Letters and Manuscripts — Volume 5 (1887-1888)


Ms 29, 1887

Diary, January to May 1887


January 1 - May 15, 1887

Portions of this manuscript are published in 1SM 147; 3MR 374-375; 6MR 193; 8MR 445-446; 9MR 94-95; 3Bio 361-363; EGWE 267-269, 271-274.

January 1, 1887


Sabbath, New Year’s, I spoke to twenty-five who understood English, without an interpreter, in regard to our duty and obligations to God and how to begin the year aright. We then had a social meeting. Many testimonies were borne and many confessions made, well wet down with tears. It was a profitable meeting. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 1

Sunday morning, January 2, 1887

Assembled our people together, and I spoke to them through an interpreter, wishing them all a happy New Year. I strove to call their attention away from themselves to God and His rich blessings. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 2

January 4, 1887

Was sick with malaria attack. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 3

January 7, 1887

I arise this morning at half-past four and am thankful for the sweet rest I have had in sleep. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 4

February 4, 1887

Tramelan, Switzerland

Left Basel at ten o’clock this morning. We were pleased with the wonderful scenery. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 5

February 5, 1887


I arise before others are up and write eight pages to Elder Loughborough. Sabbath forenoon Elder Ings spoke to the church upon the gifts. In the afternoon I spoke upon the words in Malachi 3:16-18 and 4:1, 2. The Lord gave me much freedom in speaking. Brother John Vuilleumier was my interpreter. The Spirit of the Lord set home the words spoken with power to the hearts. We had a social meeting and many testimonies were borne with deep feeling. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 6

Brother Guenin’s eldest son had taken no part with the church for more than a year. He spoke with deep feeling, confessing his wrongs. His tears flowed freely. He said he would change his course. He would seek to be a blessing to himself and to others and to honor God with a better Christian life. He seemed to be in real earnest. His mother spoke for the first time. She became disgusted with the course of Czechowski, and she became prejudiced with all who came from America; but a change came over her, and she expressed her desire to take part with the people of God. Still another young man who had fallen into great sin arose and made a humble confession and asked the forgiveness of those he had injured. This was a blessed season. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 7

Brother Guenin bore a good testimony. He said that for years he had been deeply anxious for his brother. During the week of prayer he made his case a special subject of prayer. His brother lived several miles from Tramelan. He was deeply exercised upon the Sabbath. He told his wife that he could not work on another Sabbath, for his tools seemed so heavy the past Sabbath, as though they would drop out of his hands, and the reading of the pamphlet “The Sufferings of Christ” fully decided him to keep the Sabbath. There was still another case—an intelligent man, deeply interested in the truth. He had hopes that he would take a decided stand. This brother expected to lose his place, but his employer told him to go on as he had done, and thus the Lord worked in his favor. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 8

We then returned to the house of Brother Roth’s, the young man and his sisters and a number of others. I was requested to pray. Brother John Vuilleumier interpreted. Brother Guenin went to all in the house, shaking hands while the tears ran down his face. He shook hands with his three sisters—all strong in the faith—and saluted them. He seemed to be deeply affected. There was weeping upon the necks of some of the brethren as they embraced each other. Sister Roth said, “Peace has come into my house.” 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 9

Sunday, February 6, 1887


I spoke in the national chapel. The national minister opened the meeting with prayer and singing. I spoke nearly two hours with much freedom while the people listened with the greatest attention. There was not one who was asleep or uneasy. Sunday evening Brother Ings spoke to those assembled in the chapel. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 10

February 7, 1887


Monday morning at eight o’clock we left in a sleigh for the depot and were on our way to Basel. We were conveyed the first six miles in a “dummy.” The little box car contained two apartments. One of these seated only five persons, the other was a smoking car. We waited one hour at Tavannes and stepped on board the train that took us without change to Basel. We arrived at the depot at one o’clock and found our horse and carriage waiting for us, which took us to the mission. We found our friends all well, and we were very thankful to get home again. I spoke in Tramelan four times and wrote fifty pages of note paper. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 11

[Supplementary Item:] We returned from Tramelan to Basel February 7. We found that special efforts were being made with all connected with the mission building to draw nigh to God by confession and earnest prayer that the blessing of the Lord might be granted us in a special manner when our conference and council should convene. Meetings were held at half-past six o'clock commencing February 6. I commenced to give morning talks February 7 [8?]. We labored earnestly with our brethren and sisters for deeper spirituality and knowledge of the will of God. We felt the great need, as laborers together with God, of meeting a higher standard. The Lord has said of His people, You are the light of the world. [Matthew 5:14.] We are representatives of Bible truth. God has made us the repositories of His truth. Then let none hold the truth in unrighteousness, but let the spirit, the words, and deportment correspond with the principles of truth we claim to believe. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 12

February 8, 1887


Tuesday prepared article to send to America. Sent fifteen pages to Elder Loughborough, four pages to Elder Butler. Sent eight pages to Elder Haskell. Attended morning meeting and gave a short talk to those assembled. There is need of a thorough work of elevation of thought, of habits, of conversation, with all connected with the building, from the oldest to the youngest. Sacred things are placed upon a level with common things. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 13

February 9, 1887


Attended morning meeting and bore a plain, close testimony. How my heart is burdened over the condition of the spiritual state of those connected with the office. They are low in thought, common in conversation, and sacred things are not discerned. There is some little softening of spirits and we hope some approaching to the light with some. I spoke to them in regard to (2 Corinthians 7:1)—“Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.” It is certain the enemy has been busily at work in those who are connected with our establishment. There is a spirit with some to be low in thought, low in conversation, low in morals. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 14

February 10, 1887


I spoke to them this morning upon the necessity of pressing to the mark for the prize of the high calling in Christ Jesus. Some confessions are made, but there are those who have not surrendered. I feel deeply over the existing state of things. How can the Lord manifest His power and bless us as we now are? How can the Lord bear with our perversities? 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 15

February 11, 1887


I felt deeply in the meeting this morning. I spoke most earnestly to those assembled, with deep feeling. There is need of God’s working for us and by us and through us. We cannot receive light unless we come into a position where God can reflect it upon us. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 16

February 12, 1887


It is the holy Sabbath. We assemble at half-past six again in morning meeting. The blessing of the Lord is so much needed here to set things in order. We had a very solemn meeting. Many testimonies of confessions were made, but we do not touch bottom yet. There was a morning discourse by Elder Ings. There was a social meeting for the German new converts. Meeting in afternoon in German. Brother Ertzenberger spoke to the people. Three were baptized and the ordinances administered. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 17

February 13, 1887


Attended early morning meeting and spoke with much pain of heart in regard to the low state of spirituality among us. But yet there is not a break, except with a few. The Spirit of the Lord is evidently at work, and oh, that we may see the work go deeper and deeper! Some confessions were made with many tears. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 18

Monday morning, February 14, 1887


I have had a very heavy burden to carry through the night. The Lord has impressed me with some things and laid open more fully before me the things that must be corrected before the Lord will work with us as a people. I bore a very close, cutting testimony in regard to the low standard that was met by our people, and that there had been a helping one another in a wrong course rather than urging one another to pursue a right course. Deception, falsehood, and dissembling have been practiced, and those who are agents in this work are sharing the guilt of the one they are sympathizing with, and the confidences between them are unsanctified. I was afterward informed that Alace [?] Aufranc had left her father’s house on the Sabbath and gone to Locle [?]. She ran away from home. This is the fruit of these flirtations and courtships, and one of our best girls in the office has known her purpose, but kept it all to herself. This is no doubt considered a little chapter in romance, for those who do these things are not those who read their Bibles, but those who read fiction and romance. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 19

Monday, February 14, 1887

In the evening held another meeting and read to those connected with the establishment the letter I wrote to Edith before she died. What the effect of this letter will be I cannot say. It is a solemn letter, indeed. Made some remarks. It was nine o’clock, and we closed the meeting. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 20

February 15, 1887


Held meetings, one in the morning. Read in the evening matters in regard to _____, his flirtation and courtship. Made some remarks. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 21

February 16, 1887


Finished reading the letter of _____ and made remarks. Brother Frey made confession of his wrong course. We had a long talk with him and prayed with him. He seems humble and to be much affected. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 22

February 17, 1887


Thursday evening our conference commenced. There were quite a number from abroad. Brethren Bourdeau from Italy. Sister Bourdeau is again hopeful. The letter with words of comfort was to her like apples of gold in pictures of silver. Daniel is quite feeble. Has taken cold. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 23

Friday Morning, February 18, 1887


I spoke to those assembled from John 15:1-8. The Lord helped me to give a very solemn discourse upon the necessity of being in Christ as the branch is in the vine in order to bear the right quality of fruit. The Spirit of the Lord helped my infirmities. I was blessed of God, indeed. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 24

Sabbath, February 19, 1887


Sabbath forenoon the Lord blessed me in speaking upon the temptation of Christ in the wilderness, that in His human nature He bore temptation and overcame in our behalf. If He withstood temptation in His divine power, then He could not be tempted in all points like man, for it [would] be He was tempted as a God rather than as a man. God opened before me most precious light upon the Scriptures. I was greatly refreshed in my own soul, and I am convinced the Lord blessed the people greatly as they listened to the words spoken. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 25

February 20, 1887


In the afternoon of the Sabbath [February 19] we assembled again for social meeting. The blessing of the Lord rested upon me as I again addressed the people for a short time. Every seat was full, and extra seats were brought in. All listened with deep interest. I invited those who desired the prayers of the servants of God to come forward. All who had been backslidden, all who wished to return to the Lord and seek Him diligently, could improve the opportunity. Several seats were quickly filled, and the whole congregation was on the move. We told them the best they could do was to be seated right where they were and we would all seek the Lord together by confessing our sins. The Lord has pledged His word, “If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.” [1 John 1:9.] 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 26

Many testimonies were borne in quick succession and with depth of feelings, showing that the hearts were touched by the Spirit of God. Our meetings continued from two o’clock P.M. to five, and then we were obliged to close with several earnest prayers. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 27

At half-past seven the seats were well filled, and I spoke to an interested company upon the subject of temperance. The Lord gave me great freedom in speaking, and I am requested to speak again upon the same subject this evening [Sunday]. My text was the first chapter of Daniel. Those present listened with intense interest. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 28

In the evening at seven p.m. I spoke again upon the subject of temperance with no abating of the interest. The pledge was then passed through the congregation, and one hundred and thirty-seven names were attached to it. This was a victory gained. Many appropriate remarks were made while the pledge was being passed through the congregation. The hymn “Hold the Fort” was sung with hearty, round voices. My heart has been filled with praise and gratitude to God for the strength which He had imparted to me during these meetings. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 29

Monday, February 21, 1887


I spoke again to our brethren and sisters upon health reform, taking up the subjects of pure air, pure water, a clean, sweet atmosphere in our houses and in the stables where cattle are kept, and the health-destroying habits of women in compressing the waist. I had great freedom in speaking, and we hope that good will be done. My text was, “Come out from among them, and be ye separate, ... and touch not the unclean thing: and I will receive you,” etc. [2 Corinthians 6:17.] 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 30

Tuesday, February 22, 1887


I spoke again to the people assembled in conference from (Malachi 3:16)—“Then they that feared the Lord spake often one to another,” etc. I dwelt upon the importance of making our social meetings interesting; that one man wasn’t to do all the talking, but every one should bear his testimony. It has been the habit of one man to get up and talk from one-half hour to an hour. This is called meditation. Then the interest of the meeting is gone, and no one feels that he has any testimony to bear. One or two make a few remarks, and the meetings close, and there has not been the habit of having social meetings in Europe. But we are seeking to educate them on this point, that it is the duty of every one who loves God and the truth to speak to one another words of experience and of comfort, and to tell of God’s goodness, His love, and His great mercy in giving His Son Jesus Christ to die for us while we were enemies to God. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 31

February 23, 1887


I have written twelve pages to Dr. Kellogg in answer to a letter received February 22. Rode out for health. Had conversation with Elder D. T. Bourdeau. My lungs trouble me. I have taken cold and taxed them considerable. Meetings are being held every day for the workers. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 32

February 24, 1887


Arise at four. Write five pages to Edson White, four pages to an afflicted sister at the Battle Creek Sanitarium who has written to me for light and words of comfort. May the Lord bless the words I have written to the afflicted one. After breakfast wrote five pages in addition to eight pages to Brother Frey. Wrote four pages to Sister Hutchins; two pages to Sister Hall. Rode out in afternoon with Sister Whitney. It is a very pleasant day. The meetings are going on for instruction of laborers. Had talk with Abel Bede; also with Brother D. T. Bourdeau. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 33

February 25, 1887


Arise at four o’clock A.M. Wrote four pages to Dr. Maxson and his wife in answer to a letter received from Sister Maxson. I spoke to those assembled in meeting at half-past five, then we had a social meeting. Good testimonies were borne. We had meetings in the chapel all day. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 34

My lungs pain me much. I have taken a severe cold. Wrote three pages to J. E. White. We had a very pleasant ride. Mary, Ella, the little Mabel, and I composed the company with John Roth [?], driver. Visited with Sister Bourdeau. W. C. White conversed with me, and we thought it would be pleasing to the Lord to appropriate, in addition to the two hundred already appropriated to the Scandinavian Mission, one hundred more to help purchase a tent and seventy-five more to be used for the purchase of a library. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 35

February 26, 1887


We assembled this morning in the chapel. I gave a morning talk from Ephesians 3:14-21. The Lord gave me much freedom in speaking, and His blessing rested upon me. Oh, that the Lord would impress His people with their high and exalted privilege. Meetings all day of various orders. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 36

February 27, 1887


We assembled in the chapel. I gave a morning talk. “Search the Scriptures,” etc. John 5:39. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 37

Monday Morning, February 28, 1887


Spoke from Colossians 1:25-29. I felt deeply the importance of this subject, and the Lord helped me to speak very plainly in love to my brethren. These words were reported. Good testimonies were borne by D. T. Bourdeau, Wilbur Whitney, and several others. D. T. Bourdeau spoke decidedly to the point. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 38

March 1, 1887


Gave morning talk from Acts 20:26-28. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 39

March 3, 1887


Spoke this morning from Philippians 4:4-6. Good social meeting. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 40

March 4, 1887


Spoke in the morning meeting, translated by A. C. Bourdeau. Philippians 4:7, 8. Our social meeting was good. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 41

Sabbath, March 5, 1887


Elder Wilbur Whitney preached. In afternoon we had a select meeting for the ministers and the Lord graciously met with us. There were deep feelings in the meetings. There was much weeping and humiliation of soul. All prayed with much weeping. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 42

Sunday, March 6, 1887


Ephesians 6:10-12. My mind was taken into a channel wholly unexpectedly to me upon the subject of patience and kindness and forbearance with one another. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 43

Monday, March 7, 1887


Spoke in the morning meeting from Ephesians 4:30-32. Some made humble confessions, but there is not a break yet as there must be before the Spirit of the Lord will come in and have free course and be glorified. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 44

Tuesday, March 8, 1887


Tuesday morning. Talk from Matthew 18:21-35. Some good confessions were made, more to the point than heretofore. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 45

March 15—

Have written 17 pages note paper. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 46

March 18—

Wrote several pages. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 47

March 19—

Wrote. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 48

March 20—

Wrote 19 pages. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 49

March 21—

25 largest pages. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 50

March 21—

19 pages. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 51

March 22—

2 large pages. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 52

March 22, 1887


Wrote 25 pages, large scratchbook pages. Arise at 1 A.M. much burdened because of the condition of the mission here. The families are such as should not be in this building. Wrote nine pages in regard to the condition of things. Wrote sixteen pages for Volume I. Had some talk with Elder Bourdeau in regard to his brother. He is disposed to leave the family to go to France. We can see no light in it. Sister Bourdeau should go to America and take her two children Jessie and Sarah. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 53

March 23—

15 large pages. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 54

March 24—

16 pages. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 55

March 25, 1887


Wrote thirty pages. I was too much burdened to sleep after 2 o’clock A.M. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 56

March 26, 1887


Spoke to the congregation in chapel from Genesis 18, 19. I did not know I was expected to speak until one hour previous to my going into meeting. But I believe it to be our duty to be ready for service at a moment’s warning. I felt like praying earnestly to God to make the word spoken effectual in reaching the hearts of the hearers, and the Lord heard my prayer, and His Spirit did touch my heart and the hearts of the hearers. I invited those who wished to seek the Lord most earnestly and to take a more decided stand for the Lord to be not only professionally believers in the truth, but to be obedient to all of God’s requirements. Many moved forward, and heartfelt testimonies of confession were made, and the Spirit of the Lord was in our midst to soften and subdue hearts. The meeting closed with earnest prayer to God. We were engaged for three hours in this exercise. Wrote ten pages, large scratchbook. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 57

March 27, 1887


Cloudy today. Rains some. Brother and Sister Cogshell left for Norway. Wrote 12 pages. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 58

April 5 and 6, 1887


Wrote 48 pages; 30 pages of this was letter paper, eighteen note paper. Sent a long communication to be read at the Oakland April meeting. Sent letters to Elder Butler. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 59

April 7—

Wrote fourteen pages letter paper. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 60

April 8—

Wrote fifteen pages Volume I. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 61

April 9—

Wrote fifteen pages letter paper, article for paper. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 62

Sabbath, April 10, 1887


I have overworked. Had meeting in evening with the families connected with this building. I spoke very plainly about how the boarders should be treated and how the tables should be furnished with nourishing food. Brother and Sister Ditcher [?] responded. We hope for a change in some respects for the better. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 63

April 29, 1887


Spoke to the people in regard to guarding their tongues. Had freedom in speaking. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 64

April 23—

22 pages letter paper. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 65

April 24—

22 pages letter paper. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 66

April 25—

32 pages letter paper. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 67

April 26—

17 pages letter paper, 12 pages note paper. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 68

April 27—

wrote 18 pages letter paper. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 69

April 28—

20 pages letter paper. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 70

April 29—

8 pages letter, 12 pages note. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 71

May 12, 1887

Left Basel at 7 o’clock A.M. in company with Mary K. White, W. C. White, Marian Davis, Elder Wilbur Whitney. We had rather an unfavorable time for it was cloudy and rainy, but we saw much that was interesting notwithstanding. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 72

We arrived at Zurich about noon. We were met at the depot by Brethren Conradi and Ertzenberger. We had an opportunity to visit a reformed church. One portion of this church was built three hundred twelve years after Christ. Their chapels were built small. In it were no seats. The congregation stood while listening to the sermons preached. Attached to this was a cathedral formerly owned by Catholics; now owned by Protestants or Reformers. This structure is nine hundred years old. The seats are narrow and very uncomfortable. The building is roomy and has alcoves just as it was constructed by the Catholics. In this building Zwingli preached. There was a pipe organ, and services are held in this building. It was built by Charlemagne. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 73

We then visited a chapel. Before it is the monument of Zwingli. Upon the monument is Zwingli in life size in bronze as he went into battle as chaplain. He has on a large surplice reaching to his feet. One hand rests upon the handle of his sword while in the other hand he clasps a Bible. We entered the building, which was no longer used for a meetinghouse, but as a library. Here were ancient books—Latin, Greek, and in every known language—shelves piled with books. We saw open Zwingli’s Bible in Greek or Latin and saw the veritable writing of Zwingli. There were many interesting things to be seen in this building. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 74

M. K. White, Marian Davis, and I were accompanied by Brother Ertzenberger to his hired house. We here met Sister Ertzenberger and his two sturdy German boys. We all had a good appetite for our dinner. Wilbur Whitney, W. C. White, and Elder Conradi were in the city attending to business. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 75

After dinner, accompanied by Brother Ertzenberger, we had a very pleasant ride on Zurich Lake in a row boat. The water was very smooth, and we had a good view of the cantons on Zurich Lake. We could see the mountains in the background. This lake is thirty-five miles long, and we could gather a good idea of the extent of Zurich and the many cantons situated on the borders of the lake. This is a beautiful expanse of water enclosed with banks which swell upwards with terraced vineyards and pine forests from amid which hamlets and white villas gleam out amid the trees and cultivated hills, which give variety and beauty to the scenery, while in the far-off distance the glaciers are seen stretching their icy peaks to the very skies, blending with the golden clouds. On the right the region is walled in with the craggy ramparts of the Abbis Alps, but the mountains stand back from the shore, and this permits the light to fall freely upon the bosom of the lake and on the ample sweep of its lovely and fertile banks, giving a charm to the picture that the pen of the artists could not possibly describe. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 76

The neighboring lake of Zug is in marked contrast to Zurich—the placid waters and slumbering shore seem perpetually wrapped in the shadows of the Grand Mountains. We returned just in season to enter the streetcar when the rain came pelting against the windows of the car. We had to walk a little distance in the rain to Elder Ertzenberger’s. There we met brethren who were engaged in missionary work, Brother Perk, the brother from Russia who was imprisoned with Brother Conradi. We had some conversation through an interpreter and engaged in a season of prayer and left for the depot. We reached home at half-past nine o’clock P.M. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 77

May 15, 1887—Supplementary Item

We have just returned from visiting Zurich. It is a much prettier city than Basel. The old part of the city contains many historical places of interest. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 78

We visited a cathedral. The denomination is called Reformers. The old part of the church was small. There were no seats. All the hearers were compelled to stand and listen to the preaching. This portion of the church was built three hundred and twelve years after Christ. Everything about this church was very ancient. The body of the church was nine hundred years old and built curiously enough. The seats look as if made for the discomfort of the congregation, narrow and stiff. They had a pipe organ, the only grand thing about the building. This building was put up by Charlemagne. We gathered many items of interest which we will use. Zwingli preached in this church in 1518. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 79

Our party was constituted of Elder Wilbur Whitney, W. C. White, M. K. White and baby Mabel, Marian Davis—my copyist, and myself. We visited an old building which had been a church where Zwingli had preached. Here was a life-size statue of Zwingli clad as he was chaplain of the army when he was killed. He had his Bible in his hand and his hand leaning on his sword. He has on the dress or coat reaching to his feet, which was worn by the clergy in those days. This monument is above his tomb. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 80

We entered the building and there we found it was used for a library of ancient books in Latin and in Greek and dead languages. We saw here the veritable Bible Zwingli used and letters written by his own hand. We had just been writing upon the reformers—Wycliffe, Jerome, John Huss, Zwingli, and other reformers, so I was much interested in all that I saw. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 81

We rode out in a rowboat upon the Zurich Lake which was narrow, but thirty-five miles long. This gave us a good idea of the extent of Zurich and the many cantons situated on the borders of the lake. Zurich is pleasantly situated on the shores of Lake Zurich. This is a noble expanse of water, enclosed with banks which swell upwards, clothed with vineyards and pine forests, from amid which hamlets and white villas gleam out amid trees and cultivated hills which give variety and beauty to the picture, while in the far-off horizon the glaciers are seen blending with the golden clouds. On the right the region is walled in with the craggy rampart of the Abbis Alps, but the mountains stand back from the shore and by permitting the light to fall freely upon the bosom of the lake and on the ample sweep of its lovely and fertile banks give a beauty to the picture which pen or brush of the artist could not equal. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 82

The neighboring lake of Zug is in marked contrast to Zurich; the placid waters and slumbering shore seem perpetually wrapped in the shadows. 5LtMs, Ms 29, 1887, par. 83