The Great Controversy -- Study Guide
Chapter 14 — Later English Reformers
1. What conditions limited the usefulness of Wycliffe’s translation of the Bible into the English language, (1.) as to accuracy of the text, (2.) as to its circulation? What valuable contribution was made by Erasmus? 245:1 [281:1]
2. A careful reading of this paragraph will not raise questions regarding the possibility of serious mistakes in the text of Scripture. The defects in Wycliffe’s version were due to his working not from the original languages, but from a faulty translation of that language into the Latin. Since that time, several ancient manuscript have been discovered, and modern versions of the scriptures have been translated from those original Hebrew and Greek texts. GC-SG 30.2
3. What cogent reasons did Tyndale give for the possession of the Scriptures by the laity? What purpose was formed in his mind to make this possible? Under what obstacles was he obliged to carry out this work? Where was his New Testament printed, and how did it find its way into England? How did the Bishop of Durham unwittingly help the cause? 246:2-247:1 [282:2-283:3]
4. What co-temporaries of Tyndale defended the truth, and magnified the word of God? According to Latimer, who was the most diligent bishop in all England, and how did he work? What was Latimer’s final prediction? 248:1-249:1 [284:2- 285:1]
5. Upon the spot where many copies of Tyndale’s Bible were publicly burned stands now the British and Foreign Bible House. GC-SG 30.5
7. Who was Scotland’s great leader in the Reformation? How did he interpret the command of God to obey their rulers? What wise counsel did he give to guide those who are confused because of differences of belief among spiritual leaders? How effective was his leadership in Scotland? 250:2-251:3 [287:1-288:3]
8. In the establishment of Protestantism in England, what erroneous principles of the papacy were retained? What was the result to dissenters? What noteworthy book was produced by a martyr for the faith, in jail? What four other books were productive of spiritual light? 251:4-252:3 [288:4-290:2]
9. What was the spiritual condition of England a century later? What reformers then arose? How was Charles Wesley led to realize the futility of his own works for salvation? 253:1-3 [290:3-291:1] From whom were the Wesleys descended? 253:1-254:2 [290:3-291:3]
11. What were the results of Wesley’s apprehension of the light of God’s grace? On what different basis did he now maintain his former good works? What led to the name of “Methodists”? 256:1-4 [293:2-294:1]
13. What instances of divine protection from mob violence has Wesley recorded? Were the leaders alone subject to persecution? Did they have protection from the government? 258:1-259:2 [295:2-296:2].
15. What remarkable success crowned the work of Wesley during his lifetime? What can be said of his influence beyond what was visible? Memorize the concluding sentence.