Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary

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BRINE-PIT — BROND

BRINE-PIT, n. [brine and pit.] A brine pan, or a salt spring from which water is taken to be boiled or evaporated for making salt.

BRINE-SPRING, n. [bring and spring.] A spring of salt water.

BRING, v.t.

1. To fetch; to bear, convey or lead from a distant to a nearer place, or to a person; as, bring me a book from the shelf; bring me a morsel of bread. In this sense, it is opposed to carry, and it is applied to the person bearing or leading, in opposition to sending or transmitting by another.

2. To produce; to procure as a cause; to draw to.

Nothing brings a man more honor than to be invariably just.

3. To attract or draw along.

In distillation the water brings over with it another substance.

4. To cause to come; to cause to proceed from a distant place, in company, or at the same time; as, to bring a boat over a river; to bring a horse or carriage; to bring a cargo of dry goods.

5. To cause to come to a point, by moral influence; used of the mind, and implying previous remoteness, aversion, alienation, or disagreement; as, to bring the mind to assent to a proposition; or to bring a man to terms, by persuasion or argument. In this sense, it is nearly equivalent to persuade, prevail upon, or induce. The same process is effected by custom, and other causes. Habit brings us to relish things at first disagreeable; reflection brings a man to his senses, and whether the process is slow or rapid, the sense of the verb is the same. To bring to the mind any thing before and forgotten, is to recall; but the sense of bring is the same.

The primary sense is to lead, draw or cause to come; the sense of conveying or bearing is secondary.

The use of this verb is so extensive, and incorporated into so many peculiar phrases, that it is not easy to reduce its significations within any precise limits. In general, the verb bring implies motion from a place remote, either in a literal or figurative sense. It is used with various modifying words. To bring back is to recall, implying previous departure, either in a literal or figurative sense.

To bring about, to bring to pass; to effect; to accomplish; to bring to the desired issue.

To bring forth is to produce, as young or fruit; also, to bring to light; that is, to make manifest; to disclose.

To bring forward, to cause to advance; to produce to view.

To bring in, to import; to introduce; to bear from remote place within a certain precinct; to place in a particular condition; to collect things dispersed; to reduce within the limits of law and government; to produce, as income, rent or revenue; to induce to join; etc.

To bring off, to bear or convey from a distant place, as to bring off men from an isle; also, to procure to be acquitted; to clear form condemnation; to cause to escape.

To bring on, to cause to begin, as to bring on an action; also, to originate or cause to exist, as to bring on a disease; also, to bear or convey from a distance, as to bring on a quantity of goods; also, to attend, or to aid in advancing, as to bring one on his way.

To bring over, to bear across, as to bring over dispatches, to bring over passengers in a boat; also, to convert by persuasion or other means; to draw to a new party; to cause to change sides, or an opinion.

To bring out, to expose; to detect; to bring to light from concealment; as, to bring out an accomplice or his crimes.

To bring under, to subdue; to repress; to restrain; to reduce to obedience; also, to bring beneath any thing.

To bring up, to nurse; to educate; to instruct; to feed and clothe; to form the manners, and furnish the mind with knowledge. The phrase may comprehend all these particulars. Also, to introduce to practice, as to bring up a fashion or ceremony; also, to cause to advance near, as to bring up forces, or the body of reserve; also, to bear or convey upwards. In navigation, to cast anchor.

To bring down, to cause to come down; also, to humble or abase, as to bring down high looks.

To bring to, in navigation, to check the course of a ship, by arranging the sails in such a manner, that they shall counteract each other, and keep her nearly stationary. She is then said to lie to. The phrase is used also in applying a rope to the capstan.

To bring by the lee, to incline so rapidly to leeward of the course, when a ship sails large, as to bring the lee side suddenly to the windward, and by laying the sails aback, expose her to the danger of oversetting.

BRINGER, n. One who brings, or conveys to.

Bringer in, the person who introduces.

Bringer up, an instructor; one who feeds, clothes, and educates; also, one who is in the rear of an army.

BRINGING, ppr. Bearing to; conveying; persuading; causing to come.

BRINGING FORTH, n. Production.

BRINISH, a. [from brine.] Like brine; salt; somewhat salt; saltish.

BRINISHNESS, n. Saltness; the quality of being saltish.

BRINK, n. The edge, margin or border of a steep place, as of a precipice, or the bank of a river.

BRINY, a. [from brine.] Pertaining to brine, or to the sea; partaking of the nature of brine; salt; as a briny taste; the briny flood.

BRISK, a. [This word may be of the same family with frisk, and fresh, which see.]

1. Lively; active; nimble; gay; sprightly; vivacious; applied to animals; as a brisk young man; a brisk cyder.

2. Full of spirit or life; effervescing, as liquors; as brisk cyder.

3. Lively; burning freely; as a brisk fire.

4. Vivid; bright; as, a glass makes an object appear brisk. [Not used.]

BRISK UP, v.t. To make lively; to enliven; to animate.

BRISK UP, v.i. To come up with life and speed; to take an erect, or bold attitude.

BRISKET, n. The breast of an animal; or that part of the breast that lies next to the ribs. The fore part of the neck of a horse, at the shoulder down to the fore legs.

BRISKLY, adv. Actively; vigorously; with life and spirit.

BRISKNESS, n. Liveliness; vigor in action; quickness; gayety; vivacity; effervescence of liquors.

BRISTLE, n. bris’l.

1. The stiff glossy hair of swine, especially that growing on the back, used for making brushes; similar hair on other animals.

2. A species of pubescence on plants, in form of stiff roundish hair.

BRISTLE, v.t. To erect in bristles; to erect in defiance or anger, like a swine; as, to bristle the crest.

1. To fix a bristle; as, to bristle a thread.

BRISTLE, v.i. To rise or stand erect; as, the hair bristles.

1. To raise the head and strut, as in anger or defiance; as, a man bristles up to another. In this sense the word is common in the U. States, but generally pronounced brustle.

BRISTLE-SHAPED, a. [bristle and shape.] To the thickness and length of a bristle, as a leaf.

BRISTLY, a. bris’ly. Thick set with bristles, or with hairs like bristles; rough.

BRISTOL-FLOWER, n. A species of Lychnis, bachelor’s button or catch fly.

BRISTOL-STONE, n. Rock crystal or crystals of quartz, found in a rock near the city of Bristol in England.

BRISTOL-WATER, n. The water of a warm spring near the city of Bristol in England.

BRIT, n. A fish; probably a different orthography of bret, or burt.

BRITANNIC, a. Pertaining to Britain; or in its present use, to Great Britain. It is applied almost exclusively to the title of the king; as his Britannic Majesty. In the Encyclopedia, article Argo Navis, it is applied to catalogue, the Britannic catalogue.

BRITCH, n. The large end of a cannon or of a musket; the club or thick part of the stock of a musket or other fire arm.

BRITCH, v.t. To fasten with britching.

BRITCHING, n. A strong rope, fastened to the cascabel or pummelion of a cannon, by a thimble, and clinched to ring bolts in the ship’s side, to prevent it from recoiling too much in battle.

BRITE, BRIGHT, v.i. To be or become over ripe, as wheat, barley or hops. [I know not that this word is used in the U. States.]

BRITISH, a. Pertaining to Great Britain or its inhabitants. It is sometimes applied to the language of the Welsh.

BRITON, n. A native of Britain.

BRITON, a. British.

BRITTLE, a. [Heb. to part, to break. See Part.]

Easily broken or easily breaking short, without splinters or loose parts rent from the substance; fragile; not tough or tenacious; as brittle stone or glass.

BRITTLELY, adv. In a brittle manner.

BRITTLENESS, n. Aptness to break; fragility; opposed to toughness and tenacity.

BRIZE, n. The gad fly. [See Breeze.]

BROACH, n.

1. A spit, and in some parts of the English dominions, an awl, and a bodkin.

2. A musical instrument played by turning a handle.

3. A clasp or small utensil to fasten a vest. [See Brooch.]

4. A start of the head of a young stag.

BROACH, v.t.

1. To spit; to pierce as with a spit.

2. To tap; to pierce, as a cask, in order to draw the liquor; hence, to let out.

3. To open, as a store. [Unusual.]

4. To utter; to give out; to publish first; to make public what was before unknown; as, to broach an opinion.

To broach to, in navigation, to incline suddenly to windward, so as to lay the sails aback and expose the vessel to the danger of oversetting.

BROACHED, pp. Spitted; tapped; opened; uttered; first published.

BROACHER, n. A spit; one who broaches, opens or utters; a first publisher.

BROAD, a. brawd. [L. gradior; a root of extensive use.]

1. Wide; extended in breadth, or from side to side, as distinguished from long, or extended from end to end. It is opposed to narrow; as a broad street; a broad table.

2. Wide; extensive; vast; as the broad expanse of ocean.

3. Large; as a broad mixture of falsehood.

4. Open; clear; not covered, confined or concealed; as in broad sunshine.

5. Gross; coarse; as broad mirth; broad nonsense.

6. Plain; tending to obscenity; as a broad comment.

7. Bold; not delicate; not reserved; as broad words.

8. Comprehensive.

It may be urged that the words in the constitution are broad enough to include the case.

Broad as long, equal upon the whole.

BROAD-AX, n. [broad and ax.] Formerly, a military weapon. In modern usage, an ax for hewing timber.

BROAD-BACKED, a. [broad and back.] Having a broad back.

BROAD-BLOWN, a. [broad and blow.] Full blown.

BROAD-BREASTED, a. Having a broad breast.

BROAD-BRIMMED, a. [broad and brim.] Having a broad brim.

BROAD-CAST, n. [broad and cast.] Among farmers, a casting or throwing seed from the hand for dispersion in sowing.

BROAD-CAST, adv. By scattering or throwing at large from the hand; as, to sow broad-cast.
BROAD-CAST, a. Cast or dispersed upon the ground with the hand, as seed in sowing; opposed to planting in hills or rows.

BROAD-CLOTH, n. A species of woolen cloth, so called from its breadth.

BROADEN, v.i. brawd’n. To grow broad. [Unusual.]

BROAD-EYED, a. [broad and eye.] Having a wide view or survey; as broad-eyed day.

BROAD-FRONTED, a. Having a broad front; applied to cattle.

BROAD-HORNED, a. Having large horns.

BROADISH, a. Rather broad.

BROAD-LEAVED, BROAD-LEAFED, a. [broad and leaf.] Having broad leaves.

BROADLY, adv. In a broad manner.

BROADNESS, n. Breadth; extent from side to side; coarseness; grossness; fulsomeness.

BROAD-PIECE, n. [broad and piece.] A piece of gold coin broader than a guinea.

BROAD-SEAL, n. The great seal of England; as a verb, not used.

BROAD-SHOULDERED, a. [broad and shoulder.] Broad across the shoulders.

BROAD-SIDE, n. [broad and side.] A discharge of all the guns on one side of a ship, above and below, at the same time.

1. The side of a ship, above the water, from the bow to the quarter.

2. In printing, a sheet of paper containing one large page, or printed on one side only.

BROAD-SPREADING, a. Spreading widely.

BROAD-SWORD, n. [broad and sword.] A sword with a broad blade, and a cutting edge.

BROAD-TAILED, a. Having a broad tail.

BROAD-WISE, adv. [broad and wise.] In the direction of the breadth.

BROCADE, n. Silk stuff, variegated with gold and silver, or raised and enriched with flowers, foliage and other ornaments.

BROCADED, a. Woven or worked, as brocade, with gold and silver.

1. Drest in brocade.

BROCADE-SHELL, n. The trivial name of the Conus geographicus.

BROCAGE, n. [See Broke, Broker.]

1. The premium or commission of a broker; the gain or profit derived from transacting business for other men, as brokers, either in a good or bad sense.

2. The hire given for any unlawful office.

3. The trade of a broker; a dealing in old things.

4. The business of a broker; the transactions of commercial business, as buying and selling, for other men.

5. The act of pimping.

BROCATEL, BROCATELLO, n. A calcarious stone or species of marble, composed of fragments of four colors, white, gray, yellow and red.

1. A kind of coarse brocade, used chiefly for tapestry. Newman says it is made of hemp and silk.

BROCCOLI, n. A variety of cabbage or Brassica.

BROCHE, the true, but not the common orthography of broach.

BROCK, n. A badger; an animal of the genus Ursus, found in the northern parts of Europe and Asia. The Russians call it barsuk.

In Ir. brech is a wolf, a wild savage and a badger.

BROCKET, n. [See Brock.] A red deer two years old. Bailey writes this brock or brocket. The French write it brocard.

BRODEKIN, n. A buskin or half boot.

BROGGLE, v.i. To fish for eels. [Not used.]

BROGUE, n. brog.

1. A shoe. “Clouted brogues.” in Shakespeare, signify shoes whose soles are studded with nails, or clouts.

2. A cant word for a corrupt dialect or manner of pronunciation.

3. Brogues is used by Shenstone for breeches, from the Irish brog.

BROGUE-MAKER, n. A maker of brogues.

BROID, v.t. To braid. [See Braid.]

BROIDER, v.t. To adorn with figures of needle work.

A robe, a broidered coat, and a girdle.

BROIDERER, n. One that embroiders.

BROIDERY, n. Embroidery; ornamental needle work wrought upon cloth. [See Embroider.]

BROIL, n. A tumult; a noisy quarrel; contention; discord, either between individuals or in the state.

BROIL, v.t. To agitate with heat; to dress or cook over coals, before the fire; but more generally upon a gridiron over coals.
BROIL, v.i. To be subjected to the action of heat, like meat over the fire; to be greatly heated or to sweat with heat.

Where have you been broiling?

BROILED, pp. Agitated or dressed by heat.

BROILER, n. One that excites broils; that which dresses by broiling.

BROILING, ppr. Agitating by heat; sweating.

BROKE, v.t. [L. fruor, for frucor, whence fructus, fruit. See Practice.]

To transact business for another in trade; to act as agent in buying and selling, and other commercial business; to transact business by an agent. [This word is little used, at least in America; and English writers seem to have used it in a low sense.]

BROKE, pret. and pp. of break.

BROKEN, pp. of break. bro’kn. Parted by violence; rent asunder; infirm; made bankrupt.

BROKEN-BACKED, a. A broken-backed ship is one which is so weakened in her frame as to droop at each end.

BROKEN-BELLIED, a. Having a ruptured belly.

BROKEN-HEARTED, a. [break and heart.] Having the spirits depressed or crushed by grief or despair.

BROKENLY, adv. In a broken interrupted manner; without a regular series.

BROKENNESS, n. A state of being broken; unevenness.

1. Contrition; as brokenness of heart.

BROKENWIND, n. [break and wind.] A disease in horses, often accompanied with a preternatural enlargement of the lungs and heart, which disables them from bearing fatigue.

BROKENWINDED, a. Having short breath, as a horse.

BROKER, n. [from broke.]

1. An agent or negotiator, who is employed by merchants to make and conclude bargains for them for a fee or rate per cent., or who transacts other business for his employers.

Brokers are of several kings.

1. Exchange-brokers, who make and conclude bargains for others in matters of money or merchandize, learn the rate of exchange and notify their employers.

2. Stock-brokers, who are employed to buy and sell shares in the stocks, whether of the public funds, of banks or of other corporations.

3. Pawn-brokers, who make it their business to lend money upon pawns, that is, property deposited in pledge.

4. Insurance-brokers, whose business is to procure the insurance of vessels at sea or bound on a voyage.

In the U. States, the business of a stockbroker and an insurance-broker is often or generally carried on by the same person.

2. One who deals in old household goods.

3. A pimp or procurer.

BROKERAGE, n. The fee, reward or commission given or charged for transacting business as a broker.

BROKERLY, a. Mean; servile.

BROKERY, n. The business of a broker. [Not used.]

BROKING, ppr. Transacting business as a broker; practiced by brokers.

BROME, n. [Gr. foetor.] A liquid of a deep red-brown color, very volatile, and having an ill smell, obtained from the mother-water of salt-works, and from the lixivia of the ashes of sea plants, by treating these solutions with chlorine. It has three times the density of water.

BROME-GRASS, n. A plant, the Bromus.

BRONCHIAL, a. [Gr. the wind-pipe.] Belong to the bronchia, or ramifications of the wind-pipe in the lungs.

The bronchial arteries are branches of the superior descending aorta accompanying the bronchia, or branches of the trachea.

Bronchial glands, glands at the division of the bronchia.

BRONCHIC, a. The same as bronchial.

BRONCHOCELE, n. [Gr. the wind-pipe, and, a tumor.]

An enlarged thyroid gland; a tumor on the fore part of the neck, called goiter; the Derbyshire neck.

BRONCHOTOMY, n. [Gr. the wind-pipe, and, a cutting.]

An incision into the wind pipe or larynx, between the rings; called also tracheotomy.

BROND, n. A sword. [See Brand.]