; by way of allusive representation.

EMBLEMATIST, n. A writer or inventor of emblems.

EMBLEMENT, n. used mostly in the plural.

The produce or fruits of land sown or planted. This word is used for the produce of land sown or planted by a tenant for life or years, whose estate is determined suddenly after the land is sown or planted and before harvest. In this case the tenant’s executors shall have the emblements. Emblements comprehend not only corn, but the produce of any annual plant. But the produce of grass and perennial plants belongs to the lord, or proprietor of the land.

EMBLEMIZE, v.t. To represent by an emblem.

EMBLEMIZED, pp. Represented by an emblem.

EMBLEMIZING, ppr. Representing by an emblem.

EMBLOOM, v.t. To cover or enrich with bloom.

EMBODIED, pp. [See Embody.] Collected or formed into a body.

EMBODY, v.t. [en, in, and body.] To form or collect into a body or united mass; to collect into a whole; to incorporate; to concentrate; as, to embody troops; to embody detached sentiments.

EMBODYING, ppr. Collecting or forming into a body.

EMBOGUING, n. The mouth of a river or place where its waters are discharged into the sea. [An ill formed word.]

EMBOLDEN, v.t. [en and bold.] To give boldness or courage; to encourage. 1 Corinthians 8:10.

EMBOLDENED, pp. Encouraged.

EMBOLDENING, ppr. Giving courage or boldness.

EMBOLISM, n. [Gr. to throw in, to insert.]

1. Intercalation; the insertion of days, months or years, in an account of time, to produce regularity. The Greeks made use of the lunar year of 354 days, and to adjust it to the solar year of 365, they added a lunar month every second or third year, which additional month they called embolimaeus.

2. Intercalated time.

EMBOLISMAL, a. Pertaining to intercalation; intercalated; inserted.

The embolismal months are either natural or civil.

EMBOLISMIC, a. Intercalated; inserted.

Twelve lunations form a common year; and thirteen, the embolismic year.

EMBOLUS, n. [Gr. to thrust in.] Something inserted or acting in another; that which thrusts or drives; a piston.

EMBORDER, v.t. To adorn with a border.

EMBOSS, v.t. [en, in, and boss.] In architecture and sculpture, to form bosses or protuberances; to fashion in relievo or raised work; to cut or form with prominent figures.

1. To form with bosses; to cover with protuberances.

2. To drive hard in hunting, till a deer foams, or a dog’s knees swell.

EMBOSS, v.t. To inclose as in a box; to include; to cover. [Not used.]
EMBOSS, v.t. To inclose in a wood; to conceal in a thicket. [Not used.]

EMBOSSED, pp. Formed with bosses or raised figures.

EMBOSSING, ppr. Forming with figures in relievo.

EMBOSSMENT, n. A prominence, like a boss; a jut.

1. Relief; figures in relievo; raised work.

EMBOTTLE, v.t. [en, in, and bottle.] To put in a bottle; to bottle; to include or confine in a bottle.

EMBOTTLED, pp. Put in or included in bottles.

EMBOW, v.t. To form like a bow; to arch; to vault.

EMBOWEL, v.t. [en, in, and bowel.] To take out the entrails of an animal body; to eviscerate.

1. To take out the internal parts.

Fossils and minerals that the emboweled earth


2. To sink or inclose in another substance.

EMBOWELED, pp. Deprived of intestines; eviscerated; buried.

EMBOWELER, n. One that takes out the bowels.

EMBOWELING, ppr. Depriving of entrails; eviscerating; burying.

EMBOWER, v.i. [from bower.] To lodge or rest in a bower.


1. To take, clasp or inclose in the arms; to press to the bosom, in token of affection.

Paul called to him the disciples and embraced them. Acts 20:1.

2. To seize eagerly; to lay hold on; to receive or take with willingness that which is offered; as, to embrace the christian religion; to embrace the opportunity of doing a favor.

3. To comprehend; to include or take in; as, natural philosophy embraces many sciences.

4. To comprise; to inclose; to encompass; to contain; to encircle.

Low at his feet a spacious plain is placed,

Between the mountain and the stream embraced.

5. To receive; to admit.

6. To find; to take; to accept.

Fleance--must embrace the fate

Of that dark hour.

7. To have carnal intercourse with.

8. To put on.

9. To attempt to influence a jury corruptly.

EMBRACE, v.i. To join in an embrace.
EMBRACE, n. Inclosure or clasp with the arms; pressure to the bosom with the arms.

1. Reception of one thing into another.

2. Sexual intercourse; conjugal endearment.

EMBRACED, pp. Inclosed in the arms; clasped to the bosom; seized; laid hold on; received; comprehended; included; contained; accepted.

1. Influenced corruptly; biassed; as a juror.

EMBRACEMENT, n. A clasp in the arms; a hug; embrace.

1. Hostile hug; grapple. [Little used.]

2. Comprehension; state of being contained; inclosure. [Little used.]

3. Conjugal endearment; sexual commerce.

4. Willing acceptance. [Little used.]

EMBRACER, n. The person who embraces.

1. One who attempts to influence a jury corruptly.

EMBRACERY, n. In law, an attempt to influence a jury corruptly to one side, by promises, persuasions, entreaties, money, entertainments, or the like.

EMBRACING, ppr. Clasping in the arms; pressing to the bosom; seizing and holding; comprehending; including; receiving; accepting; having conjugal intercourse.

1. Attempting to influence a jury corruptly.

EMBRAID, v.t. To upbraid.

EMBRASURE, n. s as z.

1. An opening in a wall or parapet, through which cannon are pointed and discharged.

2. In architecture, the enlargement of the aperture of a door or window, on the inside of the wall, for giving greater play for the opening of the door or casement, or for admitting more light.

EMBRAVE, v.t. [See Brave.] To embellish; to make showy.

1. To inspire with bravery; to make bold.

EMBROCATE, v.t. [Gr. to moisten, to rain.]

In surgery and medicine, to moisten and rub a diseased part of the body, with a liquid substance, as with spirit, oil, etc., by means of a cloth or spunge.

EMBROCATED, pp. Moistened and rubbed with a wet cloth or spunge.

EMBROCATING, ppr. Moistening and rubbing a diseased part with a wet cloth or spunge.

EMBROCATION, n. The act of moistening and rubbing a diseased part, with a cloth or spunge, dipped in some liquid substance, as spirit, oil. etc.

1. The liquid or lotion with which an affected part is rubbed or washed.

EMBROIDER, v.t. To border with ornamental needle-work, or figures; to adorn with raised figures of needle-work; as cloth, stuffs or muslin.

Thou shalt embroider the coat of fine line. Exodus 28:39.

EMBROIDERED, pp. Adorned with figures of needle-work.

EMBROIDERER, n. One who embroiders.

EMBROIDERING, ppr. Ornamenting with figured needle-work.

EMBROIDERY, n. Work in gold, silver or silk thread, formed by the needle on cloth, stuffs and muslin, into various figures; variegated needle-work.

1. Variegation or diversity of figures and colors; as the natural embroidery of meadows.


1. To perplex or entangle; to intermix in confusion.

The christian antiquities at Rome--are embroiled with fable and legend.

2. To involve in troubles or perplexities; to disturb or distract by connection with something else; to throw into confusion or commotion; to perplex.

The royal house embroiled in civil war.

EMBROILED, pp. Perplexed; entangled; intermixed and confused; involved in trouble.

EMBROILING, ppr. Perplexing; entangling; involving in trouble.

EMBROILMENT, n. Confusion; disturbance.

EMBROTHEL, v.t. [See Brothel.] To inclose in a brothel.

EMBRYO, EMBRYON, n. [L. embryon; Gr. to shoot, bud, germinate. The Greek word is contracted, and if so, it coincides in elements with Eng. brood and breed.]

In physiology, the first rudiments of an animal in the womb, before the several members are distinctly formed; after which it is called a fetus.

1. The rudiments of a plant.

2. The beginning or first state of any thing not fit for production; the rudiments of any thing yet imperfectly formed.

The company little suspected what a noble work I had then in embryo.

EMBRYO, EMBRYON, a. Pertaining to or noting any thing in its first rudiments or unfinished state; as an embryon bud.

EMBRYOTOMY, n. [embryo and Gr. a cutting, to cut.]

A cutting or forcible separation of the fetus in utero.

EMBUSY, v.t. To employ. [Not used.]

EMEND, v.t. To amend. [Not used.]

EMENDABLE, a. [L. emendabilis, from emendo, to correct; e and menda, a spot or blemish.] Capable of being amended or corrected. [See Amendable.]

EMENDATION, n. [L. emendatio.] The act of altering for the better, or correcting what is erroneous or faulty; correction; applied particularly to the correction of errors in writings. When we speak of like and manners, we use amend, amendment, the French orthography.

1. An alteration for the better; correction of an error or fault.

The last edition of the book contains many emendations.

EMENDATOR, n. A corrector of errors or faults in writings; one who corrects or improves.

EMENDATORY, a. Contributing to emendation or correction.

EMERALD, n. [L. smaragdus.] A mineral and a precious stone, whose colors are a pure, lively green, varying to a pale, yellowish, bluish, or grass green. It is always crystallized, and almost always appears in regular, hexahedral prisms, more or less perfect, and sometimes slightly modified by truncations on the edges, or on the solid angles. It is a little harder than quartz, becomes electric by friction, is often transparent, sometimes only translucent, and before the blowpipe is fusible into a whitish enamel or glass. The finest emeralds have been found in Peru.

The subspecies of emerald are the precious emerald and the beryl.

EMERGE, v.i. emerj’. [L. emergo; e, ex, and mergo, to plunge.]

1. To rise out of a fluid or other covering or surrounding substance; as, to emerge from the water or from the ocean.

That is--emerging from the deep.

We say, a planet emerges from the sun’s light; a star emerging from chaos. It is opposed to immerge.

2. To issue; to proceed from.

3. To reappear, after being eclipsed; to leave the sphere of the obscuring object.

The sun is said to emerge, when the moon ceases to obscure its light; the satellites of Jupiter emerge, when they appear beyond the limb of the planet.

4. To rise out of a state of depression or obscurity; to rise into view; as, to emerge from poverty or obscurity; to emerge from the gloom of despondency.

EMERGENCE, EMERGENCY, n. The act of rising out of a fluid or other covering or surrounding matter.

1. The act of rising or starting into view; the act of issuing from or quitting.

The white color of all refracted light, at its first emergence--is compounded of various colors.

2. That which comes suddenly; a sudden occasion; an unexpected event.

Most of our rarities have been found out by casual emergency.

In case of emergency, [or in an emergency] he would employ the whole wealth of his empire.

EMERGENT, a. Rising out of a fluid or any thing that covers or surrounds.

The mountains huge appear emergent.

1. Issuing or proceeding from.

2. Rising out of a depressed state or from obscurity.

3. Coming suddenly; sudden; casual; unexpected; hence, calling for immediate action or remedy; urgent; pressing; as an emergent occasion.

EMERITED, a. [L. emeritus.] Allowed to have done public service.

EMERODS, n. With a plural termination. [Corrupted from hemorrhoids, Gr. to labor under a flowing of blood.]

Hemorrhoids; piles; a dilatation of the veins about the rectum, with a discharge of blood.

The Lord will smite thee--with the emerods. Deuteronomy 28:27.

EMERSION, n. [from L. emergo. See Emerge.]

1. The act of rising out of a fluid or other covering or surrounding substance; opposed to immersion.

2. In astronomy, the reappearance of a heavenly body after an eclipse, as the emersion of the moon from the shadow of the earth; also, the time of reappearance.

3. The reappearance of a star, which has been hid by the effulgence of the sun’s light.

4. Extrication.

EMERY, n. [Gr. and L. smiris.] A mineral, said to be a compact variety of corundum, being equal to it in hardness. It is always amorphous; its structure finely granular; its color varying from a deep gray to a bluish or blackish gray, sometimes brownish. This is almost indispensable in polishing metals and hard stones. The lapidaries cut ordinary gems on their wheels, by sprinkling them with the moistened powder of emery; but it will not cut the diamond.

EMETIC, a. [Gr. to vomit.] Inducing to vomit; exciting the stomach to discharge its contents by the oesophagus and mouth.

EMETIC, n. A medicine that provokes vomiting.

EMETICALLY, adv. In such a manner as to excite vomiting.

EMETIN, n. [See Emetic.] A substance obtained from the root of ipecacuana, half a grain of which is a powerful emetic.

EMEW, n. A name of the Cassowary.

EMICATION, n. [L. emicatio, emico, from e and mico, to sparkle, that is, to dart.]

A sparkling; a flying off in small particles, as from heated iron or fermenting liquors.

EMICTION, n. [L. mingo, mictum.] The discharging of urine; urine; what is voided by the urinary passages.

EMIGRANT, a. [See Emigrate.] Removing from one place or country to another distant place with a view to reside.

EMIGRANT, n. One who removes his habitation, or quits one country or region to settle in another.

EMIGRATE, v.i. [L. emigro; e and migro, to migrate.]

To quit one country, state or region and settle in another; to remove from one country or state to another for the purpose of residence. Germans, Swiss, Irish and Scotch, emigrate, in great numbers, to America. Inhabitants of New England emigrate to the Western States.

EMIGRATING, ppr. Removing from one country or state to another for residence.

EMIGRATION, n. Removal of inhabitants from one country or state to another, for the purpose of residence, as from Europe to America, or in America, from the Atlantic States to the Western.

The removal of persons from house to house in the same town, state or kingdom is not called emigration, but simple removal.

EMINENCE, EMINENCY, n. [L. eminentia, from eminens, emineo, to stand or show itself above; e and minor, to threaten, that is, to stand or push forward.]

1. Elevation, highth, in a literal sense; but usually, a rising ground; a hill of moderate elevation above the adjacent ground.

The temple of honor ought to be seated on an eminence.

2. Summit; highest part.

3. A part rising or projecting beyond the rest, or above the surface. We speak of eminences on any plain or smooth surface.

4. An elevated situation among men; a place or station above men in general, either in rank, office or celebrity. Merit may place a man on an eminence, and make him conspicuous. Eminence is always exposed to envy.

5. Exaltation; high rank; distinction; celebrity; fame; preferment; conspicuousness.

Office, rank and great talents give eminence to men in society.

Where men cannot arrive at eminence, religion may make compensation, by teaching content.

6. Supreme degree.

7. Notice; distinction.

8. A title of honor given to cardinals and others.